Monitoring intra-abdominal pressure during physical activity

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Publication Type dissertation
School or College College of Engineering
Department Bioengineering
Author Coleman, Tanner Joseph
Title Monitoring intra-abdominal pressure during physical activity
Date 2014-12
Description Pelvic floor disorders (PFD) affect one in four women in the United States. Elevated intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) during daily activity or strenuous physical activity has been identified as a risk factor in the prevalence of PFD. However, the relationship between IAP and physical activity remains poorly understood. Despite the lack of scientific evidence, clinicians oftentimes prescribe long-term activity restrictions to urogynecologic postoperative patients to minimize IAP, which is thought to lessen the load on the pelvic floor. Since many health benefits are associated with exercise, it is necessary to understand how IAP changes with activity in order to reduce risk to the pelvic floor while allowing women to be physically active. Current methods of measuring IAP include invasive catheters in the vagina, rectum, bladder, or stomach that are tethered to laboratory equipment and have been shown to have poor dynamic response. These characteristics limit the potential for tracking IAP during daily physical activity away from the clinic. The objectives of this research were to determine how intra-abdominal routine that may be adapted for postsurgical patients. Three phases of this work included (1) development of a wireless gel-filled intravaginal pressure sensor to accurately track intra-abdominal pressure, (2) testing the newly developed intravaginal sensor in benchtop and in vivo settings to determine the utility of sensors in real-world deployments, and (3) using the wireless intravaginal pressure sensor to characterize IAP during exercise and, based upon results, create a low intra-abdominal pressure routine that can be used to exercise while minimizing pressure load on the pelvic floor.
Type Text
Publisher University of Utah
Subject Exercise; Intra-abdominal pressure; Pelvic floor; Pilates; Pressure sensor; Wireless
Dissertation Institution University of Utah
Dissertation Name Doctor of Philosophy
Language eng
Rights Management Copyright © Tanner Joseph Coleman 2014
Format Medium application/pdf
Format Extent 5,192,644 bytes
Identifier etd3/id/3365
ARK ark:/87278/s6b88hd0
Setname ir_etd
Date Created 2015-02-25
Date Modified 2017-06-15
ID 196929
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6b88hd0