Table of Contents
Collection Overview +/-
Collection Inventory +/-
Box Folder Contents
Box , Folder : Biographical Material
Box 1, Folder 0 : Control folder and diary indices
Box 1, Folder 1 : Anthony W. Ivins, autobiographical material
Box 1, Folder 2 : Biographical material, Anthony W. and Elizabeth S. Ivins
Box 1, Folder 3 : Ivins in politics, with the Indians (copies), no author
Box 1, Folder 4 : Patriarchal and miscellaneous blessings
Box 1, Folder 5 : Clippings, AWI, ca. 1896-1934
Box 1, Folder 6 : Obituary clippings, AWI, September 1934
Box , Folder : Diaries
Box 1, Folder 7 : 10 October 1875 - April 1882
Box 1, Folder 8 : 10 October 1875 - 24 November 1875
Box 1, Folder 9 : 8 May 1882 - 12 August 1883
Box 1, Folder 10 : 18 August 1883 - 21 May 1884
Box 1, Folder 11 : 16 February 1896 - 11 May 1896
Box 1, Folder 12 : October 1896
Box 1, Folder 13 : 14 January 1897 - 27 March 1897
Box 1, Folder 14 : 2 April 1897 - 22 August 1897
Box 1, Folder 15 : 5 May 1899 - 23 July 1899
Box 1, Folder 16 : 19 January 1900 - 27 February 1900
Box 2, Folder 1 : 1 April 1900 - 12 July 1900
Box 2, Folder 2 : 13 July 1900 - 17 November 1900
Box 2, Folder 3 : 18 November 1900 - 29 November 1900
Box 2, Folder 4 : February 1901 - 17 April 1901
Box 2, Folder 5 : 18 April 1901 - 17 June 1901
Box 2, Folder 6 : 5 August 1901 - 10 November 1901
Box 2, Folder 7 : 2 December 1901 - 6 February 1902
Box 2, Folder 8 : 2 February 1902 - 7 April 1902
Box 2, Folder 9 : 31 May 1902 - 25 June 1902
Box 2, Folder 10 : 17 May 1902 - 30 August 1902 and 7 August 1902 - 7 October 1902
Box 2, Folder 11 : 29 November 1902 - 1 December 1902
Box 2, Folder 12 : 5 January 1903 - 14 May 1903
Box 2, Folder 13 : 25 June 1903 - 2 July 1903
Box 2, Folder 14 : 28 September 1903 - 6 October 1903
Box 2, Folder 15 : 4 November 1903 - 22 November 1903
Box 2, Folder 16 : 3 April 1904
Box 2, Folder 17 : 5 May 1904 - 30 June 1904
Box 2, Folder 18 : 17 September 1904 - 6 November 1904
Box 3, Folder 1 : 8 December 1904 - 10 May 1905 and 9-10 December 1905
Box 3, Folder 2 : 16 September 1905 - 9 October 1905
Box 3, Folder 3 : 11 March 1906 - 16 September 1906
Box 3, Folder 4 : 8 October 1906
Box 3, Folder 5 : 29 November 1906 - 10 March 1907
Box 3, Folder 6 : 30 March 1907 - 16 June 1907
Box 3, Folder 7 : 4 July 1907 - 8 December 1907
Box 3, Folder 8 : 15 January 1908 - 7 June 1908
Box 3, Folder 9 : 10 June 1908 - 30 August 1908
Box 3, Folder 10 : 2 September 1908 - 3 November 1908
Box 3, Folder 11 : 7 November 1908 - 3 April 1909
Box 3, Folder 12 : 4 April 1909 - 18 September 1909
Box 3, Folder 13 : 2 October 1909 - 14 May 1910
Box 3, Folder 14 : 14 May 1910 - 10 October 1910
Box 3, Folder 15 : 22 October 1910 - 19 November 1910
Box 3, Folder 16 : 29 November 1910 - 10 April 1911
Box 3, Folder 17 : 20 May 1911 - 18 June 1911
Box 4, Folder 1 : 13 September 1911 - 5 April 1912
Box 4, Folder 2 : 6 April 1912 - 27 October 1912
