5-27-82: 32 year old man of short stature and overweight. Referred by Dr. Zee for study of down beat nystagmus. Has always had a short stocky neck and has had periodic apnea (2nd patient of Dr. Zee's with down beat nystagmus and intermittent apnea). Onset of Sx was blurring of vision for which he consulted an optometrist and later an ophthalmologist and thence to a neurosurgeon. Posterior decompression was done with little change in symptoms.
Arnold Chiari Malformation
David G. Cogan, MD (1908-1993), Former Director of Ophthalmology, National Eye Institute
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Eye Institute