|Subject||Christians-Hawaii--Newspapers; Missions--Hawaii--Newspapers; Sailors-Hawaii--Newspapers; Temperance--Newspapers|
|Description||Published by the Rev. Samuel Chenery Damon from 1845 to 1885, The Friend focused on temperance and Christian mission to seamen. It began as a monthly newspaper that included news from both American and English newspapers, and gradually expanded to adding announcements of upcoming events, reprints of sermons, poetry, local news, editorials, ship arrivals and departures and a listing of marriages and deaths. From 1885 through 1887, it was co-edited by the Revs. Cruzan and Oggel. The editorship then passed to Rev. Sereno Bishop, who held the post until the publication of the paper fell under the auspices of the Board of the Hawaiian Evangelical Association in April of 1902 where it remained until June 1954. Since then, it has continued in a different format under the Hawaii Conference-United Church of Christ up to the present day, making it the oldest existing newspaper in the Pacific. Note that there are some irregularities in the numbering of individual issues, so that two issues may have the same volume and number, but different dates will distinguish them.|
- ltto jcrics, ~ol. 27, ~lO'. 11.} ~0 ~ear or The Islands Discovered l-~ HONOLULU, NOVEMBER J, 1878. CONTE~TS For November 1, 18'78. PAO)'( Haleakala Vomiting Pulu .............................. 85 New Book-" Around the World in the Yacht Sunbeam," 85 Rambles in the Old World-No. 22 ................. 85-88 Grace before Meat ..................................... 88 Editorials .............................................. 88 Mal'ine Journal. ....................................... 89 Yellow Fever .......................................... 90 Japan .................................................. 90 Y. M. C. A ....................................•......... 92 THE FRIEND, NOVEMBER 1. 1878. HALEAKALA V Ol\'IITING Puw.-Intelligence appears to have reached London, as we learn, from the "Supplement to the European Mail," one of the most reliable London papers, in commercial matters, that the grand old crater of Haleakala, on Maui, is now producing several thousand bales of pulu per annum. We would refer the editors of the European Mail to Misit Bird's book on the islands, page 92, where she speaks of Pulu,-" the silky covering of the fronds of one species of tree-fern." "Substitu,te .for Iforsehair.-Intelligence from San Francisco states that the import of pulu, a product of Hawaii, during last year only reached 240 bales and bags. Since 1873, when the import reached 2873 bales and bags, there has been a continual decline, the reason assigned being that the article has been supplanted by a home-made article of imitation hair, made out of the native soap-root, and which is generally preferred to the island product. 'l'he Hawaiians now find a market for their pulu product in the Australian Colonies, where there is now, we believe, quite a large sale for the article, and at fair prices. Pulu is vomited at red heat from the volcano Haleakala, and chilled by the currents of air, falls in filaments, fine as spun glass and soft as feathers. It much resembles asbestos in character, and is extensively exported to the United States for furniture purposes." U Papers and books received for distrilmtion : From C. M. Cooke, Mrs. W. C. Parke, Mrs. C. B. Andrews, Dr. J. M. Whitney, and Mr. Atherton. NEw BooK.-On the counter of Whitney RAMBLES IN THE OLD WORLD-No. 22 & Robertson will be found a new book, enA Few Weeks in Scan,linavia-No, t. titled, " Around the World in the Yacht Sunbeam," by Mrs. Brassey. The visit of NORTHWARD. this vessel in our waters is fresh m the There is an old Asiatic Proverb which recollection of many of our readers. The runs thus, '' He who would grow rich must book has already passed into its second or go to the Nurth," and I feel as if I had of Jate tested and proved its truth in a most third London edition, and has been repub- pl easrng · · th e . an d agreea ble way. D urrng hshed m New York by Henry Holt & Co. past few weeks 1 have been rambling NorthHonolulu is not omitted among the many ward, into lands new to me, amid scenes places where the Sunbeam shone, on its trip I which had hi!hert? be~n seen only through !he around the world. The style of the book is ~yes of my nna~rnatwn and fancy-passrng f: T d • tl d.. ., bl mto a realm which I had scarcely thought, racy, . ami iar an . emi?en Y re~ a . e. in other days, I should ever in reality enter. Aftler1cans engaged rn putting up fruits and It has bt-en an experience which is worth vegetables for exportation, ought to feel more to me than gold, the memories of themselves under special obligations for the which are the best of .riches, for t~ey cannot followino- advertisement: take ~o them~elves wm~s,. but will always b • • • remarn a lastmg and ab1dmg treasure. So "Amer~can tinned fruits and vegetables I say to you, the Eldorados of hope, beauty beat English ones hollow." (See P· 222.) and inspiration do not always lie in the P. S.-" We are requested," says the West, but sometimes may be found by foleditor of the New York Independent, "by lowing the .guidance one's Northern Star. the publishers, Messrs. Henry Holt & Co., I would farn share with you the treasure. I . . have found here. And yet I feel my gold is of this city, to announce that they have still much in the rough, that I am, as it caused to be prepared a full index of Mrs. were, just beginning the work which for me Brassey's late work, 'Round the World in will be rewarded more and more fully in the Sunbeam.' This will be sent o-ratui- coming years; but at least I can do this t:> much, I ran show you where the golden tously ~o anyone w~o has the book a nd veins begin, and leave you to win your forwould hke to render it more complete by the tune at your leisure. addition of alphabetical tables of its varied 1 wish I could convey to you something of the enthusiasm which this Scandinavian contents." world has awakened in me. It is so new, OAHU CoLLEGE.-We are glad to learn so beautiful, so full of poetic and practical that the number of students this term is suggestions, that I feel it has been the opening up of a new world for study and thought. over -eighty, larger than we recollect was It is comparatively a new world, one which ever connected with thP institution at any eve:i in these days of travel and swift transit previous period of its existence. President still retains a freshness and simplicity which Jones and his associates appear to have en- is fast fading away from many portions of tered upon their duties under most favorable Europe. From a land of myths and sagas and wild mythology; of fierce warriors and auspices. dauntless heroes; a wilderness of solemn, gloomy forests; girt about with wild waves; ID'" We would acknowledge a box of grey with Northern mists; the home of sunBibles from A. B. Society, N. Y! forwarded less winters, anq summers lighted by a freight free, by owners of Hawaiian schooner never-fading glory; distant, remote, unreal. Eustace, Williams, Blanchard & Co., agents. it has to µi~ grown to be a land full of Also, we would acknowledge, (freight free,) grand, acq;ial, progressive life; the home of earnest, noble men and women, bright with three boxes of printing paper, per '' Amy thriving towns and cities, where quietness, Turner," C. Brewer ·& Co., agents. peace aµq harmony reign. And with this I or 86 TH~; FRIEND, NOVEMBER, 1878. discovery of the actual there has fortunately waiters who keep watch and ward over your have gone down undE'r its waters. What a been _no lessening of the romantic and poetic. coming and going. Hence, "as discre- fine sea_it is, stretching away there to tbe Still, tion is the better part of valor," we decided north, with here and there a well filled sail, "'Mid the ancient pine-tree forests it was wise to avail ourselves of the sturdy or the pale cloud of smoke on the horr::zon Far in Northland, home o~arriors, • Linger yet old saga mem'riesGerman tongue in fore.ign lands, which has from a passing steamer. We scarcely lose T1·eusures from the Asa days ." a more sensible and economical ring. The sight of the German mainland, before the There are still here the same brave, earn- incognito which we assumed seems to have southern point of the Island of Rugen rises. est, powerful natures, the same manly cour- been certainly in the start quite complete. into view. age and gentle, womanly tenderness. as of For in the railway carriage in which we left I cannot wonder that artists come here, yore; the grand mountains still stand; the Berlin we were taken by our fellow-passen- only I should think they would forget to beauty of silver lakeEl in the embrace of gers for Germans. l felt it was the highest paint, enjoying the fair world about them. It ancient forests has not vanished from the compliment which could be paid to our is a land of infinite r·estfulness, full of a