Cardiovascular activity during routine interactions in romantic relationships

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Publication Type thesis
School or College College of Social & Behavioral Science
Department Psychology
Author Hogan, Jasara N.
Title Cardiovascular activity during routine interactions in romantic relationships
Date 2016
Description Although couples research tends to focus on interactions of high salience interactions, it is likely that couples spend the majority of their time engaged in interactions of low salience (i.e., completing chores, having everyday conversations, being in the same physical space). Theory suggests that physiological functioning should be more efficient when in the presence of a spouse during both low- and high-salience interactions. It is likely that this increased efficiency in physiological functioning may be observed in a decrease in high-frequency heart rate variability (HF-HRV). The purpose of this study was to determine how much time couples spend engaged in both low- and high-salience interactions, whether physiological functioning is more efficient in the presence of a spouse during a low-salience interaction than alone, and whether relationship satisfaction moderates this change in functioning. Participants completed two consecutive 5-minute resting baselines, one in the presence of their spouse and one alone. Consistent with predictions, participants reported spending significantly more time engaged in low-salience interactions than high-salience interactions. Further, results indicated a significant increase in HF-HRV for participants who completed their first baseline alone and had their spouse reintroduced for the second baseline. No significant effects were found for heart rate or moderation by relationship satisfaction. Taken together, results suggest that participants are experiencing physiological stress during baseline. Additionally, anticipation of conflict in the study may turn one's spouse into a stressor during baseline. Limitations and future directions are discussed.
Type Text
Publisher University of Utah
Subject Couples Interaction; Heart rate variability; Marriage; Psychophysiology
Dissertation Name Master of Science
Language eng
Rights Management ©Jasara N. Hogan
Format Medium application/pdf
Format Extent 442,920 bytes
Identifier etd3/id/4220
ARK ark:/87278/s64f501k
Setname ir_etd
Date Created 2016-10-11
Date Modified 2021-05-06
ID 197765
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s64f501k
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