Anatomy of the Ocular Fundus

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Identifier Anatomy of the Ocular Fundus.pdf
Title Anatomy of the Ocular Fundus
Subject Ocular Fundus; Examination; Ophthalmoscopy; Fundus Photography; Red-Free Fundus Photography; Fluorescein Angiography; Normal
Creator Devin D. Mackay, MD Emory Eye Center Atlanta, Georgia; Valérie Biousse, MD Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine
Description A review of normal features of the ocular fundus. Fundus photography using various techniques illustrate anatomic features of the ocular fundus. - Figure 1 : A) Color fundus photograph of the left optic disc and peripapillary retina showing a normal optic disc, retinal arteries, retinal veins, and retinal nerve fiber layer. B) Magnified photograph of a normal retinal artery and retinal vein with a normal arteriolar light reflex. - Figure 2 : A) Color fundus photograph of the posterior pole in the right eye showing normal superior and inferior vascular arcades and macula. B) Magnified photograph of a normal macula and fovea. C) Posterior pole photograph illustrating that the temporal retina is divided from the nasal retina by an imaginary vertical line through the fovea. - Figure 3 : Color fundus photograph of right eye optic disc and peripapillary retina showing a normal optic cup and optic disc with a cup-to-disc ratio of 0.4. A cilioretinal artery is observed in the lower left portion of the photograph. - Figure 4 : A) Color fundus photograph of an optic disc and fenestrations of the lamina cribrosa visible within an enlarged optic cup. B) Color fundus photograph of a normal optic disc illustrating slightly more pallor of the temporal than nasal optic disc (a normal finding). - Figure 5 : Color fundus photograph of an optic disc and a normal finding of a sclera crescent. - Figure 6 : Color fundus photograph of optic discs with examples of various cup-to-disc (c/d) ratios. A-B) Cupless optic discs, c/d ratio 0.0. C-D) C/d ratio 0.4. E-F) C/d ratio 0.5. G-H) C/d ratio 0.7. - Figure 7 : Red-free fundus photograph highlighting the retinal nerve fiber layer in white. - Figure 8 : Fluorescein angiography photographs. A) Normal filling of the retinal arterioles with contrast and normal background contrast enhancement from choroidal vessel filling. B) Magnified photograph from a fluorescein angiogram showing normal filling of a retinal arteriole
Contributor Primary Devin D. Mackay, MD
Contributor Secondary Valérie Biousse, MD
Publisher Spencer S. Eccles Health Sciences Library, University of Utah, 10 N 1900 E, SLC, UT 84112-5890
Date 2015
Type Text
Format application/pdf
Rights Management Copyright 2015. For further information regarding the rights to this collection, please visit:
Holding Institution North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Association. NANOS Executive Office 5841 Cedar Lake Road, Suite 204, Minneapolis, MN 55416
Collection Neuro-ophthalmology Virtual Education Library: NOVEL
Language eng
ARK ark:/87278/s68d2ssq
Format Creation Created in Microsoft PowerPoint
Setname ehsl_novel_eec
Date Created 2015-04-06
Date Modified 2021-09-21
ID 177403
Reference URL