landscape; the tumult of foamy waves is knowledge of the language.) Towards the wondnful peace in mid-summer, from the heard on the rocky coasts and in the. no close of the journey, in which the late sum- lap of the Baltic waves on the shore to the longer mysterious North the winter glooms mer twilight faded away, we saw long soft murmur of the forests of beech. It is a and summer shines as in other ages. We wreaths of mist floating over the lowlands unique and interesting spot, both historically have still the Past; we have more, the com- by the railway, showing that we were near- and in many other respects. The people fort of the Present and the hope and promise ing some body of water. The evening lamps still retain much of the simplicity of olden of the Future. Nothing has impressed me had been long lighted when we reached the times. The population of the whole island is between forty and fifty thousand. It has more strongly at the North than the peace quiet city of STETTIN, passed through many and imp9rtant conflicts, which seemed to have folded its brooding wings over these countries. While so many ln Pomerania, an old commercial town, ram- and heathenism made a long and vigorous parts of Europe feel already the shock of bling in a pleasant, old-fashioned sort of stand against the advance of Christianity. possible conflict and revolution, while so a way along both banks of the Oder. For a There are several towns of considerable size, many rumors of unrest fill the air, here there long time it was under Swedish rule, but and many small villages. The soil is wonseems to be truest repost', in which l most has now passed over to Prussia. Ships and derfully fertile in some portions of the earnestly wish other lands at present so dis- steamers, of considerable size, line the long island, producing ]arge crops of grain. Just turbed could share. I have met in all ranks busy wharves. One or two interesting old after the sun had gone down in the unand classes a kindness and cordiality which churches and a gray and aged castle, give clouded west, our steamer stopped off the in this short time has made me, though a something of ao antique appearance to the little town of Sassenitz, a favorite watering stranger, feel most at home. town. But on the whole, it does not com- place. The shore was filled with summer But here, before turning to my note-book, pare, in point o( interest 1 with many other guests, to whom the arrival of the steamer is let me give you a brief outline of my jour- of the north German towns. We were es- the sensation of the day. This is a most ney. I wrote you last in a very uncere- pecially interested in our morning's ramble charming little town, running up from the monious way from Hu gen. We came next in watching the busy market people who sea-shore to the trees and gardens on the to Stralsund, a most interesting old Hanse- had come to Stettin from different points on cliff, with pleasant hotels, and odd winding atic town, with interesting reminders of that the river with fruits and vegetables. There ways, where you meet at every turn pleasant famous League. Here we found the Oscar, is nothing especially picturesque in the cos- German faces. From here our route lay for Malmo; took passage and were, the next tu mes of the North German peasants, but along the sea-shore and through great forday (noon), in Malmo, southern part of Swe- now and then one notices something in the ests to Lohme, where I am writing to-night. den; din~d there, making our first acquaint- fold of a handkerchief over the head, a bit of What a delightful day it has been, from ance with Swedish manners and customs. color here or there which lends something early morning till towards evening on foot, From Malmo we took the steamer across the of brightness to the groups of women. It is with a long rest at noon. The road wound Sound to Copenhagen. With Copenhagen scarcely fair, however, to speak of peasant now on the shore, and now up on to the I was most delighted. It is more interest- costumes. Most unfortunately the distinct- cliffs. The great expanse of the blue sea, ing, in point of Art collections, than Stock- ive peasant dress, which formerly interestE'd glittering in the glory of unclouded sunlight, holm, but it does not compare with it for the traveler, in pas~ing from country to stretched before us, or we caught glimpses of beauty of situation. One day we took train country, is now seen in only a few regions it through the clustering trees. Grand, for Elsinore, where is the old "Hamlet Cas- of Europe. The people struck me as being white cliffs of chalk, dazzingly white, lifted tle." From Copenhagen we took steamer an earnest, kindly, hard-working race, with themselves from the blue sea to the bluer sky. for Gothenburg, Sweden,. being the whole of sun-burnt faces and labor-worn hands. These were worn into curious shapes by the one beautiful day on the Sound We Though Stettin lies some distance inland, wind and water, and rose in fantastic towers reached Gothenburg, the second city of Swe- yet the coming of river-craft, the steamers, and domes. Verdant grass and clinging den, at sunset; spent one night and a day the long wharves, the knots of sailors, give it shrubs crested their summits, the green and here, and the next night took steamer for the appearance of a busy sea port. The white contrasting most beautifully. Inland Stockholm. We shall spend one day in the finest thing to be seen in the town, is a at times, our way lay through fragrant pines, University town of Upsala, and before the statue of Peter the Great, by ~chadow, in or under the intertwining boughs of fine old beeches, with a yielding carpet of moss end of this week hope to be in Christiana bronze, very striking and life-like. Norway. From this point we shall find our Our course lay, by steamer, from Stettin under our feet. Mid-way in our day's tramp way down to Hamburg, and perhaps Bremen, to Swinzmunde, where the Oder empties were two fine out-looks from the cliffs, as they lie on our return route to Berlin, itself into the Baltic. The steamer was named in honor of the Emperor and Crown where we hope to arrive early in September. filled with summer travelers going to differ- Princess of Germany, who visited here some In turning to my note-book, I find the fol- ent pomts on the Balr.ic, nil very bright, years since, the " Wilhelm Licht " and lowing: "In company with a fellow-student cheery and animated. The day was glori- "Victoria Licht." The Konigs-sthul is 1 left Berlm, in the midst of the sultry ously beautiful, and the trip most delightful. another eminence near by, from which a heats of August, and traveled all the way The land lies low along the Oder, which, most extensive and magnificent view is obNorthward to Stettin in company with a towards its mouth, widens till you feel tained. In the now quiet waters laving its grand thunderstorm. (By the way, this almost as if you were on the open sea. Most base, a sea.fight took place between the traveling as German students has its advan- picturesque were the sails ot some of the Prussian and Danish Marines, in 1864. Not tages. The sound of the .English tongue boats whi~ we passed. The Baltic gave far away from here, so runs the legend, has a marvellous effect upon all those who us a most kindly welcome, smiling peace- some famous northern sea robbers buried cater to the wants of the traveling public in fully and joyfully at us as we sailed out of their stolen treasure, We had no time, Europe, from hotel proprietor down. With the Oder, ai;, if it were a quiet lake and not however, to look for it. Rugen has many it, is supposed to go limitless supplies of the home of storms well known to northern reminders of the old days of heathenism. gold, that he ":ho ~1s~s it_ enjoys nothing bet-1 sailors. Hut for its gracious, welcoming There is a lovely little lake set in the midst ter than throwmg ghttermg largesses to the stillness, we will be grateful and try to of a murmuring grove, called the Hertha solemn rows of black-coated, white-tied forget all the goodly, stalwart fellows that See, which you must be sure and visit irt T H E i' It I E N D , coming here. Hertha was the worshiped gow:1.ess of the olden time, and it is supposed by some that near this lake her dark and mystic rites were performed. Here are two stones, which the imaginative are pleased to designate as the sacrificial stones, whereon human victims were offered. A remarkable encircling mound, evidently constructed by human hands, still remains, which may ve served as the temple of the goddess. It may be that the white clad priests, like the old Druids, led the awe-struck multitude to the shores of the lake, and through these forests, but if so, the lake and forests keep their secret well. Scarcely a ripple rises on the quiet waters while, sleeping in the noonsunshine, girt about with a clustering growth of starry white water-lilies. And the forest murmurs softly to itself, but too softiy for us to hear whether it is chanting the hymn of heathen days, or the psalm of a purer and better faith. We are stopping for the -n ight in a little fishing village, perched on the summit of the cliff, with an out-look far seaward. A few quiet people come here for the summer, and are kindly entertained by the honest fisher folk. We have a roomy, breezy little hotel, with a gE1nial host, whose words always run on the surface of a generous laugh, so exc~ssively kind and good-natured is he. ARcoNA, August 12th.