Heart surgery patients physiological and psychological recovery in relation to type of nursing psychological preparation and patients coping style.

Update item information
Publication Type thesis
School or College College of Nursing
Department Nursing
Author Williams, Mary
Contributor Hunt, Lee Ann
Title Heart surgery patients physiological and psychological recovery in relation to type of nursing psychological preparation and patients coping style.
Date 1980-08
Description This clinical study investigated variations of preparatory instruction and information and consistent supportive care designed to increase postoperative physiological and psychological recovery among patients having aortocoronary bypass graft surgery. Forty-five male patients, aged 50-75, were randomly assigned to one of three treatment conditions: (1) a combination of preparatory sensory and factual information and instruction (audiovisual presentation) and consistent supportive care and at stressful points throughout the hospitalization; (2) a single-session of preparatory sensory and factual information and instruction (audiovisual presentation) conducted after admission; and (3) consistent supportive care given by one nurse throughout the hospitalization at the same stressful points as the first condition, but without systematic preparatory information. In addition, scores on Byrne’s Revised Repression-Sensitization Scale were used to determine coping style. Byrne’s scale identifies three coping styles: sensitizers, neutrals, and repressors. However, in the population selected for this investigation the obtained distribution identified only neutrals and repressors. No sensitizers were present. The major purpose of this investigation was to determine if there is a preferred method to prepare patients having aortocoronary bypass graft surgery. Other areas investigated were general outcomes of patients experiencing aotocoronary bypass graft surgery according to coping style and coping style-intervention interaction. It was hypothesized that patients receiving the combination of preparatory and factual information and instruction and consistent supportive care would have a more favorable postoperative physiological and psychological recovery as measured by recovery indicators, complications, and patient self-ratings than either preparatory information alone or consistent supportive care alone. However, the results did not consistently support this hypothesis. The results consistently indicated that consistent supportive care only, without factual and sensory information of upcoming events is not as effective as preparatory information alone or the combination of preparatory information and consistent supportive care in producing positive results on recovery indicators, complications, and patient self-rating. No significant differences were found between patients receiving the combination of information and supportive care and those receiving only a single preparatory information session. However, evidence suggests that consistent supportive care in addition to preparatory information received in the combination treatment group, was relatively better than a single preparatory information session alone in that comparison of the three treatment intervention groups revealed more significant differences in favor of the combination treatment group. No consistent trend was demonstrated in favor of repressors or neutrals in relation to recovery. Several interactions between intervention and coping style were found.
Type Text
Publisher University of Utah
Subject Nursing; Cardiovascular Slystem; Diseases
Subject MESH Thoracic Surgery; Rehabilitation Nursing
Dissertation Institution University of Utah
Dissertation Name MS
Language eng
Relation is Version of Digital reproduction of "Heart surgery patients physiological and psychological recovery in relation to type of Nursing; psychological preparation and patients coping style." Spencer S. Eccles Health Sciences Library. Print version of "Heart surgery patients physiological and psychological recovery in relation to type of Nursing; psychological preparation and patients coping style." available at J. Willard Marriott Library Special Collection. RC 39.5 1980 W54.
Rights Management © Mary Williams.
Format Medium application/pdf
Identifier us-etd2,20267
Source Original: University of Utah Spencer S. Eccles Health Sciences Library (no longer available).
ARK ark:/87278/s6tt55dk
Setname ir_etd
Date Created 2012-04-23
Date Modified 2012-04-23
ID 192179
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6tt55dk
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