Development and validation of the sport character scale

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Publication Type dissertation
School or College College of Health
Department Exercise & Sport Science
Author Jang, Chang-Yong
Title Development and validation of the sport character scale
Date 2013-05
Description A variety of qualitative and quantitative measures exist to measure character in sport. These measures, however, are characterized by numerous limitations. In order to address these shortcomings the purpose of this study was to: (a) develop measure of sport character based on the model of moral action and (b) validate the measure through examination of the relationships between character in sport and other psychological variables. Two preliminary phases and four studies were undertaken to address the study purposes. Item development and refinement occurred in the preliminary phases and was grounded in the model of moral action. Items targeting compassion, integrity, sportspersonship, and fairness were developed for the Sport Character Scale (SCS). In total 62 items were created. In study 1, the pilot study, the items were further clarified and refined by a representative sample of 50 Korean athletes. This resulted in two items being deleted. In study 2, Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) was conducted on responses from 332 Korean athletes (mean age = 19.86 years) participating in a variety (n = 31) of sports. Results of the EFA suggested that a five-factor, 27-item model best fit the data. The factors included Compassion, Fairness, Sportspersonship, Antisocial Attitude, and Integrity. In Study 3, a Confirmatory Factor Analysis was conducted on a unique sample of 322 Korean athletes. The validity of the five-factor solution was confirmed. Fit indices suggested a good fit. Lastly, in Study 4, the concurrent and iv construct validity of the Sport Character Scale were examined. The SCS was related to the Multidimensional Sportspersonship Orientation Scale and two subscales of the Attitudes to Moral Decision-making in Youth Questionnaire providing support for concurrent validity. Construct validity was supported by significant relationships that emerged between the SCS and the Caring Climate Scale and the Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire. The SCS appears to measure unique characteristics of sport character in Korean athletes. It is possible to educate coaches, parents, and athletes about the importance of compassion, sportspersonship, fairness, and integrity. Moreover, the findings of this study can be used to inform coaching and parent education programs to optimize the sport participation of youth.
Type Text
Publisher University of Utah
Subject Compassion; Fairness; Integrity; Sport Character; Sport Character Scale; Sportspersonship
Dissertation Institution University of Utah
Dissertation Name Doctor of Philosophy
Language eng
Rights Management Copyright © Chang-Yong Jang 2013
Format Medium application/pdf
Format Extent 2,150,722 bytes
ARK ark:/87278/s64j0vz5
Setname ir_etd
Date Created 2013-05-22
Date Modified 2017-09-14
ID 195958
Reference URL