-We were both to come away from the littlevillage ofLohme, but the way which lay before us was still fairer, so we said " Good-bye," and came to Arcona. Where we have stood to-day, looking landward and seaward, while the twilight gathered, and later as the moonlight silvered the waters, was the principal stronghold of the old heathenism in Rugen. Here within these huge mounds of earth, now grass-grown, was the temple of the heathen deity Swantewit (the holy victor.) The idol was of wood, having four faces, looking in different,.directions. Within the holy of holies the high prirst was alone allowed to enter. Here in the temple stood also the sacred banner which was borne before the people in times of ,var, firing them to dar.. ing achievements. In autumn the great sacrifices were celebrated here. to witness which, came people from all parts of the land. To show to what extent the worship of this deity spread, it is only necessary to mention that at one time an emb~ssy was sent from Bohemia requesting a copy of the idol. It was borne with pomp to Prague, where a temple was reared in its honor. It was not until the twelfth century that the power of heathenism was here broken, the inhabitants of the land making a long and successful stand against the inroads of the Danes, but being forced at last to yield. The whole region is rendered intensely interesting by these reminders of the olden time. Sl'RALSUND, August 13th.-In order to catch the boat for Stralsund we had to rise bright and early this morning, and take a brisk walk of some miles across the country to a little village on the west coast. The heavy mists faded away before the early sun, and we had delightful weath e r. Jt wu :,; a most in spiring walk. Th e ~un s tood in :he brig htening e.,st. The reapers were already at work in the NOV E M B E R , I 8 7 8 • fields. Flocks of white geese came over the downs to meet us . We passed picture~q ue villages and farm houses, with thatthed roofs, and red walls, looking out from amid the garden shrubs, in which the bees had scarcely as yet begun to hum. At one part of the way a beautiful grove of trees lay across our road, through which we passed, down a perfect Gothic aisle, escorted by a little barefooted peasant girl, to the fields beyond. Down by the sea we found sti!l another village; and from the breezy pier the steamer came to take us, and away from the Island of Rugen, which l must say l left very, very regretfully. Some ·day, I trust, I may visit it again. We have visited perhaps the most beautiful, but not tbe most populous portions of the Island. There is Bergen, the capital, in the center of the Island, with J,000 inhabitants, and there is Putbus still iarther south, with its castle and park and beautiful surroundings. And well worth the visit, if one has the time, is that to Monchgut, almost entirely surrounded by the sea. Owing to the isolated nature of their situation, the people have retained very much of their original simple character. Thev are an earnest, industrious folk -the mer'i devoting themselves principally to fishing, the women to weaving and spinning. They have striking costumes, the women being especially marked by their peculiarly high peasant caps. From our steamer we had a distant view of the little Island of Hiddensee, which lies near RuO'en. The entrance to the old Hanseat1c town of Stralsund is exceedingly fine. The harbor is excellent, and from the water the old church spires and tower present a fine appearance. The city has had a most varied and eventful history, and even in thPse later days seems consc10us of its former glory. At one time it held an important and proud place among the proud cities of the Hanseatic League, which in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries ruled so imperiously in the affairs of Northern Europe. Not so very far away from Stralsund lie Lubeck, Rostock, Hamburg, and other of those cities who shared in this confederation. In them all are still to be found lingering traces of the palmy days of their political history, though with time the old, elaborate buildings are fast passing away. Some points in Stralsund are especially worthy of a visit. Thete is the old Rathhaus, with its singular pointed facade, and Gothic arches, and long stone passage, and some of the churches are most interesting. The Marienkirehe has a fine interio.r, lofty Gothic, finished m white. The view from the lofty tower, whi.h overlooks the town, is very fine. Through little openings in the old walls you catch glimpses of it on your way up, till finally on reaching the highest portion of the spire, the whole fair and varied scene is spread out before you. At the base of the tower lies the town, with its high and pointed red rodfs, and narrow streets, and stone-paved market place, where the people have dwindled to pigmies. About the city are the old fortifications. On one side, with a narrow channel separating it from the mainland. Jies the Island ot Hu g-e n The eye wanders off over a great stretch of country, green with woo<llands, sown with crops of grain, varied by houses and villages, and highways. Just beyond 87 the town is the spot, nestling among the trees, where the renowned General Wallenstein had his camp, in the year 1628, when he was so hotly besieging the city. He swore that he would take the city, even if it were bound with chains to heaven. But notwithstanding the fierceness of his zeal, the citizens, with the aid of the Rwedes, so valiantly resisted him that he was forced to abandon the siege. They have always been a brave people. Here 1t was that m 1809 the bold Prussian Col. Schill fell fighting in the streets of Stralsund against the Dutch and the Danes. The spot where he fell is now marked by a stone with an inscription. HoTEL VICTORIA, CoPENHAGEN, Denmark, August 14th.-Certainly a day of changes! With the break of day our steamer, the Oscar, steamed away from Germany, at noon we were in Sweden, and this evening 1 am writing in Denmark. When I went on deck this morning Germany had disappeared, and soon Sweden rose mistily into view far on the horizon. There is nothing especially striking about the approach to Southern Sweden, as the country lies flat and evenly along the shore. The £teamer which we have taken goes to :Malmo, Sweden, and from there the passengers to Denmark take another steamer across the Sound to Copenhagen. Malmo is a busy commercial town, the third in importance in Swedeu, ranking after Stockholm and Gothenburg, with a population of 30,000. The town is regular and we11-built, and aloncr the wharves presents an especial1y busy ap~ pearance. As we shall pass through it again, I will not now speak especially of it. It wa5 a pleasant sensation to be in Sweden, though we were at this time simply passinO' through it on our way to Denmark. It wa~ difficult to realize for the moment that we were really among a new people. But the sound of a new language in our ears; the presence of strange-looking signs on the shops; newspapers from which we could gain but little information; a " bill of fare" at the hotel from which we must choose rather by faith than by understanding-soon set us right on this matter. We had been but a few moments on shore whep we had a proof of Scandinavian politeness. We had come to a land where our German marks, groschens, etc., would be of but little service to us, hence our first object was to find a money-changer. We looked in vain, until we went into a shop we were passing and our interrogations brought out the fact that one of the young men spoke a little German. Would he be so kind as to tell us where we could find the place for which we were searching? Instead of that, the goodI¥1tured young Swede takes his hat and goes with us t?rough the t own to the right place, so that m a few moments we were ready with coin to face the dinner-bill at the good hotel Gustavus Adolphus. The coinage of Scandinavia is very convenient, within a few years the same system having been adopted for Denmark, Norway, and Sweden. The coins in use are the " krone" and "ore." The krone is , I think, in value worth a little more than our twenty five cent piece, and this is divided into one hundred ore. At the hotel we noticed a custom which is peculiar to Scandinavia, and which 88 TH~ :strikes a stranger oddly at first. In the hotels, and restaurants, and rail"'ay stations is a table spread with all manner of cold dishes, some of which