The Effects of Fuel Jet Precession on the Global Properties and Emissions of Free Turbulent Jet Flames

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Title The Effects of Fuel Jet Precession on the Global Properties and Emissions of Free Turbulent Jet Flames
Creator Nathan, G. J.; Bandaru, R. V.; Turns, S. R.
Publisher Digitized by J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah
Date 1995
Spatial Coverage presented at Monterey, California
Abstract An investigation was conducted to characterize the shape and size, the global radiation, and the CO and NOx emissions of precessing jet flames and compare these results with conventional , free, turbulent, jet diffusion flames. Jet precession was accomplished using a mechanically-rotated nozzle. Parameters varied include nozzle diameter, jet deflection angle, initial jet velocity (Reynolds number), dimensionless precession frequency (Strouhal number), and fuel type. Measured quantities included visible flame dimensions; NOx, N02, and CO emissions; and radiant heat flux. Results of these experiments showed that two broad regimes of flame type exist for precessing jet flames. For precession Strouhal numbers (Stp) less than about 0.01, flames are non-luminous and, in comparison with conventionaI flames, are short and broad. For Stp > 0.03, flames are highly luminous, and of a shape which is between that of a conventional jet flame and the low-Stp flame. In general, radiant fractions increase with precession Strouhal number. High N02-to-NOx ratios result for flames operating in the low-Stp regime. Concomitantly, CO emissions are relatively high in this regime. At higher Strouhal numbers, both NO2-to-NOx ratios and CO emission indices fall and approach 'the values typical of conventional jet flames. NOx emission indices are influenced by jet precession and found to be functions of precession Strouhal number, nozzle size, fuel type, and jet deflection angle. NOx emission indices are found to be somewhat lower than those of conventional jet flames, with the largest reduction being approximately 25%. Jet precession also causes a significant reduction in liftoff height relative to a conventional jet flame. This result is thought to be a consequence of the unique character of the flow field in the near-nozzle region of the precessing jet flames.
Type Text
Format application/pdf
Language eng
Rights This material may be protected by copyright. Permission required for use in any form. For further information please contact the American Flame Research Committee.
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Setname uu_afrc
ID 8504
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