Effectiveness of Physical Therapy for Back Pain

Update item information
Identifier effectiveness_physical_therapy_back_pain
Title Effectiveness of Physical Therapy for Back Pain
Creator Fritz, J. M. U of U Key Faculty Collaborators: Magel, J. S.; Greene, T. H.; Thackeray, A.; Lane, E. H.; College of Health. University of Utah Health
Subject Diffusion of Innovation; Back Pain; Sciatica; Spinal Stenosis; Clinical Decision-Making; Rehabilitation; Physical Therapy Modalities; Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic; Knowledge Discovery
Keyword Prevention
Image Caption A randomized controlled trial examined the effects of early referral to physical therapy plus a single educational session versus a single educational session alone on disability among patients with acute sciatica. Patients referred to physical therapy reported reduced pain and disability. Reproduced with permission from https://www.acpjournals.org/doi/10.7326/M20-4187. ¬©American College of Physicians.
Description Back pain is among the most common reasons for visits to physicians and physical therapists and is the costliest health condition in the US. Twenty years ago, the scientific basis to guide decision-making on treatments for specific types of back pain was weak. Since then, Julie Fritz, PhD, and colleagues have conducted a series of rigorous randomized clinical trials examining patients with acute back pain, back pain accompanied by sciatica, and back pain due to spinal stenosis. Their recent study found that patients with back pain and sciatica who were referred to physical therapy for treatment with exercise and manual therapy were more likely to rate their treatment as successful and reported significantly greater reductions in pain and disability than patients who were not referred. These studies have defined effective physical therapy treatments for these conditions and facilitated clinical decision making and strategies to personalize physical therapy treatments.
Relation is Part of 2021
Publisher Spencer S. Eccles Health Sciences Library, University of Utah
Date Digital 2021
Date 2021
Type Image
Format image/jpeg
Rights Management Copyright © 2021, University of Utah, All Rights Reserved
Language eng
ARK ark:/87278/s6839rw6
References 1.) Physical therapy referral from primary care for acute back pain with sciatica: a randomized controlled trial. Fritz JM, Lane E, McFadden M, Brennan G, Magel JS, Thackeray A, Minick K, Meier W, Greene T. Ann Intern Med. 2021 January;174(1):8. 2.) Prevention and treatment of low back pain: evidence, challenges, and promising directions. Foster NE, Anema JR, Cherkin D, Chou R, Cohen SP, Gross DP, Ferreira PH, Fritz JM, Koes BW, Peul W, Turner JA, Maher CG. Lancet. 2018 June 9;391(10137):2368. 3.) Cost-effectiveness of primary care management with or without early physical therapy for acute low back pain: economic evaluation of a randomized clinical trial. Fritz JM, Kim M, Magel JS, Asche CV. Spine. 2017 March;42(5):285. 4.) Early physical therapy vs usual care in patients with recent-onset low back pain. Fritz JM, Magel JS, McFadden M, Asche CV, Thackeray A, Meier W, Brennan G. JAMA. 2015 October 14;314(14):1459.
Press Releases and Media University of Utah Health: "Back pain with Sciatica More Likely to Improve with Physical Therapy" https://healthcare.utah.edu/publicaffairs/news/2020/10/fritz-sciatica.php; "Immediate Physical Therapy Improves Back Pain With Sciatica" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D57quRQsdpY; New York Times https://www.nytimes.com/2020/10/14/well/live/physical-therapy-has-benefits-for-back-pain.html; US News & World Report https://www.usnews.com/news/health-news/articles/2020-10-05/got-sciatica-stay-active-and-start-early-on-physical-therapy; Medscape https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/938595; Physician's Weekly https://www.physiciansweekly.com/physical-therapy-for-sciatica-the-earlier-the-better/; Kevin MD.com https://www.kevinmd.com/blog/2020/11/5-questions-to-ask-before-you-have-back-surgery.html; APTA Podcast https://aptacasts.com/2020/11/05/benefits-of-early-physical-therapy-treatment-for-sciatica/
Setname ehsl_50disc
ID 1703456
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6839rw6