are excellent; but a good many of them are to me unsolved mysteries. There are dishes of fish, served in all styles; shrimps, salads, cheeses, cold meats, bread, etc. Every gentleman, before he begins his dinner, goes to the table and helps himself to as much as he sees fit, taking therewith a small glass or more of brandy or Schnapps, which always stand ready. This is an "appetizer," just to give a relish to the coming dinner. I think the same custom prevails in Russia, though I think not in Norway. I have seen it at the tables in Denmark and Sweden. Denmark veiled itself in rain-clouds as our steamer neared Copenhagen, though from no ill-will, I am sure, as l have since had occasion to know that Damsh skies can be as blue as those in more southern climes. The passage across from Sweden is made in something like two hours-generally smooth sailing, with comfortable boats, which run often during the day. Again face to face with a new language and a new people, which have, however, much resemblance to the language and people we have left on the other side of the Sound. German and English will almost always put one through, and when these fail, one can readily resort to wild gesticulations,emphatic guttural sounds, smiles, tears, etc., and the few words of the language which one somehow unconsciously "absorbs" in coming into the atmosphere of a new place. There are Custom House ceremonies to be gone through with, but as we were jYst two young men traveling quite sans cerernonie, our luggage was a matter of secondary importance, so that we were passed quickly through. A quiet little'hotel, with plf'asant-faced host, has given us welcome, and to-night we shall sleep in peace, and soundly, too, I fancy, iu the Danish capital. F. W. DAMON. Copenhagen, Aug .. 14th, 1878. FRIEND, NOVEMBER. '' Grace Before Meat." Io a most charming and instructive volume on •' The Miracles of Jesus," by the Rev. A. A. Willits, D. D., a Presbyterian Pastor of Philadelphia, we have met with the following beautiful paragraphs in his comments upon Christ's " Feeding the Five Thousand:" "lt is the sweet spring-time-for the passover is at hand-the air is filled with the fragrance of flowers and blossoms, the fervor of the sun has passed, and the broad and gentle slope is covered with an abundance of fresh green grass, affording a fitting seat for. those wh@ are to partake of this remarkable feast in the wilderness. The marshaling and seating this vast multitude into such orderly groups consumej ·some little time, but the people readily ana quietly consent, and soon the one hundred groups of fifty each, with the women and children on the outskirts, are seated upon the verdant plain. "It must have been a beautiful sight. In the Greek of Mark's Gospel he speaks of their having ' reclined in parterres,' as if the gay colors, the red, blue and yellow do.thing, which the poorest Orientals wore, suggested to the imagination of the evangelist a multitude of flowe1·-beds adorning a vast and beautiful lawn. u'""J esus stood while they were being seated, holding in his hands the hve thin loaves made of barley meal, and the two small fishes, which the little lad had probably brought for his own simple supper. '• When all were seated and every eye fixed upon him, and silent wonder reigned supreme, Jesus, in the sweet and sacred stillness of that twilight hour, lifted up his eyes to heaven and prayed-blessed God for the bread. For our Lord never omitted the beautiful Jewish custom of "g1·ace" before meat. '•And as we know the words of the 'grace' used by the Jews, we have without doubt the very words uttered by Jesus at this inrt:7' In the September issue of THE FRIEND teresting moment : " Blessed be thou, 0 we stated, upon the authority, of an Amer- Lord our God,. the I1ing of the world, ican exchange, that the mother of M. Wad- who hast proclucecl this food from the earth." 'I'his was the form. But it was dington, the French delegate to the Berlin not from custom, but from the heart, Jesus Congress, was an American lady, belonging uttered these words. His spirit rose in to Boston. In a letter received by the last gratitude to the infinite Father; and he a5mail from the office of the New York Ob- sumed this devout attitude and used these server, "lremeus'' informs us that we were fitting words, to impress the minds of that vast multitude. and to lead their hearts to in error in making this statement, remark- God as the source of all good. The Jews rng: " His wife ( not his mother) was Miss did not l,less their food, but the God who King (not of Boston), of New York, daugh- gave it, and this is evidently what is meant of Charles King, LL.D., President of Colum- by the phrase, " He blessed and brake." bia College." • They did not cut their bread, but baked it in loaves of a cake-like thi.nness convenient for USir H. D. Wolff is a member of the breaking. "Having blessed God for the bread, Jesus British Foreign Office. He goes to Rou- took the loaves and the fishes, and breaking melia. Being at Smyrna he wrote to a them into portions passed these to the friend: " Send me a wife by the next mail." twelve, and directed them to distribute to A sister of Lord Orford, seeing the letter, the companie:s. went out to Smyrna and married him. "And then began that mysterious and wonderful feast. ~D s. W e 11 s w·11· t' t "Whether the food grew in the hands of 111.::ss> r. 1 1ams es 1ma es J h b k d gave to trn l d'1sc1p · Jes, . 1 · esus as e ra e an that ~0,000,000. of the Chrnese have per- or in the hands of the disciples as they gave ished m the famine. to the head man of each of these groups, or IS78. in the hands of each one of the compan as he divided with the companion next to im, we cannot flay, for it is not in the record. But one thing is made clear, and that is that all partook of the feast; all ate until they were satisfied, and there was not only enough for all, but more than could be used; and seeing portions unused, Jesus, to teach a ~sson of carefulness and to set for ever at rest any doubts as to the reality of the miracle, bade his disciples borrow from the people each a basket--a common accompaniment of the Jewish pilgrim, holding about a peck-and ' gather up the fragments, that nothing be lost.' '' o:::7' We would acknowledge pamphlets, papers and books as follows: Terennial Catalogue, of Amherst College; papers from W. C. Bruce, . Auckland, New Zealand; "The Miracles of Jesus," a beautiful volume, by Rev. A. A. Willets, D. D., from Chaplain Rose, U. S. N.; "Somebody Else," by G. P. Lathrop, from Mrs. Van Denburgh, San Francisco; two volumes of 11 Hours with Men and Books,'' and "Getting on in the World," by Prof. W. Matthews, from Mr. H. A. Pierce; three numbers of Spurgeon's " Sword and Trowel," from Mrs. Taylor, London. o:::7' An American boy-Edward Crane, of New Jersey-carries off the first prize for excellence in French in the French College of Avrauches, in Normandy. They have a custom there of crowning such honor men with a laurel wreath and kissing him on the forehead on commencement day. Young Crane is said to have reflected credit on his country in the way he stood the ordeal.-N. Y . .Independent. GLADSTONE ON Al\1ERICAN FrtANCEs.-ln his recent article upon England and America, Mr. Gladstone declares that, "Although the annual income of Great Britain in round numbers is £1,000,000,000, America is passing by us at a canter, and in 1880 will be the wealthiest of all the nations, although the development of her resources and the opening of her territory is as yet in its infancy." AMERICAN GENIUS FOR lNvENTlON.-The London Times gives three columns of description and two columns of editorial characterization of the American mechanical display at Paris. It declares that '' The activity anJ. insight of the American inventive genius develops more that is new and practical in mechanism than all Europe combined." '"fHE BIBLE IN TumnsH LANGUAGE.-A •complete translation of the Bible has just been completed, by the American Missionaries, in the Turkish language. The work has been principally performed by the Rev. Elias Riggs, forty-five years a laborer in Turkey. He preaches in six different Ian• guages, and can read fourteen. 'f HE FRIEND, "a MARINE JOURNAL. Mrs. D. H. Simmonds, of Alta city, Washington Territory, U.S. A., writes to the United States Consul, asking information of her brother, John Clingensmith, who was landed from on board of a ship on one of these Islands, with two other men, about 1860. Respecting Ebenezer Easter Hill, formerly of Buffalo, N. Y. He sailed from New Bedford as a passenger on board a whale-ship, for Sandwich Islands, about the year 1852. He was at that time between 35 and 38 years of age. Any information will be gladly received by the American Minister Resident, or by the Editor. To WHOM IT MAY CONCERN.-There now resides in Yokohama Mrs. M. I. Gibbs, formerly Mrs. J. Vaughn, of Honolulu. Any parties wishing for information will apply to Hawaiian (Jonsul, L. P. Lilybridge, Esq., of Yokohama. MA.RRIED. MoWAYNE-ROBINSON.