Box 4, Folder 3 : 12 December 1912 - 9 March 1913
Box 4, Folder 4 : 4 October 1913 - April 1914
Box 4, Folder 5 : 5 June 1914 - 5 April 1915
Box 4, Folder 6 : 8 May 1915 - 27 November 1916
Box 4, Folder 7 : 29 July 1917 - 21 November 1917
Box 4, Folder 8 : 6 January 1918 - 6 April 1918
Box 4, Folder 9 : 8 February 1918 - 14 June 1919
Box 4, Folder 10 : 1 November 1919 - 24 January 1920
Box 4, Folder 11 : 13 March 1920 - 5 December 1920
Box 4, Folder 12 : 13 May 1921 - 28 November 1921
Box 4, Folder 13 : 4 April 1924 - August 1924
Box 5, Folder 1 : 1 June 1925 - 18 June 1925; 12 June 1929 - 12 July 1929
Box 5, Folder 2 : 1 January 1927 - 12 September 1932
Box , Folder : Journals
Box , Folder : Notebooks
Box 6, Folder 2 : #1, 12 August 1878
Box 6, Folder 3 : #2, ca. 1896-1908
Box 6, Folder 4 : #3, 21 February 1896 - 27 March 1898
Box 6, Folder 5 : #4, ca. 1902
Box 6, Folder 6 : #5 1904
Box 6, Folder 7 : #6, ca. 1907
Box 6, Folder 8 : #7, ca. 1909
Box 6, Folder 9 : #8, ca. 1909
Box 6, Folder 10 : #9, n.d.
Box 6, Folder 11 : #10, n.d.
Box 7, Folder 1 : #11, ca. 1916
Box 7, Folder 2 : #12, ca. 1923
Box 7, Folder 3 : #13, ca. 1927
Box 7, Folder 4 : #14, ca. 1928
Box 7, Folder 5 : #15, 26 January 1928
Box 7, Folder 6 : #16, n.d.
Box 7, Folder 7 : #17, n.d.
Box 7, Folder 8 : #18, n.d.
Box 7, Folder 9 : #19, n.d.
Box 7, Folder 10 : #20, n.d.
Box 7, Folder 11 : #21, n.d.
Box 7, Folder 12 : #22, n.d.
Box , Folder : Copies of Diaries and Journals
Box , Folder : Correspondence
Box , Folder : Family correspondence, 1891-1952
Box , Folder : Correspondence filed by name
Box 9, Folder 3 : Bentley, Joseph C.
Box 9, Folder 4 : Bowman, H. E., 1908-1923
Box 9, Folder 5 : Christensen, C. L., 1923-
Box 9, Folder 6 : Clark, J. Reuben, 1931-1933
Box 9, Folder 7 : Grant, Heber J., 1895-1934
Box 9, Folder 8 : Langford, Orlando, 1924-1925
Box 9, Folder 9 : Reed, Smoot, 1912-1933
Box , Folder : General Correspondence
Box , Folder : Mormon Colonies in Mexico
Box 11, Folder 1 : Correspondence, 1879-1911
Box 11, Folder 2 : Correspondence, 1912
Box 11, Folder 3 : Correspondence, 1913-1919
Box 11, Folder 4 : Correspondence, 1920-1925
Box 11, Folder 5 : Correspondence, 1926-1931
Box 11, Folder 6 : Correspondence, undated
Box 11, Folder 7 : Minutes and reports, ca. 1899-1912
Box 11, Folder 8 : Business permits
Box 11, Folder 9 : Land transactions, 1903-1930
Box 11, Folder 10 : Financial reports, promissory notes
Box 11, Folder 11 : Notes on history of Mexico
Box 11, Folder 12 : What the Mormons Have Done for Mexico (typescript)
Box 11, Folder 13 : Miscellaneous Documents
Box 12, Folder 1 : Stock certificates, Dublan Water and Colonization Company
Box 12, Folder 2 : Legal documents (Spanish), Dublan Water and Colonization Company
Box 12, Folder 3 : Contracts, Constitution (Spanish), Dublan Water and Colonization Company, 1902
Box 12, Folder 4 : Congressional Record, 18 January 1927 - 19 February 1927 (concerning U.S.)
