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TitleDescriptionType
1 The Electro-oculogram: Clinical ApplicationsThe electrooculogram measures the potential that exists between the cornea and Bruch's membrane at the back of the eye. The potential produces a dipole field with the cornea approximately 5 millivolts positive compared to the back of the eye, in a normally illuminated room. Although the origin of th...Text
2 The Electroretinogram and Electro-oculogram: Clinical ApplicationsThe global or full-field electroretinogram (ERG) is a mass electrical response of the retina to photic stimulation. The ERG is a test used worldwide to assess the status of the retina in eye diseases in human patients and in laboratory animals used as models of retinal disease.Text
3 The Multifocal Electroretinogram: Clinical ApplicationsThe most important development in ERGs is the multifocal ERG (mfERG). Erich Sutter adapted the mathematical sequences called binary m-sequences creating a program that can extract hundreds of focal ERGs from a single electrical signal. This system allows assessment of ERG activity in small areas of ...Text
4 Visually Evoked PotentialsDetailed explanation of visually evoked potentials. The terms visually evoked potential (VEP), visually evoked response (VER) and visually evoked cortical potential (VECP) are equivalent. They refer to electrical potentials, initiated by brief visual stimuli, which are recorded from the scalp overl...Text
5 Color Vision TestingDemonstration of color vision examination.Text
6 Stereoacuity TestingDemonstration of examination for stereoacuity.Text
7 Amsler Grid TestingDemonstration of Amsler Grid examination.Text
8 Pupil ExamDemonstration of pupil examination.Text
9 ExophthalmometryDemonstration of exophthalmometry examination.Text
10 Fusional Vergence AmplitudesDemonstration of fusional vergence amplitudes examination. Incluudes: a. Convergence Amplitudes b. Divergence Amplitudes c. Vertical AmpitudesText
11 Basic Eye Alignment ExamDemonstration of basic eye alignment examination. Includes: a. Tools b. Cover-Uncover and SPCT c. Alternate Cover and APCT d. Maddox Rod TestingText
12 Basic HeadachePresentation covering an overview of headache and migraine.Text
13 Retino-choroidal Vessels or Optociliary veins or ciliary shuntOverview of retino-choroidal collaterals, which are potential telangiectatic connections between the retina and choroidal circulation. Although sometimes called "shunts", these collaterals are between the retinal venous circulation and the choroidal venous circulation.Text
14 Optic nerve tumors benign and malignantDiscussion of optic nerve tumors including meningioma and glioma.Text
15 Retinitis pigmentosa disease of rodsDiscussion of retinitis pigmentosa which is a retinal/choroidal degeneration caused by various genetic defects.Text
16 Papilledema 2013Discussion of papilledema, the swelling due to increased pressure.Text
17 Nutritional amblyopiaExample of patient with amblyopia with nutritional causes.Text
18 Glaucoma: the basicsGlaucoma is the most common optic neuropathy. Progressive cupping of the optic disc due to increased intraocular pressure together with visual field abnormalities and local disc susceptibility factors characterize this neuropathy. This PowerPoint lecture covers the basics of Glaucoma and includes ma...Text
19 Optic Disc pallor pseudo and realDiscussion of the causes of optic disc pallor.Text
20 MaculaOverview of the structure and viewing of the macula.Text
21 Cone DystrophyPPT covering Cone Dystrophy - An inherited degeneration that presents between 10 - 30 years of age. Symptoms are decreased visual acuity, poor color vision, and sometimes light sensitivity.Text
22 Stargardt's DiseaseDiscussion of Stargardt's disease, an inherited maculopathy which frequently presents with a loss of central vision.Text
23 Optic Disc: Anatomy, Variants, Unusual discsdiscussion of viewing the optic disc. Includes development of direct ophthalmoscope. Covers normal optic disc and nerve fiber; nerve fiber loss and defects; cilioretinal arteries; venous anomolies; papilledema; pseudopapilledema; myopic disc; hyperoptic disc; little red discs; megallopapilla; myelin...Text
24 Normal optic discOverview of the structure and function of the normal optic disc.Text
25 MELAS and RPMELAS; Mitochondrial Encephalopathy with Lactic Acidosis, Stroke and Pigmentary Changes in retina-associated with a retinal dystrophy. This 53 year old man had seizures, encephalopathy and lactic acidosis typical of MELAS. His fundus examination showed granularity and some slight pigmentary changes ...Text
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