An interactive visualization tool for mobile objects

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Publication Type dissertation
School or College College of Social & Behavioral Science
Department Geography
Author Kobayashi, Tetsuo
Title An interactive visualization tool for mobile objects
Date 2010-08
Description Recent advancements in mobile devices - such as Global Positioning System (GPS), cellular phones, car navigation system, and radio-frequency identification (RFID) - have greatly influenced the nature and volume of data about individual-based movement in space and time. Due to the prevalence of mobile devices, vast amounts of mobile objects data are being produced and stored in databases, overwhelming the capacity of traditional spatial analytical methods. There is a growing need for discovering unexpected patterns, trends, and relationships that are hidden in the massive mobile objects data. Geographic visualization (GVis) and knowledge discovery in databases (KDD) are two major research fields that are associated with knowledge discovery and construction. Their major research challenges are the integration of GVis and KDD, enhancing the ability to handle large volume mobile objects data, and high interactivity between the computer and users of GVis and KDD tools. This dissertation proposes a visualization toolkit to enable highly interactive visual data exploration for mobile objects datasets. Vector algebraic representation and online analytical processing (OLAP) are utilized for managing and querying the mobile object data to accomplish high interactivity of the visualization tool. In addition, reconstructing trajectories at user-defined levels of temporal granularity with time aggregation methods allows exploration of the individual objects at different levels of movement generality. At a given level of generality, individual paths can be combined into synthetic summary paths based on three similarity measures, namely, locational similarity, directional similarity, and geometric similarity functions. A visualization toolkit based on the space-time cube concept exploits these functionalities to create a user-interactive environment for exploring mobile objects data. Furthermore, the characteristics of visualized trajectories are exported to be utilized for data mining, which leads to the integration of GVis and KDD. Case studies using three movement datasets (personal travel data survey in Lexington, Kentucky, wild chicken movement data in Thailand, and self-tracking data in Utah) demonstrate the potential of the system to extract meaningful patterns from the otherwise difficult to comprehend collections of space-time trajectories.
Type Text
Publisher University of Utah
Subject Exploratory data analysis; GIS; Mobile object; Visualization
Dissertation Institution University of Utah
Dissertation Name Doctor of Philosophy
Language eng
Rights Management Copyright © Tetsuo Kobayashi 2010
Format Medium application/pdf
Format Extent 5,761,783 bytes
Source original in Marriott Library Special Collections ; G59.5 2011 .K62
ARK ark:/87278/s6dn4kt3
Setname ir_etd
Date Created 2012-04-24
Date Modified 2017-10-02
ID 194528
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6dn4kt3
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