Box 12, Folder 5 : Newspaper clippings -- Mexico
Box , Folder : Enterprise Farm, Other Business Ventures
Box 13, Folder 1 : Enterprise farm correspondence, 1899-1916
Box 13, Folder 2 : Enterprise farm correspondence, 1917-1923
Box 13, Folder 3 : Enterprise farm correspondence, 1924-1934
Box 13, Folder 4 : Enterprise farm, tax receipts
Box 13, Folder 5 : Amalgamated Sugar Company, 1922-1923
Box 13, Folder 6 : Livingston Ranch, Davis County, Utah
Box 13, Folder 7 : Ivins Investment Company, tax receipts, assessments, etc.
Box , Folder : Notes, Reports
Box 14, Folder 1 : Genealogical records, Temple endowment record for Anna Lowrie Ivins
Box 14, Folder 2 : Genealogy notes and correspondence
Box 14, Folder 3 : Financial statements--Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, ca. 1920-1928
Box 14, Folder 4 : LDS Church mission statistics, 1920-1923
Box 14, Folder 5 : Survey on the use of tobacco by members of the LDS Church, 1891 and 1916
Box 14, Folder 6 : LDS Church Reports
Box 14, Folder 7 : Newspaper clippings--LDS Church
Box 14, Folder 8 : Deseret News audit, 1930
Box 14, Folder 9 : Report of the Proceedings of the Constitutional Convention in Ratifying the 21st Amendment, 5 December 1933
Box 14, Folder 10 : Utah Agricultural College reports, ca. 1920-1922
Box 14, Folder 11 : Notes and narrative accounts on Indians in southern Utah
Box 14, Folder 12 : Indians, customs and traditions
Box 14, Folder 13 : Indian Customs and Traditions, compiled by Leah Ivins Cardon, 1927 [copy]
Box 14, Folder 14 : Pioneer notes
Box 14, Folder 15 : Newspaper clippings--Utah history
Box , Folder : Speeches
Box , Folder : Miscellaneous Manuscripts and Notes
Box 16, Folder 1 : A Summer Outing and What Came of It
Box 16, Folder 2 : Traveling Over Forgotten Trails
Box 16, Folder 3 : Miscellaneous manuscripts by AWI
Box 16, Folder 3 1: The Book of Mormon
Box 16, Folder 3 2: Can This Be True?
Box 16, Folder 3 3: Church Relief Work
Box 16, Folder 3 4: An Indian Woman's Devotion
Box 16, Folder 3 5: Investments
Box 16, Folder 3 6: The Lure of Gold
Box 16, Folder 3 7: The Romantic Story of Oara Oara
Box 16, Folder 3 8: Ten Tribes of Israel
Box 16, Folder 4 : Notes, The Bondage of Debt
Box 16, Folder 5 : Notes, Book of Mormon archaeology and origin
Box 16, Folder 6 : Notes, Palestine and the Jews
Box 16, Folder 7 : Notes, polygamy
Box 16, Folder 8 : Notes, temples
Box 16, Folder 9 : Notes, Tucson swords and crosses [archeological discoveries, ca. 1924]
Box 16, Folder 10 : Notes, Word of Wisdom
Box 16, Folder 11 : Notes, Brigham Young
Box 16, Folder 12 : Miscellaneous notes
Box , Folder : Miscellaneous Writings by Other Authors, Clippings, Memorabilia
Box 17, Folder 1 : Miscellaneous writings
Box 17, Folder 1 1: Burbank, Luther, Tobacco, Tombstones, and Profit
Box 17, Folder 1 2: Clawson, Rudger, Washington Chapel dedication, 1933
Box 17, Folder 1 3: Doyle, Sir Arthur Conan, On the Mormons
Box 17, Folder 1 4: Ellsworth, Jesse L. et al., Testimony in Regard to the Bus Wreck
Box 17, Folder 1 5: Hafen, A. K., The Swiss Company
Box 17, Folder 1 6: Harding, Aylmer, The Story of the Gulls
Box 17, Folder 1 7: Ivins, Edwin W., Sealed Orders (poem)
Box 17, Folder 1 8: Jordan, David Starr, On Building Warships (1910)
Box 17, Folder 1 9: Marshall, Charles C., The Issue is Joined (1930)
Box 17, Folder 1 10: [Overstreet, John], Mormons, Their Social and Economic Development
Box 17, Folder 1 11: Overstreet, John, Was Colonel Kane a Mormon?
