Testing the measures of a man: a validity analysis of six masculinity norms

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Publication Type thesis
School or College College of Education
Department Educational Psychology
Author Kuhlman, B. Brian
Title Testing the measures of a man: a validity analysis of six masculinity norms
Date 2012-08
Description Very few studies have investigated the construct validity of measures of masculinity. This study analyzed multitrait multimethod matrices of male and female subscale scores from the Male Role Norms Inventory-Revised (MRNI-R), the Conformity to Masculine Norms Inventory (CMNI), and the Gender Role Conflict Scale (GRCS). Six subscales were of interest. Specifically, measures of dominance, homophobia, restrictive emotionality, nonrelational sexuality, aggression, and self reliance were given to 176 undergraduates from a large university in Utah. Subscale correlations were compared to indicate convergent and discriminant validity, as well as method effects, for each masculinity measure. Generally, the measures performed slightly better among males than females and the multidimensional structure of the CMNI was supported. Surprisingly, results indicated modest or poor validity among many of the subscales. These results were explained in terms of a construct confound on the GRCS, a very high method effect for the MRNI-R, and inconsistency between constructs and definitions among the measures. Finally, a preliminary content analysis of masculinity scales generated hypotheses about convergence between masculinity science and other social science disciplines. Limitations of this study and recommendations for future research were noted.
Type Text
Publisher University of Utah
Subject Construct validity; Masculinity; Measurement
Dissertation Institution University of Utah
Dissertation Name Master of Science
Language eng
Rights Management Copyright © B. Brian Kuhlman 2012
Format Medium application/pdf
Format Extent 220,307 bytes
Identifier etd3/id/1803
Source Original in Marriott Library, Special Collections, BF21.5 2012 .K84
ARK ark:/87278/s6xh05zp
Setname ir_etd
Date Created 2012-08-06
Date Modified 2017-10-02
ID 195492
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6xh05zp