1 - 25 of 35
Number of results to display per page
1 Smith, Valene LucyKotzebue: a modern Alaskan Eskimo communityKotzebue was selected initially as a field setting in which to study changing kinship and residence of an Alaskan Eskimo group because of the present high level of acculturation in the community and because I had had prior experience there at a time when it was still essentially an Eskimo village. A...Eskomos-Alaska-Kotzebue; Kotzebue (Alaska)-Social conditions1966-06
2 Vashro, Layne J.Residence and childcare assistance among the TweThis document includes three papers from my research on residence among the Twe people of the Lower Kunene Region. The first paper gives an ethnographic account of the Twe. I discuss the Twe's mysterious and potentially unique ethnic history, their complex subsistence, and the ways in which their so...Behavioral ecology; Childcare; Residence2014-08
3 Beck, Raymond KellyThe molecular genetics of prehistoric hunting: inferring prey population histories with ancient dnaLong-term prey population histories are fundamental to reconstructing spatial and temporal variation in human diet, hunting technology, capture strategies, and a host of other prehistoric hunting behaviors. Typically, such reconstructions have involved the use of taxonomic relative abundance indexes...Ancient DNA; Foraging ecology; Zooarchaeology2015-05
4 Bohlender, Ryan JamesArchaic admixture in modern humansRecent advances in the study of archaic hominin DNA have resulted in the rapid development and application of new methods designed to test our relationship to our nearest relatives. These methods have been applied with archaic samples in contexts with ghost admixture, sparse sampling, ascertainment ...Archaic admixture; Denisovan; Gene genealogy; Neanderthal; Population genetics2015
5 Boomgarden, Shannon ArnoldExperimental maize farming in range creek canyon, utahWater is arguably the most important resource for successful crop production in the Southwest. In this dissertation, I examine the economic tradeoffs involved in dry farming maize vs. maize farming using simple surface irrigation for the Fremont farmers who occupied Range Creek Canyon, east-central ...Experimental archaeology; Farming; Fremont; Maize2015-08
6 Kopp, Derinna VivianAdaptation of cancellous bone to habitual loading: trabecular architecture of the artiodactyl calcaneusThe functional adaptation model suggests that differences in biomechanical forces resulting from habitual loading will be reflected in the trabecular architecture of cancellous bone. Increasingly, trabecular architecture is used to compare habitual loading history in both extant and extinct animals....Bone adaptation; Cancellous bone; Trabecular architecture2014-05
7 Toronto, Wallace F.Some socio-psychological aspects of the Czecho-Slovakian crisis of 1938-39During the course of the last ten to fifteen years the vaguely perceived social changes, caused by the terrific impact of the Great World War upon Europe and the world in general, began to crystalize into perceptible form - into definite movements which made themselves well known and keenly felt amo...Czechoslovakia - History - 1938-19451940-05
8 Parker, Christopher HughOn the evolution of human fire useHumans are unique in their capacity to create, control, and maintain fire. The evolutionary importance of this behavioral characteristic is widely recognized, but the steps by which members of our genus came to use fire and the timing of this behavioral adaptation remain largely unknown. These issu...Australian Aborigines; Behavioral ecology; Fire ecology; Foraging theory; Homo erectus; Human evolution2015-05
9 Smithson, Carma LeeHavasupai womanThe Havasupai Indian tribe is a small ethnic group located immediately south of the Grand Canyon of the Colorado River in northern Arizona, The population is concentrated primarily in two parts of its prehistoric habitat, one area being a reservation in Havasu Canyon and the other a camp or vil...Havasupai Indians; Grand Canyon1956
10 Arismendi, Jacquel LynnAncient MtDNA sequences from prehistoric north american arctic populationsThis study set out to sequence the hypervariable segment-I (HVS-I) of the mitochondrial genome from prehistoric skeletal remains associated with Aleut, Sadlermiut, Dorset and Thule groups in Northern North America in an effort to gain insight into their genetic prehistories. Sequences obtained from ...Ancient DNA; Mitochondrial DNA; Molecular Anthropology; North American Arctic; Population prehistory2015
11 Potter, TeresaRelatedness and mortality among the Jamestown Colony settlersThis study will test the correspondence of relatedness with mortality risk in the founding population of Jamestown Colony. Previous research on other early colonies suggests that individuals with a higher level of relatedness will have a lower mortality risk. The study will also look at possible cor...Population geography - Virginia - Jamestown; Mortality - Virginia - Jamestown; Jamestown(Va.) - History - 17th century2012-08
12 Smith, Silvia EHuman and mycobacterial coevolution: the role of genetic recombination in reconstructing the evolutionary history of these important human pathogensTuberculosis (TB) and leprosy are ancient human diseases, as demonstrated by an abundant osteoarchaeological record and by molecular analyses of prehistoric and historic human remains affected by the disease. Unfortunately, mycobacterial infections (which include TB and leprosy) are not diseases of...Coevolution; Horizontal gene transfer; Human disease; Mycobaterial disease evolution; TB evolution2010
13 Stone, Emily AnnSex ratio and women's aggressive competition in the outer islands of yapImbalances in the number of men and women-the adult sex ratio-are related to patterns of marriage and reproduction cross-culturally. Specifically, a shortage of men is associated with more divorce, more children out of wedlock, and more short-term, casual relationships. There are two competing hypot...Aggression; Mate Competition; Sex Ratio; Women2015-08