Box 17, Folder 1 12: Roberts, B. H., Prophets Connection with Masonry
Box 17, Folder 1 13: Snow, Eliza R., Mortal and Immortal Elements of the Human Body (1873)
Box 17, Folder 1 14: Woolle, Ernest R., Edna May's Choice
Box 17, Folder 2 : Miscellaneous writings, no author
Box 17, Folder 3 : Newspaper clippings--archaeology
Box 17, Folder 4 : Newspaper clippings--mines and mining
Box 17, Folder 5 : Newspaper clippings--politics
Box 17, Folder 6 : Miscellaneous newspaper clippings
Box 17, Folder 7 : Insurance forms, tax receipts
Box 17, Folder 8 : Memorabilia
Biographical Note/Historical Note +/-
Missionary, public official, LDS apostle.
Anthony Woodward Ivins was born in Toms River, New Jersey in 1852, the son of Israel and Anna Lowrie Ivins. While he was still a baby, the family, recent converts to Mormonism, migrated to Salt Lake Valley where Israel Ivins worked at a variety of jobs, including fishing on Utah Lake. In 1861 Israel was one of a group called by Brigham Young to settle southern Utah at the present site of St. George. Israel, in fact, completed the original survey of that city in addition to serving the colony as physician. Anthony grew up in St. George where he developed what would become lifelong interests in hunting, fishing, and the Indians.
In 1875 Ivins was called by officials of the LDS Church to participate in an exploring mission to Arizona and New Mexico. On this first mission, Ivins traveled 2,400 miles and assumed the role of hunter for the expedition. A result of this exploration was the subsequent establishment of several Mormon colonies in the area. Ivins approached the mission enthusiastically and began the first of his diaries, a habit which continued to his death. He wrote in an interesting manner, with much attention paid to details. His entry for 22 December 1875, illustrates his style and also indicates his continuing fascination with the Indians:
On his return from this mission, Ivins was appointed constable of St. George -- the first of a series of public positions he held. Shortly thereafter he was called on another mission to preach to the Indians and Mexicans in New Mexico. In 1878 he married Elizabeth Ashby Snow, also from St. George, whom he first met when they were both children traveling to southern Utah. She was the daughter of Erastus Snow, one of the foremost missionaries and colonizers of the early Mormon period, as well as an apostle of the church. Anthony and Elizabeth Ivins were the parents of nine children, eight of whom grew to maturity: Antoine R., H. Grant, Stanley S., Mrs. Anna Wilson, Mrs. Florence Hyde, Mrs. Leah Cardon, Mrs. Fulvia Sloan, and Mrs. Augusta Wells.
By 1882 Ivins was a prominent figure both politically and ecclesiastically in St. George, having been elected prosecuting attorney of Washington County and member of the St. George City Council while serving also on the St. George LDS Stake High Council. However, once again Ivins was called on a mission, this time to Mexico City. To finance the mission, the people of St. George gave a benefit performance of "The False Friend" with romantic leads taken by Josephine Snow and Anthony W. Ivins. This performance provided Ivins with $109.95 which, with $56.25 in contributions from other sources enabled him to leave for a two-year stay in Mexico. This experience provided the background for later, lengthy associations with that country. Ivins learned Spanish during this period; so well that his fluency was admired frequently by native Spanish speakers, including President Porforio Diaz of Mexico, who told Ivins that he spoke as well as a Castilian.
After Ivins' return from the Mexican Mission in 1884, he once more settled in St. George; again was active in local politics; and became a rancher. He was the manager of the Mojave Land and Cattle Company and one of the owners of the Kaibab Cattle Company, the two largest owners of cattle on the Arizona Strip.
A side effect of this expansion into Arizona was Ivins' appointment as county assessor of Mohave County, Arizona. In 1888 Ivins helped organize the "Sagebrush Democrats" in a technique designed to move away from the local People's and Liberal parties to new political divisions along national party lines. Over the years he gained in political popularity and influence, serving in a number of elected positions, as well as Special Indian Agent for the Shivwits Indians. He was elected to two terms in the Utah Territorial Legislature and, in 1894, was chosen as a representative to the Utah State Constitutional Convention. In that body, Ivins made a strong impression. He copied the following, from the Argus, into his journal:
His name became one of those mentioned frequently as candidate for the first governor of the state of Utah. But another event intervened which permanently halted any political aspirations.
