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TitleDescriptionSubjectCollection
76 Coordination Exam: Abnormal Examples: Toe-to-finger (includes Spanish audio & captions)Same as finger-to-nose except for the lower extremities. For both the upper and lower extremities, it is important to always compare right versus left. NeuroLogic Exam has been supported by a grant from the Slice of Life Development Fund at the University of Utah, the Department of Pediatrics and th...Coordination Examination; Toe-to-finger TestNeuroLogic Exam: An Anatomical Approach
77 Cranial Nerve Exam: Abnormal Examples: Cranial Nerve 5 - MotorThe first patient shown has weakness of the pterygoids and the jaw deviates towards the side of the weakness. The second patient shown has a positive jaw jerk which indicates an upper motor lesion affecting the 5th cranial nerve. Video courtesy of Alejandro Stern, Stern Foundation. NeuroLogic Exam h...Cranial Nerve ExaminationNeuroLogic Exam: An Anatomical Approach
78 Cranial Nerve Exam: Abnormal Examples: Cranial Nerve 8 - Auditory Acuity, Weber & Rinne Tests (x2)This patient has decreased hearing acuity of the right ear. The Weber test lateralizes to the right ear and bone conduction is greater than air conduction on the right. He has a conductive hearing loss. NeuroLogic Exam has been supported by a grant from the Slice of Life Development Fund at the Univ...Cranial Nerve Examination; Weber Test; Rinne TestNeuroLogic Exam: An Anatomical Approach
79 Cranial Nerve Exam: Abnormal Examples: Cranial Nerves 3, 4 & 6 - VersionsThe first patient shown has incomplete abduction of her left eye from a 6th nerve palsy. The second patient has a left 3rd nerve palsy resulting in ptosis, dilated pupil, limited adduction, elevation, and depression of the left eye. NeuroLogic Exam has been supported by a grant from the Slice of Lif...Cranial Nerve ExaminationNeuroLogic Exam: An Anatomical Approach
80 Coordination Exam: Anatomy: Subdivisions of the Cerebellum (x2) (includes Spanish audio & captions)The cerebellum has 3 functional subdivisions, which function as feedback and feed forward systems. NeuroLogic Exam has been supported by a grant from the Slice of Life Development Fund at the University of Utah, the Department of Pediatrics and the Office of Education at the University of Nebraska M...Coordination ExaminationNeuroLogic Exam: An Anatomical Approach
81 Coordination Exam: Normal Exam: Tandem Gait (includes Spanish audio & captions)The patient is asked to walk heel-to-toe. Note steadiness. Tandem gait requires the patient to narrow the station and maintain balance over a 4-5 inch width. Patients with midline ataxias have difficulty with tandem gait. NeuroLogic Exam has been supported by a grant from the Slice of Life Developme...Coordination Examination; Tandem Gait; Heel-toe GaitNeuroLogic Exam: An Anatomical Approach
82 Cranial Nerve Exam: Abnormal Examples: Cranial Nerve 2 - Visual FieldsThe patient's visual fields are being tested with gross confrontation. A right sided visual field deficit for both eyes is shown. This is a right hemianopia from a lesion behind the optic chiasm involving the left optic tract, radiation or striate cortex. NeuroLogic Exam has been supported by a gran...Cranial Nerve ExaminationNeuroLogic Exam: An Anatomical Approach
83 Coordination Exam: Normal Exam: Heel-to-shin (includes Spanish audio & captions)The patient places her heel on the opposite knee then runs the heel down the shin to the ankle and back to the knee in a smooth coordinated fashion. NeuroLogic Exam has been supported by a grant from the Slice of Life Development Fund at the University of Utah, the Department of Pediatrics and the O...Coordination Examination; Heel-shin TestNeuroLogic Exam: An Anatomical Approach
84 Coordination Exam: Anatomy: Cerebrocerebellum (x2) (includes Spanish audio & captions)The 3rd subdivision of the cerebellum is the cerebrocerebellum. This system consists of connections from the cerebral cortex (predominantly motor) to the cerebellar hemispheres then back to the cerebral cortex. This system is important in motor planning. Dysfunction of the cerebellar hemispheres res...Coordination ExaminationNeuroLogic Exam: An Anatomical Approach
85 Cranial Nerve Exam: Abnormal Examples: Optokinetic Nystagmus (x2)This patient has poor optokinetic nystagmus when the tape is moved to the right or left. The patient lacks the input from the parietal-occipital gaze centers to initiate smooth pursuit movements therefore her visual tracking of the objects on the tape is inconsistent and erratic. Patients who have a...Cranial Nerve ExaminationNeuroLogic Exam: An Anatomical Approach
86 Coordination Exam: Abnormal Examples: Speech - Rapid Alternating Movements - Dysarthria (includes Spanish audio & captions)Impaired speech articulation of cerebellar origin is characterized by being slow, indistinct, and scanning (scanning refers to decomposition of words into monosyllabic parts and loss of normal phrasing and intonation). NeuroLogic Exam has been supported by a grant from the Slice of Life Development ...Coordination ExaminationNeuroLogic Exam: An Anatomical Approach
87 Cranial Nerve Exam: Abnormal Examples: Cranial Nerves 3, 4 & 6 - Inspection & Ocular Alignment (x2)This patient with ocular myasthenia gravis has bilateral ptosis, left greater then right. There is also ocular misalignment because of weakness of the eye muscles especially of the left eye. Note the reflection of the light source doesn't fall on the same location of each eyeball. NeuroLogic Exam ha...Cranial Nerve ExaminationNeuroLogic Exam: An Anatomical Approach
88 Coordination Exam: Normal Exam: Finger-to-nose (x2) (includes Spanish audio & captions)The patient moves her pointer finger from her nose to the examiner's finger as the examiner moves his finger to new positions and tests accuracy at the furthest outreach of the arm. NeuroLogic Exam has been supported by a grant from the Slice of Life Development Fund at the University of Utah, th...Coordination Examination; Finger-to-nose TestNeuroLogic Exam: An Anatomical Approach
89 Coordination Exam: Normal Exam: Check Reflex (includes Spanish audio & captions)Examiner pulls on actively flexed arm then suddenly releases. The patient should be able to check or stop the arm's movement when released. NeuroLogic Exam has been supported by a grant from the Slice of Life Development Fund at the University of Utah, the Department of Pediatrics and the Office of ...Coordination Examination; Check ReflexNeuroLogic Exam: An Anatomical Approach
90 Coordination Exam: Abnormal Examples: Finger-to-nose (x2) (includes Spanish audio & captions)Under (hypometria) and over (hypermetria) shooting of a target (dysmetria) and the decomposition of movement (the breakdown of the movement into its parts with impaired timing and integration of muscle activity) are seen with appendicular ataxia. NeuroLogic Exam has been supported by a grant from th...Coordination Examination; Finger-to-nose TestNeuroLogic Exam: An Anatomical Approach
91 Coordination Exam: Anatomy: Vestibulocerebellum (includes Spanish audio & captions)The first subdivision of the cerebellum is the vestibulocerebellum. This consists of the connections between the vestibular system and the flocculonodular lobe. Dysfunction of this system results in nystagmus, truncal instability (titubation), and truncal ataxia. NeuroLogic Exam has been supported b...Coordination Examination; Flocculonodular Lobe; VestibulocerebellumNeuroLogic Exam: An Anatomical Approach
92 Cranial Nerve Exam: Abnormal Examples: Cranial Nerve 5 - Sensory (x2)There is a sensory deficit for both light touch and pain on the left side of the face for all divisions of the 5th nerve. Note that the deficit is first recognized just to the left of the midline and not exactly at the midline. Patients with psychogenic sensory loss often identify the sensory change...Cranial Nerve ExaminationNeuroLogic Exam: An Anatomical Approach
93 Cranial Nerve Exam: Abnormal Examples: Cranial Nerve 5 - SensoryThere is a sensory deficit for both light touch and pain on the left side of the face for all divisions of the 5th nerve. Note that the deficit is first recognized just to the left of the midline and not exactly at the midline. Patients with psychogenic sensory loss often identify the sensory change...Cranial Nerve ExaminationNeuroLogic Exam: An Anatomical Approach
94 Gait Exam: Abnormal Examples: Hemiplegic Gait DemonstrationThe patient has unilateral weakness and spasticity with the upper extremity held in flexion and the lower extremity in extension. The foot is in extension so the leg is too long therefore, the patient will have to circumduct or swing the leg around to step forward. This type of gait is seen with a U...Gait Examination; Hemiplegic GaitNeuroLogic Exam: An Anatomical Approach
95 Coordination Exam: Abnormal Examples: Tandem Gait (x2) (includes Spanish audio & captions)Patients with ataxia have difficulty narrowing the station in order to walk heel to toe. Tandem gait is helpful in identifying subtle or mild gait ataxia. NeuroLogic Exam has been supported by a grant from the Slice of Life Development Fund at the University of Utah, the Department of Pediatrics and...Coordination Examination; Tandem Gait; Heel-toe GaitNeuroLogic Exam: An Anatomical Approach
96 Cranial Nerve Exam: Abnormal Examples: Cranial Nerve 2 - Visual AcuityThis patient's visual acuity is being tested with a Rosenbaum chart. First the left eye is tested, then the right eye. He is tested with his glasses on so this represents corrected visual acuity. He has 20/70 vision in the left eye and 20/40 in the right. His decreased visual acuity is from optic ne...Cranial Nerve ExaminationNeuroLogic Exam: An Anatomical Approach
97 Coordination Exam: Abnormal Examples: Toe-to-finger (x2) (includes Spanish audio & captions)Same as finger-to-nose except for the lower extremities. For both the upper and lower extremities, it is important to always compare right versus left. NeuroLogic Exam has been supported by a grant from the Slice of Life Development Fund at the University of Utah, the Department of Pediatrics and th...Coordination Examination; Toe-to-finger TestNeuroLogic Exam: An Anatomical Approach
98 Internal capsule, posterior limbInternal capsule, posterior limb. Horizontal plane. Photograph. Multimedia.Brain; Central nervous system; AnatomySlice of Life
99 Pyramidal cells, hippocampusPyramidal cells, hippocampus. Photograph. Multimedia.Pyramidal cells; Hippocampus; Brain; Central nervous system; AnatomySlice of Life
100 Purkinje cell, normalPurkinje cell, normalCentral Nervous System; Cerebellum; Purkinje CellsSlice of Life
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