14 Robson, Shannen LorraineHuman life histories in an evolutionary and comparative contextThis dissertation utilizes life history theory to describe traits that are derived in humans through comparisons with other primate species. Modern human life histories are unique in that they are slower, exhibiting distinctly long postmenopausal life spans and later ages at sexual maturity as a res...Dentition; Encephalization; Heterogeneity; Life history; Marital fertility; Twinning2011-08
15 Hodson, Gabrielle StellaAdaptive responses to scarcity among lactating desert womenNatural selection favors individuals with those adaptive traits that maximize their reproductive success. Effective heat acclimatization in the desert requires conserving body water with a simultaneous reduction in body heat by engaging in adaptive strategic behaviors. The adaptive strategies in res...Adaptation; Alloparenting; Energy expenditure; Hot-cold syndrome; Lactation2011-12
16 Gibson, Kyle RichardThe roles of operational sex ratio and young-old ratio in producing suicide attackersDemographic factors influence the intensity and duration of conflicts and collective violence is more common where there are high numbers of young men to older men, and where there are more marriageable men to women. The notion that young, unmarried men are more likely than other cohorts to be unat...Conflict; Operational sex ratio; Suicide terrorism; Terrorism; Warfare; Young old ratio2011-12
17 Redman, James Clyde AllenThe Diwaniyya: guestroom sociability and bureaucratic brokerage in KuwaitThis dissertation is about men's guestrooms (sing. diwaniyya; pl. diwaniyyat or dawawin) in Kuwait and their place in the nation's unique welfare compact with its citizens. The central question guiding this research is unambiguous: Why do Kuwaiti men visit the dawawin? The answer, it is argued, lies...Cultural anthropology; Middle Eastern Studies; Near Eastern Studies2014-08
18 Fishler, Stanley A.From the beginning : a Navaho creation mythWith sincere gratitude, I wish to express my indebtedness to my friends of the F. G. family, on the Navaho Indian Reservation. Without F. G.IS patience, understanding, guidance and of course, his story, this thesis would have been impossible. To his sons, my interpreters, also go my thanks for their...Navajo Indians -- Religion Creation; Navajo mythology1951
19 Coxworth, James E.First among equals: male-male competition among the bardi of Northwestern Australia and its implications for human evolutionIn this dissertation, I follow three avenues of inquiry regarding status competition among the Bardi - a group of part-time foragers living in northwestern Australia. The first focuses on how the current array of status-linked behaviors came to be so widely used. After a brief introduction, I presen...Aboriginal Australia; Deference; Natural selection; Nonhuman primates; Prestige; Status2013-08
20 Dardenne, Caitlin NoraOssification of the posterior longitudinal ligament and age-related macular degeneration: a new avenue of forensic identificationAnthropologists provide a valuable service to the medico-legal community. They are tasked with creating a biological profile and helping with the ultimate identification of unknown remains. This can often be a difficult task when the anthropologists require something to which they can compare the bi...AMD; Disease; Genetics; Human identification; OPLL; Spine2013-08
21 Kennedy, Brett JacobIdentifying sources of genetic differentiation in human populationsThe main concern of human population genetics is to identify and describe genetic differences between groups of people. These differences give insight into the evolutionary processes and unique histories that have shaped these populations. A better understanding of human genetic diversity will lead ...Admixture; Human adaptation; Population genetics; Principal component analysis2013-08
22 Braun, Shelly BethNeo-shamanism as a healing system: enchanted healing in a modern worldThis dissertation explores the idea of enchantment, disenchantment, and reenchantment, following Weber, at the intersection of traditional healing and modern society in the spiritual practice of neo-shamanism. Neo-shamanism as a healing system in the US is explored ethnographically. Neo-shamanism i...Alternative spirituality; Complementary and alternative medicine; Modern shamanism; Neo-shaman(ism); Shamansim; Spiritual healing2010-07
23 Wylie, Henry GeraldMicroanalysis and functional typology of the Hogup Cave chipped stone toolsOne thousand prehistoric chipped stone tools from Hogup Cave, Utah were analyzed microscopically for use-wear evidence. The study sample included all whole, identifiable tools plus a representative portion of the utilized flake and unutilized or "waste" flake categories originally recovered from th...Caves, Stone Implements, Excavations (Archaeology), Antiquities-- Utah -- Hogup Cave1973-12
24 Reiss-Brennan, BrendaIntegrating mind and body healing into primary care: a team approachThis publication examines the impact of integrating mental health into primary health care. Mental Health Integration (MHI) in Intermountain Healthcare (IH) has changed the culture of primary health care by standardizing a team-based care process that includes mental health as a normal part of the r...Chronic conditions; Depression; Mind-body healing; Patient reported outcome; Primary care; Team care2013-08
25 Hart, Isaac AlfredAfter the Rain: Using Paleoclimatic and Paleoecological Methods to Inform Archaeological Investigation in Baja California and Range Creek Canyon, UtahThis dissertation reports the work I have completed with two research projects, using paleoecological methods to compare precipitation histories to inform archaeological investigation at two sites. The first chapter will present an analysis of the population history of leporids (rabbits and hares) f...Archaeology; Paleoecology2017
1 - 25 of 35