In 1895 Ivins was asked by President Wilford Woodruff of the LDS Church to go to Mexico to aid in the establishment of a series of Mormon colonies, to be used particularly by those polygamous members who sought sanctuary from what was, in their eyes, unnecessary harassment and persecution for personal religious convictions. Ivins comments on this development in his journal (p. 212), "I answered the letter rec'd from Presidency telling them that I would go to Mexico as soon as possible. I did not want to go to Mexico. . . ." He then lists and supports his reasons for being reluctant -- ranching and other business interests, a bright future in politics, an affection for the people of St. George and his aging parents. Then he writes, "I immediately commenced to make preparation to dispose of my property and go to Mexico." Ivins' first cousin, Apostle Heber J. Grant, wrote him a letter congratulating him on his new assignment,
Ivins would spend the next twelve years in Mexico with his headquarters at Colonial Juarez, Chihuahua. He was president of the Juarez LDS Stake and vice-president and general manager of the Mexican Colonization and Agricultural Company, under which auspices the Mormon colonies were founded. He was, therefore, the final word in the running of the eight Mormon colonies in the states of Chihuahua and Sonora. Even after he left Mexico in 1907 to become a member of the Quorum of Twelve Apostles of the Church, he continued to take some responsibility for the administration of the Mexican colonies. In 1913 when the colonists were being forced out of Mexico by the effects of revolutionary activity, Ivins wrote to Joseph C. Bentley, one of the colony leaders, "The snow is falling, it is ideal Christmas weather. Were I not worried and harassed over Mexican affairs I would be happy." (AWI to JCB, 12/28/13)
After his return from Mexico, Ivins devoted all his energy to the Church. While he participated in many different areas -- president, Utah Savings & Trust Company; president, Board of Trustees, Utah State Agricultural College; member, National Boy Scout Committee; etc. -- they were all related to his official church position. In 1921 Ivins was chosen to be second counselor in the First Presidency under his cousin Heber J. Grant. In 1925 he was named first counselor, the position he held until his death in September 1934, one week after his eight-second birthday.
Anthony Ivins was interested in a broad range of areas, including hunting and fishing, Mexico, archaeology, Indians, horses, missionary work, and the LDS Church generally. When he died, sympathy was extended to his family by prominent people of all religions and political persuasions. The funeral was held in the Salt Lake Tabernacle while the Piute Indians held a separate tribal ceremony also in his honor.
Although it would seem unlikely, Ivins was, from all appearances, universally loved. He was evidently a good, kind, and competent man with a broad range of interests. His appeal may best be expressed by a message in beadwork on an Indian leather vest sent him in 1932 which read, "Tony Ivins, he no cheat."1852Born 16 September in Toms River, New Jersey to Israel and Anna Lowrie Ivins1853Arrived in Salt Lake Valley1861Israel Ivins called to colonize St. George in southern Utah1875Called on LDS church mission to Arizona and New Mexico1877Appointed constable of St. George1877Called on second mission to preach to the Indians and Mexicans in New Mexico 1878Married Elizabeth Ashby Snow1881Appointed to St. George LDS Stake High Council of the church1882Elected to St. George City Council1882Called on third mission to Mexico City (to 1884)1883Appointed president of the Mexican Mission of the LDS Church1884Appointed City Attorney of St. George1884Elected Washington County Assessor & Collector and Prosecuting Attorney1886Appointed County Assessor & Collector, Mohave County, Arizona1888Chosen as counselor in St. George Stake Presidency1890Elected mayor of St. George1891Appointed Special Indian Agent for the Shivwits Indians1893Elected to Territorial Legislature from Washington County1894Elected to Utah State Constitutional Convention, Salt Lake City1895Called to Mexico to colonize as the president of the Juarez Stake of Zion (to 1907)1907Chosen as a member of the Quorum of Twelve Apostles of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (to 1921)1921Chosen as second counselor to Heber J. Grant, president of the LDS Church (to 1925)1925Made first counselor to Heber J. Grant (to 1934)1934Died 23 September at home in Salt Lake City1970Elected to National Cowboy Hall of Fame
Content Description +/-
Diaries, journals, correspondence, manuscripts, speeches. Diaries dated 1875 to 1932. General correspondence over a wide range of topics from 1890 to 1936, that concerning the Mormon colonies in Mexico arranged separately. Notes and notebooks cover a variety of topics, but concern primarily the LDS church.
