Dioxin Emissions From Incineration Processes: Role of Feedstock Constituents

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Title Dioxin Emissions From Incineration Processes: Role of Feedstock Constituents
Creator Magee, R. S.; Cesmebasi, E.
Publisher Digitized by J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah
Date 1987
Spatial Coverage presented at Palm Springs, California
Abstract It has been suggested that a reduction of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) emissions can be based on an overall strategy of lowering the chlorine content of the municipal solid waste (MSW) by separating chlorinated plastics, e.g. PVC, and if necessary, sodium chloride, from the refuse. This suggestion originates from one of the proposed theories for the occurence of PCDDs and PCDFs in municipal incinerators which hypothesizes that these trace organic compounds are formed from unrelated materials under specific conditions (de novo synthesis). This paper will review the theoretical basis of this formation hypothesis and examine experimental data from recent studies, e.g., Environment Canada study at Prince Edward Island (PEl), New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) coordinated study at Pittsfield, Massachusetts, as well as an earlier laboratory study by Karasek. Data from these studies indicate that there is no correlation between PCDD/PCDF emissions and refuse chlorine content. It is concluded that the separation of PVC and other plastics from refuse will not significantly reduce PCDD/PCDF emissions. This can be achieved most effectively by promoting good combustion through proper incinerator design and operating conditions, and employing state-of-the-art air pollution control systems.
Type Text
Format application/pdf
Language eng
Rights This material may be protected by copyright. Permission required for use in any form. For further information please contact the American Flame Research Committee.
Conversion Specifications Original scanned with Canon EOS-1Ds Mark II, 16.7 megapixel digital camera and saved as 400 ppi uncompressed TIFF, 16 bit depth.
Scanning Technician Cliodhna Davis
ARK ark:/87278/s6t72m0k
Setname uu_afrc
ID 3963
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6t72m0k