-In Honolulu, Oct 9th, at the residence of the bride's mother, in Nuuanu Valley, by the Rev s C Damon, ALBERT MCWAYNE, Esq., to Miss Lucy H. ROBINSON, both of Honolulu. KOELLINO-LUEHWING.-In Honolulu, Oct 10th, at the residence of J C Glade, Esq, by the Rev S C Damon, CHARLES KOELLING, Esq., of Hanalei, Kauai, to Miss LEONORA LUEHWING, of Honolulu. BucKLEY-BOLSTER.-In this city on the 16th October, by the Rev. S. C. Damon, Mr. Peter Buckley to Martha, eldest daughter of Mr. A. S. Bols'ter, all of Honolulu. GRn'FIN-STAFFORD-In this city, October 27th, by Rev. s. C. Damon, Mr. DANIEL B. GRIFFIN to ELIZA J. STAFFORD, of Eauclaire, Wisconsin.-Eauclaire papers please copy. ROBINSON-HUNT-In Sodus, New York, by the Rev. T. Dwight Hunt (formerly Missionary on the Sand Islands and subsequently Pastor of the First Congregational Church of San Francisco), DENTON s. ROBI~SON, Esq., a lawyer of Nunda, New York, to Miss EMILY C. HUNT, daughter of the officiating clergyman.-[Wayne County Alliance, Sodus, N. Y. DIED. By the arrival of the P. M. S.S. City of New York we received the sad intelligence of the death of her chief steward, Mr. James R. Hall, at Sydney, on the 2d Sept. The deceased was a native of Barbadoes, W. I., and for a number of years in the service of the P. lVI. S. S. Compa-ny. He was appointed to the City of New York on her first voyage to the Colonies, and succeeded, up to the time of his death, through perseverance in the fulfillment of his duties, in gaining the satisfaction of his employers, as also that of the traveling public. The funeral took place on the following day, and was attended by a large and respectable concourse of friends. Directly behind the hearse followed as chief mourners Captain Wm. B. Cobb and officers. Among the pall-bearers was Purser S. A. Beardsley, all uniting to render a just homage to the departed. Being a member of "Lodge of Australia," he was interred with Masonic honors, the members of the sister lodge St. Andrew, in response to an invitation from their R. W. lVI., attending in 1·egalia, taking a prominent part. He leaves a disconsolate wife and three children to mourn the irreparable loss of a fond husband and loving father. WEIGHT.-At Ahuimanu, Koolaupoko, Oahu, WILJ,IAM ,VEIGHT, aged 49 years. Deceased was for many years a resident of this city. He leaves a wife and family to mourn bis loss. The remains was brought to Honolulu, and the funeral took place from the 1·esidence of his Bonin-law, H. Schmidt, Esq. FREEMAN-In Santa Monica, Cal., September 7, 1878, MRS. ELIZABETH FREEMAN, wife of Mr. John F1·eeman, formerly of' this city, aged 67 years. COLEMAN-In this city, on Frida.y, Oct 18th, CHARLES ALFRED CASTLE CoLEIIIAN, only child of C. C. and H. A. Coleman, aged 11 months ancl 16 days. GILL-The Rev. WILLIAM GILL, formerly missionary at Rorotonga, Sonth Pacific, and for nearly twelve years Minister of Rectory, Place Chapel, Woolwich, on the Hth of August, at Camcleu House, Lee Glebe, Blackheath aged sixty-five ycars.-lll'ust1'ated London News. ' 89 the ice would permit; found the natives all along the coast very poor and destitute. July 4th started walrusing; found them very scarce; took 200, making us 225 barrels of oil. July 20th, Francis Fuller, second officer, died with kidney complaint; buried his remains at St Lawrence Bay. August 9th was tit Cape Smith in company with the most of the fleet; all working north as fast as the ice cleared away. On August 2d brig W H Allen was stove and sunk by the ice, near Point Barrow· crew all saved; Captaiu Gilley on board the Onward. August 10th burk Florence was stove and sunk by the ice, near Point Barrow; crew all saved. Up to August 22d but one whale had been seen; bark Mercury struck and lost one. There was plenty of open water to the east of Point Barrow, and ships had been as far as Camden Bay and Return Reef, but finding no wha,1es, had returned to the Point. The following is a report of the fleet, as far as I could find out, up to August 22d: Coral, 3 whales, 500 walrus; Progress, 3 whales, 600 walrus; Rainbow, 8 whales, 200 walrus; Thomas Pope, 850 walrus; Pacific, 2 whales, 700 walrmi; Hunter, 3 whales, 800 walrus; Mount PORT OF HONOLULU. S. I. Wallstou, clean-had saved most of the oil from the Cleone ancl shipped it by the Syren; Helen Mar, 2whales, 400 walrus; Eliza, 1 whale, 600 walrus; John Howland, 1 ARRIVALS. whale, 700 walrus; Northern Light, 900 walrus; Merc1try, 1 whale, 1000 walrus; Dawn, 1 whale, 700 walrus; Sea Sept. 28-Haw schr l\lana, English, 14 dys frm Fanning's Ilt.l Breeze, 3 whales, 800 walrus; Norman, 600 walrus· Abram 29-Ger bk Priscilla, 120 days from MaddraBarker, just arrived, clean; brig Onward, 300 'walrus. 29-Am schr Eustllce, 21 days from San Francisco. Came out th_rough Bheriug Strnits 25th August; have bacl 29-Am 3-mast schr Compeer, from Port Gamble. southerly wmds most of the way down; took the trades in 30-P M S City of New York, Cobb, from Sydney. lat. 32 o north. September 7th spoke schooner Bel la, Oct. 2-French bk Je,a Pierre, 68 d11ys from Hongkong. from Onalaska, bound to St. Paul's. September 17th sig2-Am bk Emmtl'E Beal, Bailey, 21 dys from S Fran. nalled a large English bark standing to the east, in lat. 3-Am schr Loleta, Dexter, from Arctic. 48.55 north, long. 157 .11 west. Bark Legal Tender left 4-Am bk California, from Burrard's Inlet via Hilo. Marcus Bay, August 27th? for San Fro.ncisco in ballast; 4-A.m wh schr U M Ward. Whitney, from Arctic. no cargo; had been to Pomt Barrow. From lat. 320 to 7-Am bktne Grace Robert, Ohleson, 18 days from port have had moderate trades and fine weather. San .l!'rancisco. 8-P M S S Australia, Cargill, 7 days and 8 hours from PASSENGERS. Sao Francisco. 11-Brit sh Pegasu!', Hull, 102 days from Bombay, en FKOJlr FANNING'S ISLAND-Per Mana, Sept 28-W Greig. route for .Panning's Island to load guano. 12-Am bk D C Murray, Frost, 16 dys fm San Fran'co. FoR SAN FRANCISCO-Per City of New York, Sept 3013-Tahitian schr Vivid, Sweet. 9 dys fm Fanuing's Is. T H Davies and son, P Stack, Mrs J H Wilber, 2 children 16-Am schr Joseph Wooley, Comstock, from Guano Is: and servant, Miss S Munson, J Lyons, T Harris, T R 16-A.m Bktne Eureka, Nordberg, 17 days frm Hum- Mellis, Miss A Fuller, Mrs S A Thompson, Mrs E P Adams, 3 children and nurse, Miss Lucy Adams, G W boldt. 20-Am bk Henry Buck, Sormoo, 28 days from Bur- Spaulding, A Maillard, G Fitzgerald, G H Barber, •r H Jones, T B Lougee, F Hander, T F Flynn, Dan Gallagher, rard's lnl .. t. 26-llaw schr Nettie Merrill, Hatfield, 16 days fm S. F. Dr Scott and wife, Peter Gough, J Jones, H Johnson, J W Pfluger, A Janssen, M Dehitz, and 5 Chinese. FROM FUNCHAL-Per Priscilla, Sept 30-M Rodrigues, DEPARTURES. wife and son, A Dia,s and wife, T Alfonso, wife and son, A de Lonza, wife and son, F Rodrigues, wife and 6 chilSept. 29-Peruvian f!h E Dovale, for Callao. 1-P M 8 City of New York, Cobb, for San Francisco. ~dren and servant, M Fernandez and wife, A d'Andrade, Oct. wife and four children, L d'Andrade, wife and three chil8-P MS S Australia, Cargill, for 8ydney. d1·en, T Freitas, wife and three children, T de L Pereita, 8-Haw bk Kalakaua, Jenks, for San l<'rancisco. wife and son, R A Nunes, wife and infant, M Fernandez, 8-Haw bk Mattie Macley, Pope, tor Portlantl. wife and five children, AF de Faria, wife and three chil8-Am scbr Compeer, l:Jerkholm, for Port Townsend. dren, P A Nunes, wife and five children, F Ferera, wife !l-Am bk Garibaldi, Forbes, for Polland. and son, A C Fernandez and son, A A Lucas, wife, sister 9-Am bk Amy Turner, Newell, for Hongkong. and son, P da Camara., A T da Cruz, wife and son, T da S 11-Hark .I ean Pierre, Legasse, for Victoria, B C. Netto, T da S Papetua, A de Freitas, M Rodrigues, L 12-French bk Pierre, L.egarse, for Portland. d'Oliveira, AR Pimenta, F Gomez, J da Camara, J Per14-Brt ship Pei:;asus, Powell, for Fanning's Is. eira, L J Pereira, F Feneira, J Gomez, M Pereira, F da 14-Am bk California, Foster, Victoria, .li C. Camara, J Figuerzo, J R de Monte, J Rodrigues, J Nunes, 19-Am schr .Kustace, Mattlnen, for San Francisco. 19-Am bktne Grace Roberts, Ohlsen, for Port Towns- C Rebella, J F Castroe, A da Costa, V cl' Andrade, J Joa- . quim, J Rodrigues, J E Troes and wit'e, J Gomez, S Corend. rea, L M Gonzaga, M Gonna, F da Camara, A A da Silva, 22-Tahitian schr Vivid, Sweet, fot Fanning's bland. M los Possos, MM Neves, J M Ferreira, Ernest Hutchi24 -Am bktne I<:ureka, Nordberg, for Port Townsend. son, J M de Freitas and wife, A de Nobrega, S H de Sonza, M de Sonza Perry, A Pereira, A Fernandez, A Pereira, M d'Andrade, FL Miner. MEMORANDA. FROM AUSTRALIA-Per City of New York, Sept 30-Miss M J Hines, John O'Connor, Wm Wyatt, JP Johnston, and REPORT OF WHALING AND TRADING SCHR C M WARD,-- 39 in transitu for San F1'ancisco. Left Honolulu April 2d for the Arctic Ocean, and had FROM SANFRANCisco-Per Eustace, Sept 30-J Garrand. good weather to Fox Islands. Went through Segaum FROM HONG KONG-Per Jean Pierre, Oct 2-20 Chinese Straits April 27th, and made the Ice May 2d, lat 37 ° N long 179 ° W; found plenty of ice in Behring Sea. June laborers. 