The Anthony W. Ivins Collection consists of personal papers concerning Ivins' life story, his family, his business concerns, and his church positions. Contained in the collection are Ivins' diaries, beginning with his first LDS mission to New Mexico in 1875 and continuing with a fair degree of regularity to the time of his death. The diaries vary in quantity of note, with the most detailed and lengthy entries centered on Ivins' mission experiences in the southwest and Mexico. Ivins apparently used his diaries as the basis for his journals which are also contained in the collection. These volumes follow the diaries closely, but are more polished and include items Ivins considered important to his life, i.e. news clippings of his activities, patriarchal blessings, and so forth.
The diaries and journals are original holographs, but are generally very legible, in spite of the frequent use of pencil. A few have a layered look. For example, the third diary has a news clipping on top fastened to a typed sheet which has been glued on top of a handwritten entry. In some diaries and journals, groups of pages have been cut out. The origin of this editing is unclear; one theory being that the missing entries were concerned with polygamy in Mexico and were excised by a sensitive family member or friend.
Mary Fitzgerald has compiled a name index to Ivins' diaries and journals, as well as a subject outline for each one -- a valuable tool for those wishing access to these materials.
In addition to the diaries and journals, Ivins kept a series of notebooks which he numbered himself. There are twenty-two of these in the collection, with the average one being only one-third to one-half full. Contained therein are miscellaneous facts; statistics on tithing and population for the Mexican colonies; conference minutes; religion and American history notes; and so forth.
Another major item in the collection is correspondence, most of which is of a business, as opposed to family, nature. The correspondence has generally been filed in straight chronological order. There are, however, several folders containing correspondence from a specific person, such as Heber J. Grant, Joseph C. Bentley, etc. These files had already been established by Ivins and thus retained their separate identity. Separate correspondence files are also maintained for the material on the Mexican colonies and the Ivins farm at Enterprise, Utah. Here again, the volume as well as the existence of previously established files precluded the separation of correspondence from the body of material on these subjects.
The Mexican correspondence also contains a large amount of information on the Stafford Shortage Claim, a land deal involving Ivins and D. M. Stafford of Cleveland, Ohio, along with assorted citizens and officials in Mexico for a piece of land near Colonia Dublan, Chihuahua. Negotiations and complications continued from 1908 to 1929. The Ivins collection is, in fact, an excellent primary source for those researchers interested in the development of and crises surrounding the Mormon colonies in Mexico. Besides correspondence, which highlights the history and is particularly informative on the 1912 exodus of the Mormons to Texas and New Mexico, there are land transactions and other legal documents in Spanish, clippings, transcripts, and memories.
The Ivins family organized the Ivins Investment Company to handle their financial affairs. This company figures prominently in the material on the Enterprise farm. Here, too, will be found material on other concerns which Ivins found interesting and/or lucrative -- horses and breeding, the Amalgamated Sugar Company, businesses in Canada, inventories and tax receipts from the farm at Enterprise and another in Davis County.
Following the subject divisions, the collection contains manuscript material on LDS Church history and doctrine, the Indians, and assorted other subjects; then outlines and drafts of speeches, clippings, and memorabilia.
The Anthony W. Ivins Collection is a valuable resource for those interested in Utah Mormon history between 1875 and 1934; as well as in Tony Ivins himself, a man of wide and varied interests.
Collection Use +/-
Restrictions on Access:
Restrictions on Use
Administrative Information +/-
CorrespondenceIncludes Family Correspondence, Correspondence Filed by Name, and General Correspondence.
Ivins, Anthony Woodward, 1852-1934.
Library Services and Technology Act (LSTA) grant, 2007-2008
17 boxes (9 linear ft.) and 12 reels of microfilm
Language of the Finding Aid:
Finding aid written in Englishin Latin script.
EAD Creation Date: