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CreatorTitleDateDescription
51 Thornock, Jeremy; Smith, Philip; Chambers, Allan K.LES simulations of sour gas flares in Western Canada2009
52 Thornock, J.N.; Smith, Philip J.; Chambers, Allan K.; Parente, A.Large eddy simulation of industrial flare2008
53 Gogolek, Peter E.G.The IFC Literature Review
54 Shore, DavidImproving flare design a transition from art-form to engineering science2007Many of the day-to-day activities surrounding Flaring, at both the project design and operational stages, are vague and apparently outside the control of the Flare Engineer. Design specifications usually only cover a single case out of a multitude of possible compositions and flows. In service, flow...
55 Diez, Francisco J.; Dahm, Werner J.A.Improved prediction of buoyancy effects on flame length and combustion properties of flares2004An improved integral method is presented for determining the flame length and combustion properties of buoyant jet flames, including flares, that avoids the Morton entrainment hypothesis entirely and thereby removes the ad hoc "entrainment modeling" required in most other integral approaches. Rather...
56 Lewis, Elliot-Sullivan; Hack, Richard; McDonell, VincentDevelopment of a modular supplemental burner for optimization of distributed generation/combined heat and power system efficiency2011Increased interest in distributed power generation has lead to increased interest in combined heating cooling and power (CCHP). One significant issue in implementing a CCHP is that electrical loads and heating or cooling loads are rarely synchronized. Duct burners are frequently used to provide addi...
57 Evans, ScottInsights from passive FTIR flare performance testing2011
58 Hong, J.; Baukal, C.; Bastianen, M.; Bellovich, J.; Leary, K.Innovative steam-assisted flare technology2007A new steam-assisted flare has been developed which reduces or eliminates some of the potential limitations of conventional steam-assisted flares. The improved performance includes significantly reduced steam requirements (>30% reduction), elimination of two of the three steam supply lines, simplifi...
59 McKittrick, AlexisDemonstration of hydrogen use in steam- and air-assisted flares2009-06-09
60 Seebold, James G.Combustion efficiency of industrial flares revisited the current status of this multivariate, multiphysics, multichemistry morass and what to do about it2011Last year, with its focus on "Industrial Flaring," TOTeM361 was the first in the IFRF TOTeM series to tap into an area which has been explored in AFRC Symposia for many years.2 Taking place 30 September - 1 October at the Sheraton Maui immediately following the AFRC 2010 Pacific Rim Combustion Sympo...
61 Martin, MatthewComparison of empirically based calculation methods for pipe flares to computational fluid dynamics2007As available computational resources increase and the use of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) becomes more widely accepted wider classes of industrial scale combustion systems are being simulated and optimized using these resources. A largebody of empirically based work has already been assembled ...
62 Desam, Padmabhushana R.; Smith, Philip J.; Borodai, Stainslav G.; Kumar, SeshadriComputing flare dynamics using large eddy simulations2004Computing the dynamics of flares is motivated by the increased need for efficient and safe flaring of unwanted gases during hydrocarbon and petrochemical processing. To understand the unsteady flame shape dynamics, Large Eddy Simulations (LES) are used to study natural gas flares in the presence of ...
63 Mueller, Gary R.; Agrawal, Harshit; Caico, Chris; Olivacce, RonaldCombustion of mixtures: A modified IFC approach2011While most studies on flares have been done with single hydrocarbon fuels or binary mixtures, the reality of most industrial flares is that they see different mixtures of many gases. Over the past 5 years the International Flare Consortium (IFC) has been conducting research on just this issue. In a ...
64 Chambers, Allan K.; Wootton, Tony; Moncrieff, Jan; McCready, PhilipCombustion efficiency of full scale flares measured using DIAL technology2004Flares are used in Alberta's oil and gas industry to safely treat H2S containing gas releases during emergencies, and gas well flow tests and as a means of disposing of gases that cannot be recovered economically. Despite the wide use of these flares, little data exists on the combustion efficiency ...
65 Duck, BrianComputational fluid dynamic modeling of a ground flare2007A major ethylene plant underconstruction in Al-Jubail, Saudi Arabia found itself under pressure from neighboring facilities and regulatory agencies to reduce flare emissions, flame visibility, and noise. Plant personnel contacted a company that had pioneered and commercialized a grade mounted, multi...
66 Smith, Philip J.Computing flame dynamics using massively parallel computers to span scales from the atomistic to the industrial2004
67 Schmitt, DavidCorrectly modeling and calcutating combustion efficiencies in fired equipmentFired equipment includes furnaces, fired heaters, fired boilers, supplementary fired boilers, and many other types of equipment. But for the purposes of reviewing how the calculations are accomplished and other factors that may affect the results of the modeling, we will use a fired reformer furnace...
68 Conference introduction - American Flame Research Committee International Symposium Industrial Process Combustion Technology1980
69 Kretzschmar, SimonEnviromix_split_phase_applying_flameless_combustion_principles_to_pyrolysis_furnaces2011As the drive towards reduced NOx emissions accelerates, the need to promote synergy between all furnace components becomes paramount. One of the most exciting methods of reducing these emissions is through the application of the principles of flameless combustion. Through high rates of flue gas reci...
70 Gogolek, Peter E.G.; Hayden, A.C.S.Efficiency of flare flames in turbulent crosswind2010Flares are used for the safe, clean and economical disposal of waste gases, whether in upstream oil production (solution gas flares), refineries, gas plants or other chemical processing facilities. Elevated flares are exposed to all the weather patterns, perhaps the most important is the crosswind. ...
71 Smith, Scot K.; Modi, Jay B.; McDonald, J. M.; Little, C.; Smith, Joseph D.; Berg, L. M.Environmental testing of an advanced flare tip for a low-profile flare burning ethylene2007
72 Thekdi, Arvind C.Energy conservation and pollution control (Abstract)The paper discusses the effects of pollution control, particularly NO control, methods, on heat demands for the process. The effects of combustion modification methods, such as stoichiometric combustion, flue gas recirculation and steam or water injection are studied in a laboratory furnace and the ...
73 Shelil, Nasser; Bagdanavicius, Audrius; Griffiths, Anthony; Syred, NickFlashback analysis for hydrogen/methane mixtures for premixed swirl combustion2009The flashback problem which occurs by using lean premixed combustion in gas turbines is considered. Flashback simulation studies using CFD modelling package are performed for a wide range of hydrogen/methane (H2/CH4) blends combusted by air using a swirl burner under premixed conditions. The laminar...
74 Panfili, R.; Dothe, H.; Vujkovic-Cvijin, P.; Tan, X.; Kennett, R.; Taylor, R.; Bernstein, L.; Smith, Philip J.; Thornock, J.N.; Gross, K.; Seebold, J. G.High fidelity modeling of flare combustion and emission detection2011-08-17The combustion of hydrocarbons by industrial flares emits greenhouse gases into the atmosphere along with trace amounts of ozone-forming highly-reactive volatile organic compounds and human carcinogens. Continuous and autonomous monitoring of flare emission is challenging due to low species concentr...
75 Pohl, John; Gogolek, Peter E.G.; Seebold, James G.; Schwartz, RobertFuel composition effect on flare flame inefficiency2004The effects of fuel composition on the performance of flare flames have long been known. Possibly the first performance indicator was the tendency of a fuel to smoke. Various fuel characteristics such as average molecular weight and carbon-to-hydrogen ratio were advanced to guide the design of early...
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