3d got through the ice to, Cnpe Nnverene; saw plenty of FROM SAN FRANCISCO-Per Grace Roberts, Oct 7-L D whales, and captured one; missed one. June 10th an- Hixon, P Buckley, A Wallace, Geo W P11ge, Jos Carion, R chored in Plover Bay ancl saw plenty of whales working Tailor, Mrs White & 2 children, J H Watts and 21 Chinese. towards the Arctic, but could not get one. June 15th SAN FRANCISCO-Per Australia, Oct 7-Mrs Thos were off East Cape. July 14th went in between the ice G FROM Thrum & child, Master Geary, AW Bush, Jos Hyman, and land at Cape Lisborn; pa8sed Icy Cape July 22d. On M Lohse, Terry, SB Dole, Miss Terry, WA Vernon the 25th saw the steam tug commanded by Capt Williams & wife, CMrs Brown, L G Nesmith, M Martin, Geo Lucas, C coming from the southward. Aug 1st were off Point Bel- Lucas, R Cotton & wife, Z S Spalding, wife 3 children, J cher and saw eleven ships coming from south. Aug 7th W Paul, Eliza Kenny, Kenny, G de Witt Fuller, F were off Refuge Inlet; on the 8th anchored off Point Bar- W Danez, Jas Dolan, H Delia Baper, H Fransen, Thos Sherret, row, a,nd layed in there 20 clays; sn,w no whales. The T Chrestley, H Brodreck, T Stuart, Jus Kearns, James F fleet went as far as 25 miles east of Return Reef, and saw Gooman, LA Luelty, GS Cargill, P Tully, J J O'Mabley, nothing there; had seen but three whales up to Aug 28th. W Braidwood, Mrs McKenzie and 94 Chinese. 'l'he brig W I-I Allen and bk Florence were stove IJy ice FOR AUSTRALIA-Per Australia, Oct 8th-Miss M Woods, between Refuge Inlet and Point Barrow, and were sunk total wrecks. Left 15 vessels at anchor at Point Barrow John Chapman, H Robinson, T Pooley, T RPark and F J · and 4 off Cape Smith under way, the 15 could not get any Percival. to the South at thitt time; I come out from Point Barrow H~1~ PonT TOWNSEND-Per Compeer, Oct 8-Captain F between the land ancl ice in 12 feet of water; saw ice again making from half way between Ca.pe Terdze ancl FoR SAN FRANCISCO-Per Kalakaua, Oct S-J W ChrisPoint Hope to the South, head of St Lawrence Bay, topher and J O'Connor. a.cross Behring Straits; worked through the ice to Plover Fon PORTLAND-Per Mattie Maclea,y, Oct 8-Ha.r ry Von Bay, and spoke the schooner, left Plover Bay, Sept 8th for Honolulu; come through 172 Passage Sept 17th, and Holt, J T Johnson and CW Trentlege. made north end of Oahu Oct 4th, after a pleasant passage FOR HONGKONG-Per Amy Turner, Oct 9-A Oliver and down. BENJ WHITNEY. 39 Chinese. REPORT OF SOHR LOLETA, CAPTAIN DEXTER, FROM THE FROM SAN FRANCISCO-Per D C Murray, Oct 12-J W ARCTIC-Sailed from Honolulu March 16th, and steered Wilt,y, lt M Overend, Henry Harland, Wm Hamilton, Ma.ry' to the westward to long. 177.00 east; then took westerly E Abbott, Mrs Smith, Mrs Dillin~barn and two children, Wm and northwesterly winds, which lasted through 72d Butler, Wm Phillips, and 22 Chinese. Passage. Passed through April 26th. On the 29th made FROM HowLAND's IsLAND-Per Joseph Woolley, Oct 15the ice in lat. 57 .50 north, 177 .30 west long. Found plenty of ice. From thence worked to the eastward to St Paul's Capt jJos R Spencer, wife and three children, E Wheeler, Chas Island; then to the north. On May 26th arrived at Plover Hines, John MacWiggins, Gabriel Holmes, and 31 native Bay. Shore all clear of ice. Found the natives very laborers. poor, having cnught no whales or walrus. Had to give FROM HUMBOLDT BAv-Per Eureka, Oct 16-M Steffenson. them qnuntities of bread, as they were in a starving conFoR POR'l' TOWNSEND-Per Grace Roberts, Oct 19-J H dition. On June 2d was at St Lawrence Bay. Buy full of WattH. ice. N1ttives boarded us on the ice; found the natives Fon SAN l<'RANc1sco-Per Eustace, Oct l!l-Captaia Sands here also very poor. June 12th saw quite n good show of whalet;; struck three; lost two by the ice; saved one, ant.I wife, C Eatenhauer. which made 90 barrels of oil. Worked north as fast as ]!'oa }'ANNl?-:0 18 li:,LAND-l'er Vivid, Oct 21-J T Arundel. THE first instance on record where a Chi!he Zealandia took a mail for the nese man has given a collection of books to United States containing 3,600 letters. an American institution. has just occurred in New Haven, where Yung Wing, a grad[ ? S. Broden, of Indianapolis, the only uate of Yale College, has given to the colAmerican boy ever entered in a British lege library a valuable collection of Chinese naval school, on the cadet ship Worcester, books, numbering about 1300 volumes, embracing classical, historical, and poetical has passed his examination, and been award- works, encyclopedias, etc. ed the highest honor given. It was awarded by vote of his brother cadets. He is thus made a midshipman in the British navy. Information ,vanted. I 8 7 8. 90 'l'HE }~RIEND, NOVEMBER, Yellow Fever. BY NATHAN ALLEN, 1\1:, D., LOWELL, MASS, The origin of this fever is traced to the West Indies, and it breaks out at times violently in the southern parts of the United States. As this disease is now prevailing in a most malignant form at the South, it is well to have some definite knowledge of its nature and character. 1878. -========================================== many JAPAN. - We rejoice, from so sources, to learn of the progress of civilization, educat10n and Christianity in Japan. We copy the following from a private letter received by a late mail from Mrs. Hepburn, wife of Dr. Hepburn, who has been laboring so successfully for many years at Yokohama, under the auspices of the Presbyterian Board of Missions: " He (Dr. H.) hopes hi& health may be spared to finish the New Testament translation. Another eighteen months will suffice for that. Christianity is taking deep root in Japan. Had I time, I could tell you many facts to show that the Christian church has great encouragement to press forward in the work she has begun, of giving the gospel to this people. In our ·ssion alone (Am. Pres.) we have eight; organized churches. 1 do not remember the number of members, but about 500, connected with these. Our Sabbath-school and Bible Classes are doing a good work. The Theological School has twenty-six or twenty-Eeven young men in it. Perhaps you know the Scotch and American Presbyterians and the Dutch Reformed formed a Union Presbytery, about a year ago. This school is under the care of this United Presbytery. Gre'at and marvellous have been the changes in this land since we came here, nineteen years ago. We often exclaim, • Lo, what hath God wrought.' How has one barrier after another, which &eem".ld to human view insurmountable, been re• moved." Our correspondent adds, ''We had the pleasure of having Miss Bird as our guest when she first arrived in Japan." Subsequently Miss Bird left for a tour through the 'Island of Yesso, and expected to visit the Ainos. About the middle of September she was expected to return, and would travel through the southern part of Japan. For a sketch of the Ainos, see the FRIEND for November, 1871. The name of the fever is de.rived from the fact that the riisease changes very qaickly the skin to a sallow or yellowish color. No other disease produces such sudden and powerful changes in the human body, showing that it is a most virulent poison. Formerly different opinions prevalled as to the nature and origin of this poison; but the general verdict now of the best judges, is that the disease is caused by a specific living miasm or gei·m, which is capable, under certain conditions, of rapid self-multiplication, and spreads in every direction. It is not a contageous disease, like measles or scarlet fever, and cannot be communicated by the breath or emanations from the body living or dead. These "germs," or the seeds of the disease, are "exotic"-are imported-and may lie in o. dormant state for months or years, in walls, in floors, in furniture, in clothing, or in the ground; but, under certain conditions, may generate the most fatal poison. These conditions are a high temperature, moist atmosphere, filth, decaying vegetables and animal matter, and in localities where there is great want of drainage and sewerage. The disease breaks out generally in sea-ports connected with shipping, or in citieR and villages along the water courses; but seldom prevails in rural districtR or the PROHIBITION IN MA~NE.-The Portland country, and never upon high ground nor in Adve' rtiser prints the following important a cold climate. It starts sometimes in June testimony concerning the ,working of the and July, and begins to decline by the midprohibatory liquor law in that State: dle of September or first of October, on the "Count Guipenberg, during a recent visit approach of frosts and cool weather. of Attorney General Emery to the Cirnbria (the Russian ship in Southwest Harbor, A PLEASANT RoMANCE.