Personality and emotion regulation contributions to executive function

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Publication Type honors thesis
School or College College of Social & Behavioral Science
Department Psychology
Faculty Mentor Yana Suchy
Creator Rhodewalt, Lauren
Title Personality and emotion regulation contributions to executive function
Year graduated 1991
Date 1991
Description A growing body of evidence suggests a relationship between personality characteristics and cognition. Additionally, coping styles, which themselves are related to personality traits, also appear to be related to cognition. Two coping styles are of particular relevance; these are (1) Cognitive Reappraisal (CR), which is a strategy that relies on active alteration of the experience of emotions and (2) Affect Suppression (AS), which is a strategy that relies on concealment of overt emotional responses. Importantly, CR is associated with good cognitive and psychological functioning (John & Gross, 2003), whereas the chronic overuse of AS is associated with poorer cognitive and psychological functioning. Additionally, greater use of CR is associated with higher trait extraversion (Li, Zhanbiao, & Huanhuan, 2009), whereas greater use of AS has been associated with higher trait neuroticism and active depletion of cognitive resources (Baumeister & Alquist, 2009). In sum, although coping style and personality each have established relationships with cognition, it is not clear whether they contribute uniquely to cognition, or whether they explain cognition through mutually shared variance. In this study (N=18), participants completed a measure of cognition and surveys assessing both coping style and personality. Controlling for age and education, hierarchical regressions were performed using EF as the criterion variable and the various emotion regulation styles and personality traits as predictors. Both AS and openness to experience had a significant relationship with EF above and beyond demographics, but did not contribute to the model above and beyond each other, showing considerable overlap with one another.
Type Text
Publisher University of Utah
Subject Psychology
Language eng
Rights Management (c) Lauren Rhodewalt
Format Medium application/pdf
Format Extent 196,860 bytes
Permissions Reference URL
ARK ark:/87278/s6vx3rv1
Setname ir_htoa
Date Created 2016-11-08
Date Modified 2019-07-10
ID 205913
Reference URL
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