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Title The Bandit Invincible: The Story of the Outlaw Butch Cassidy
Subject Criminals; History
Spatial Coverage Wayne County (Utah); Wyoming
Personal Names Cassidy, Butch (1866-?); Sundance Kid; Logan, Harvey
Description Historical account of Butch Cassidy's exploits
Creator Phillips, William T.
Publisher Rocky Mountain House Press
Contributors Dullenty, Jim; Baker, Pearl
Date Digital 2004-07-09
Date 1986
Type Text
Format application/pdf
Format Creation Scanned at 400ppi on an Epson Expression 1630XL flatbed scanner. Files saved as uncompressed TIFF and re-sized to JPEG using PhotoShop CS.
Source Original booklet: The Bandit Invincible: The Story of the Outlaw Butch Cassidy
Language eng
Rights Management Digital image copyright 2004, Green River Public Library. All rights reserved.
Holding Institution Green River Public Library, 85 South Long St., Green River, UT 84525
Source Physical Dimensions 66 p. : ill., ports. ; 30 cm.
Scanning Technician Nima Rakhsha
Metadata Cataloger Denice Hoffman
ARK ark:/87278/s6t43szj
Setname gr_pbb
Date Created 2005-03-18
Date Modified 2005-03-18
ID 317865
Reference URL

Page Metadata

Description INTRODUCTION Did Butch Cassidy write his autobiography? If you believe that William T. Phillips was Butch Cassidy, then he did. But if Phillips was not Cassidy, then we have no known autobiography. However, enough of Cassidy's letters have been found to disclose much about the man in his own words. What we know from those letters does not conflict with the Phillips' biography, but obviously some of the Phillips' story is not true. Bill Phillips, if he was not Cassidy, is a mystery. He said on application forms for the Elks and Masonic lodges in Spokane, Washington, that he was born in Sandusky, Michigan, to Celia Mudge and Laddie Phillips. I spent years re- searching this "background" and have concluded it is fabricated. I found a Celia Mudge near Sandusky (so Phillips had some familiarity with this area). But Celia never had a son named Bill and, in fact, if he was born when he said he was on those lodge applications (1865*), she was but twelve years old, unmar- ried and unlikely to have been his mother. I never found a Laddie Phillips near Sandusky. No one named Phillips was married to Celia Mudge, so if Bill was their son, he was illegitimate. The only other clue as to his origins comes from a neice of his wife's in northern Ohio. She remembers his visits to her mother. She and her brother said Uncle Billy, as they called him, told the family he was raised by Indians in Canada. On trips to the East he would leave saying he plan- ned to visit his relatives in Canada, but they never accompanied him on such visits and no record of Phillips' birth in Canada has been found. The earliest known record of Bill Phillips is a May 14, 1908, marriage cer- tificate in the Lenawee County Courthouse in Adrian, Michigan. His bride was Gertrude Livesay of Adrian and nearby Morenci. Her family genealogy has been well researched but it reveals no answers to how, where or why she met Bill Phil- lips. Her neice recalled that Bill courted Gertrude before the marriage, but she did not know how long. If Phillips was Cassidy, it had to be one of the quickest courtships on record because the last known letter of Cassidy's was written on Feb. 16, 1908, at Tres Cruces, Argentina. There is no indication in it he is about to depart South America. So there was not much time for him to have left there, make his way to the United States, thence to Michigan and to marry the Michigan woman. And if one of the letters said to be Cassidy's which recently was discovered is actually a Cassidy letter, then Phillips was not Cassidy because it was written in South America in 1910, long after records begin appearing of Phillips' activities in this country. But the authenticity of the last letter has not been confirmed. It is not possible to say whether Phillips was Cassidy. A tremendous amount of research has yet to be done. It may never be settled satisfactorily. And as long as there is a possibility that Phillips was Cassidy, his biography of Cassidy is worthy of attention. As we shall see, it discloses some things about the outlaw which had not been known before but which have since been confirmed. But it is also very confused about certain aspects of Cassidy1s life. Was this done on purpose? Was it simply out of ignorance? Rather than recount the evi- dence supporting the contention that Phillips was Cassidy, the reader is refer- red to In Search of Butch Cassidy, by Larry Pointer, 1977, still available from the University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, for $12.95. This book, using much of the material I uncovered in the 1970s, concludes that Phillips was Cassidy. In the 1970s, I concluded that the two men were probably the same although I never was as sure as Pointer. Reconsidering the evidence we had then and what has surfaced since, including the newly discovered Cassidy letters (see "Reveal- ing Letters of Butch Cassidy," by Jim Dullenty and Steve Lacy, Old West magazine, Winter 1984), I am inclined to think the two were not the same. But the jury is out. "Robert LeRoy Parker (Butch Cassidy) was born on April 13, 1866, in Utah. -3-
Format application/pdf
Source Original booklet: Pearl Baker: Interviewed by John McFarlane
Setname gr_pbb
Date Created 2005-03-18
Date Modified 2005-03-18
ID 317801
Reference URL