-The Republican Maine), said: is responsible for the following story, which "• We are very much pleased indeed the knowing ones say refers to Rev. and with the workings of your Maine law. We Mrs. J. L. Fowle (formerly Carrie Farns- never saw or heard of anything so wonderworth ) who sa1led for Turkey last week: ful. Why, we send our men on shore with graduate of Amherst College and An- the utmost freedom, and thev are orderly dov& Theological Seminary, having devoted and well-behaved; they make· friends with himself to the missionary work and been as- the natives and come back to us at night all sio-ned to a mission on India 's coral strand, no-ht. We are glad to have them go on w;s looking around for a congenial compan- shore, for the exercises and recreation they ion, for the American Board don't like to obtain there are very much to their advansend single young men to heathen lands, tage. Now, if liquor were sold we should when he met the daughter of a Turkish be obliged to keep them on board a_ll th_e missionary, and the two fell in love almost time, otherwise they would become rntox1at first sight. In a week they were engaged, cated, get into trouble among themselves now they are married, and such has been and with the inhabitants, destroy . property, the gentle maiden '~ influence that what is insult your people, and make them all their Southern India's loss will be Central Tur- enemies. Oh ! I assure you we are very key's gain."-Bostou, Goug1·egationalist. much pleased with your Maine law." "A AUTHOR OF "PEEP oF DAY."-We hi.,ve intelligence from England of the 'death of Mrs. Favell Lee Mortimer, author of "The Peep of Day" series of books for children, which have had an immense circulation, and which are unrivalled in simplicity and interest for youthful minds. The following is a list of her works: "Peep of Day;'' '' Line upon Line;" "Precept upon Precept;" "Light in the Dwelling;" "Near Home; or, the Countries of Europe Described;" " Far Off; or, Asia and Australia Described;" "The English Mother;" " The N1ght of Toil;" " Here a Little and There a Little," and "Reading Without Tears." Of the first of these volumes it was announced, some years ago, that over 400,000 copies of 1t had been sold, and of all more than 1,250,000 copies. An Enghsh paper, in announcing her death, says: "She had, perhaps, more juvenile readers than any other contemporary author." She was the widow of Rev. Thomas Mortimer, and sister of the eminent London ba ker, Mr. R. C. Bevan. She died at Runton, near Cromer, aged seventy-six years.-New York Obser- ver, Sept. 12. MISSIONARIES FOR CHINA AND JAPAN.Twenty-five Missionaries, including wives, left this city on the steamer City of Peking, last Tuesday, for Japan, China and Siam. Four denominations-Congregational, Presbyterian, Methodist and Baptist-we understand to have been repre!:'ented in the company; and the two countries of America and Scotland. One of the number-Rev. Dr. Davis, lately pastor of the Congregational Church in Granby, Mass. -preached at Plymouth Avenue Church last Sunday morning; aod another-Dr. Gordon, at the First Church, Oakland. On Monday evening a farewell meeting was held at Calvary Church, in this city, at which Dr. Scott presided, and Messrs. Gordon, Wilson of the Laos Mission in Siam, and Duffus from Scotland, on his way to Swatow, China, made addresses."-Pacific, Oct. 3d. Ult is a noteworthy fact that the Rev. Dr. Legge, a venerable Missionary of the London Missionary Society, should have been appointed Professor of Chinese in Cambridge University, England, and Dr. S. W. Williams, LL.D., should have received a similar appointment at Yale College, New Haven. These distinguished Chinese scholars are of the highest authority in all matters relating to China-its history and literature. Both the British and American Governments are more indebted to these two gentl emen for aid in translations of public documents than to any other men who have gone from England and America to China. I 8 7 8. 'f 8 E FRIEND, NOVEMBER~ Places of Worship. ADVE1', TISEME1\TTS. P--EAMEN's BETHEL--Rev. S. C. Damon, Chaplain, King str et, near the Sailors 1 Home. Preaching at 11 A. M. Seats free. Sabbath School before the morning service. Prayer meeting on Wednesday evenings at 7k o'clock. · DRS. T. P, &: C, L, TISDALE, FORT STREET CHURCH--Rev. W. Frear, Pastor, corner of Fort and Beretania streets. Preaching on Sundays at 11 A, M. and 7~ P. M. Sabbath School at 10 A. M. KAWAIAHAO CHURCH--Rev. H. H. Parker, Pastor, King street, above the Palace. Services in Hawaiian every Sunday at 11 A. M. Sabbath scl10ol at 10 A. l\f. Evening services at 7& o'clocic. alternating with Kaumakapili. District meetings in various chapels at 3.30 P. l\l. Prayer meeting eve1·y Wednt>sday at 7~ P. M. IIOMEOPATHISTS. SAILORS' ID" One of the ·noctors may be found in the office at all times. Professional calls will receive prompt attention both night mh30 and day. J• L. HANCHETTE, Pia11o•}"'orte Tuner Repairer, &, (For many years connected with Chickering & Sons.) ltJ" Orders left at the Sailors' Home or Whitney & Robertson's Bookstore. J• M. DAVIDSON, A uorney at Law. Dealers in Lumber and Building Materials, Fort Street, Honolulu, H. I. E. H O F F M _\. N N , C. & CO•, Honolulu, Oatiu. H. I. (Successors to H. M. Whitney), KEEP A. FINE ASSORTMENT OF Fire-Proof Store, in Robinson's Building, Queen Street. Importers and Dealers in Foreign Books, JOHN MASTERS VISITING THIS PORT SHIP during the !ai11t Six Years can testify from personal expel'itmce that the .undersig11ed keep the best assortment of Can be consulted at his residence on Hotel street, between Alakea and Fort streets. GOODSFORTRADE .A. THE NATIONAL GOLD l\lEDJ.L 1 l'or the Best PhotograJ>hs in the Unlted States 1 OFFICE·OF IIRADLEY & RULOFSON•s ART GALLERY No. 429 Montgomer.v street, San. Fra:n.oi.soe>. ·io- ·v~1i1 a.re cordially invited to an inspection of our immense coliection of Photograplts, Drawings, Celebrities, Stereoscopic Views, avd Landscape Views of the wbole l'acifi.c Coast. STATIONERY D., P UBLISHERS OF BOOK, PEIRCE & CO., (Succesors to C. L. Richards & Co.) Auel Perry Dn.vi!!I' Pain Killer. No. 1 Merchant Street, • • • Honolulu. ACKAGES OF READING MATTER-OF and Magazines, back numbers-put up to order P Papers reduced rates for parties going to sea. ly at A.. L. Silll'I,11, IMPORTER & DEALER IN JEWELRY, King's Combination Spectacles, Glass and dated Ware, Sewing Machines, Picture Frames, Vases, Brackets, etc. etc. No. 73, Fort St. [ly] TERMS STRICTLY CASH Bound Volumes at Reduced Price ! 1[1.i.TE WILL FURNISH BOUND VOLUMES TT bf the Friend at one dollar per ann11111 (subscription price $21, for any nuwbe1· of years from 1862 to t'he present time. IJJ Adding the cost of binding. THE HAWAIIAN GUIDE OTHER BOOKS ON THE ISLANDS. H THOS. C. THRUM, STATIONERY AND NEWS DEPOT, PERIODICALS. ALSO, ON RAND, Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaiian Islands. Agents Pnnloa Salt Works, B1·and's Bomb Lances, &, Ja.rves' History of the Hawaiian Islands, Hawaiian Phrage Book, Hawaiian Grammar, Andrews' Hawaiian Grammar, Hawaiian Dictionary, Cha.rt of the Hawaiian Islands. W. AND THE VIENNA MEDAL ! For the Best in the World ! M. Ship Chandlers and General Commission Merchants, HE FIRST PREMIUM GOLD MEDAL was awarded at the Industrial Exhibition, 1876, to ;For the best Photographs&. Crayons in San Franelsco McGREW, Late Surgeon U.S. Army, DILLINGHAM & CO. BRADLEY & RULOFSON ! S. tf J. W, ROBERTSON WHITNEY & ROBERTSON, G,oods Suitable for Trade. T The Kohala Sugar Company, The Haiku Sugar Company, 'fhe Hamakua Sugar Company, The Waiaiua. Sugar Plantation, The Wheeler & Wilson Sewing Machine Company, Dr. Jayne & Sons Celebrated .Family Medicines. A.DA.MS. Jl.uction and Commission Merchant, TO THE PUBLIC! GENERAL . MERCHANDISE! H, E, WHITNEY Nos. 95 and 97 King Street, Kingdom. UIPORTERS AND DEALERS IN Packets, New England Mutual Life Insurance Company, '1 The Union Marine Insurance Company, San Francisco, Commission and Shipping Merchants, P. CASTLE. & COOKE, -,HE REGULAR PORTLAND LINE OF Physician and Surgeon, BREWER ED. DUNSCOMBE, Manager. IIonlnln, January 1. 1875. -.tl.GENTSOF- D ., M. Corner Merchant ~nd Kaahumaau Streets, near the Post Office DILLINGHAM & CO., -E. And 8eU Cke~er than any other Bouse in the. • OFFICE AND RES• \V. N:DTICE TO SHIP MASTERS. ' HOME IDENCE Beretaoia Street, between Fort Street Church and Queen Emma's. ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH--Under the charge of Office over Mr. Whitm,y's Book-store, formerly occupied by Rt. Rev. Bishop Maigret, assisted by Rev. Pather Judge Austin. Honolulu, H. I. de-1876 Hermann ; Fort street. near Beretania. Services every Sunday at 10 A. M. and 2 P. M. G. IRWIN &, CO•• KAUMAKAPILI CHURCH--Rev. M. Kuaea, Pastor, Commission Merchants, Beretania street, near N11uat111. Services in HaPlantation and Insurance Agents, Honolulu, H. I. waiian every Sunday at 10½ A. M. Sabbath school at 9& A. M. Evening services at 7& o'clock. altet·· DICKSON, nating with Kawaiahao. Prayer meeting every & Wednesday at 7~ P. M. THE ANGLICAN CHURCII--Bisbop. the Rt. Rev. Alfred Willis, D. D.; Clergy. Rev. Rob't Dunn, M.A., Rev. Alex. Mackintosh, St. Andrew's Temporary Cathedral, Beretania street. opposite the Hotel. English services on Sundays at 6½ and 11 .A. ~1., and 2½ and 7½ P. l\l. Sunday School at the Clergy House at 10 A.. M. SI BISHOP & CO,, BANKERS, ONOLULU, HAWAIIAN ISLANDS. DRAW EXCHANGE ON THE BANK OF CALIFORNIA., SAN FRANCISCO, - A'ND THEIR AGENTS IN - New 1'ork, Bosto11, Pa1•18, A11cldn11d. THE ORI»i.UAL B!NK CORPORATION, LONDON, - AND THEIR BRANCHES IN - Ho11,iko •a1h Syd11ey, and Melbourne. And Transact a Genetal Banking Business. ap20 ly " THE FRIEND," A Tempe1·ance, Seamen, Marine and Ge11eral Jntelligence MONTHL\~ ,JOURNAL DEVOTED TO PUBLISHED AND EDITED BY SAMUEL 0. DAMON. TERMS: One Copy per annum ................................. $2.00 Two Copies per annum .•••.•••••••.•••••••••••••••.••• 3.00 }'ore!gu Subl!'1fibers, including postage .. . ...... , ••••••.• 2. 6() lonng ilm's QtYristian ~ssotiation of l!Jonolnln. Pure religion and undefiled bejo1·e God, the Father, is this: To visit thefatherless and widows in their ajfiiction, and to keep one's self unspottedjrom the world. Edited by a Committee of the Y. M. C. A. I Geneva, W. Edwyn Shipton of London, children_ t~at most need instruction in moral Sue Dorian of Paris; Christian Klug of and rehg10us truth, will get nothing. If Elberfeld, Germany; Francisco Albricias of the~. our public schools .s~all become reHeavenly City. d R" d C M crmtmg places for the pilP and pris·ons · M ontserrat, S parn; 1char . orse of mh BY REV. ELI CORWIN, n. D. . an . .. ose f:au lt w1-11 1•t be ?. L ater.-Th e te Ie-' N ew York. It 1s stated that the subject of gram reports the election of the officers 0 city of the pearly gates Bible-readmgs elicited special attention and favoring the Bible, by a vote of four to one." And of the stt·eets of gold; very animated discussion. The interest of -Advance. Whose very walls are precious stones Of weight and worth untold: the delegates generally in the more thorough o:::? The following is from a tribute to the study of the Word of God, and. the more When may the poorest sinner share Those riches manifold? prominent instrumeutal use of it in realizing late Prof. Raymond: the aims of the Associations, appears to have A sentence, from one of his chapel ser0 righteous city of the sun. Where yet no sun doth shine; amounted to an enthusiasm. Providentially monS, is wor th y of quotation, not only as Irradient with the glory beams; considered, the occasion for the formation of beautiful in itself, but also as the expression A luster all divine: Young Men's Christian Associations was of hi 3 own guiding principle. He said : When shall these waiting eyes behold due to the fact that the churches were '' When you can, e blind to the faults of That living light ot lbine ? neglecting and ignoring tlieir work. another; and when yo'u can no longer be 0 tearless realms, where sorrows cease, Whether or not the churches could do the bli nd ' be dumb." Nor pains nor partings come: Power without ambition, consecration work as well, they are not doing the work Where fiercest storms are bushed to peace; which it falls specially to the Associations wilbout bigotry, en th usiasm without fanatiAll angry voices dumb: to undertake. With perhaps some faults cism, gentleness without timidity, perseverWhen shall these weary feet find rest, of manner and methods, it is a grand place ance without combativeness, dignity without In that eternal home? which they fill in the current agencies for pomp, mirth without frivolity, versatility popular evangelization. Mr. K. A. Burnell, . wh;hout diss;pation of energy, candor without 0 sinless city of the pure: Where nothing can abide whose interesting letters '' round the world," uncertainty and piety without cant,-is it b any wonder that features like these comThat taints or tarnishes the soul; .have een appearing in th is paper, was bined cannot be drawn to the life? A man Nor aught of evil hide: present.-A.dvance. of such endowment and such culture, if he When shall I reach my blest abode had turned it all to personal ends, woald Among the sanctified ? UThe following is a different view from have been recognized as great. Is his greatthat taken by the correspondent of the Ad- ness any the less because he lived for others, U At the last meeting of the Honoluln and chose that which is most celebrated of vertiser: Y. M. C. A., it was decided to assist Sit all? But we need not complain of even his " The ' Secularization of Schools' is a earthly reward. His fame, like the fame of Moon in returning to this country and to his labors here for his countrymen. Also to popular ph~ase just now. We do not be- Arnold of Rugby, will live and grow through begin anew the prayer meeting for young lieve in it. The action under this rule generations of those to whom, and to whose fathers and mothers, he was stron<Y guardian, 0 people. It is held now every Sunday even- which claims to be liberal, broad, ecumenical, wise guide, dear friend. ing in the Lecture-room of Fort-street is essentially heathen. It means, if it means Church at a quarter before 7, continuing anything, that relig1on has no place in our lJ7' A very grave question before our till just before the beginning of the regular more elementary schools. The question churches, and one which ought to engage was before the people of New Haven again evening service. serious attention, relates to the observance of last Monday. The endeavor was to elect the Sabbath. In many and most of our New UThe recent International Y. M. C. A. officers who will restore the reading of Seri p- England cities and towns there seems to Conference, held at Geneva, Switzerland, ture (or some religious exercises) ~hich was have been decided improvement during the was the eighth triennial gathering of this abolished last year. '!'here may be practical last four or five years. But in some quarnoble organization. There were present in difficulties, but they can all ·be adjusted on ters matters have grown worse rather than • all about two hundred and fifty delegates, the principle that education should be based better. Never before were so many steamboat excursions advertised in our daily newsrepresenting eleven different nations. Of upon the threefold nature of the child --phys- papers as this summer; and increasing numical, mental and moral. Anything less than the two thousand Associations, about onebers take the day for shorter and longer half are in this country. Nowhere else has this is one-sided and erroneous. It may go trips into the country. At certain seaside this aggressive and progressive enterprise on without any disastrous results for a cer- resorts Sunday is the great day of the week. been so notable. Mr. George Williams, a tain period where most of the children be- ~rowds ~re landed by the boats, and the day 1s anythmg but orderly and quiet. How wealthy, benevolent business man of Lon- long to church-going families, but it is rad- many professing Christians are among them don, is regarded as the originator of this ically wrong. Better by far adopt the prac- it would not be·easy to guess, but we happen particular form of associated Christian effort. tice at Springfield, Mass., where the reading to know that there are more than there Mr. Williams was present at the Geneva of the Bible is con tinned, but the Catholics should be, and that whatever physical beneConference. The papers read, written in use the Duoay edition. The moral and fit may be secured is at the sacrifice of something far better. There can be no German, French and English, were each spiritual nature of the child should be dis- question that camp-meeting associations are previously translate'd into the other lan- tinctly recognized by the school authorities largely responsible for the multiplication of guages and printed for distribution among and the teacher. Yield one iota to the Sunday railroad trains, and so for that <Yenthe delegates. A Central International Com- secularization theory, and you must logical- eral Sabbath desecration of which wt are mittee was appointed to prepare the pro- ly, and soon practically, eliminate every speaking. The rPcent decision, on the part allus10n to God and duty from all your text- of one or two of these, that hereafter meetgramme of topics and e~e~cises for the next books; teachers will ~u~~urn,b to the general ings shall commence on Monday and close meeting, which wiH be held in London. drift and abstain from incµlcating !l~ything on Saturday is taking not a day too soon.This Committee consists of Mr. Ferman of touching the deeper wants of the soul; ~nr.t American Exchange. .
|Contributors||Damon, Samuel Chenery, 1815-1885|
|Scanning Technician||Kepler Sticka-Jones|
|Metadata Cataloger||Ken Rockwell|
|Call Number||AN2.H5 F7; Record ID 9928996630102001|