Evolution of the Journal of Neuro-Ophthalmology and the Clinical Ophthalmology Literature: A 20-Year Retrospective

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Title Evolution of the Journal of Neuro-Ophthalmology and the Clinical Ophthalmology Literature: A 20-Year Retrospective
Creator Kimberly D. Blankshain, Charlotte E. Joslin, Stacy L. Pineles, Heather E. Moss
Affiliation Department of Ophthalmology (KB), University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio; Departments of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences (CEJ) and Epidemiology (CEJ), University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois; Department of Ophthalmology (SLP), Stein Eye Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, California; Department of Ophthalmology (HEM), Byers Eye Institute, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California; and Department of Neurology and Neurological Sciences (HEM), Stanford University, Palo Alto, California
Abstract Evidence-based medicine relies on publication of studies that form the basis of the evidence. The studies vary by design including case reports and case series that propose clinical associations, cross-sectional or longitudinal observational studies with larger sample sizes that demonstrate statistical associations, and randomized control trials (RCTs) that compare interventions in matched groups to provide gold standard experimental evidence and meta-analyses, which distill findings of multiple studies. The concept of level of evidence is often applied to generate a hierarchy of study types based on the type of question being asked, with not all study types being applicable to all study questions, both due to the nature of the question (e.g., an RCT is not the best study for a question of prevalence or incidence) and/or feasibility (e.g., RCT may not be practical for study of a rare, slowly progressing disease). The Oxford Center for Evidence-Based Medicine offers excellent resources on this topic (1-3). There has been increasing recognition of the importance of study design and quality of reporting including development of consensus guidelines for reporting of certain study types (e.g., STROBE and CONSORT). Critical reading of the literature has become a focus at all levels of medical education.
OCR Text Show
Publisher Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
Date 2020-06
Type Text
Source Journal of Neuro-Ophthalmology, June 2020, Volume 40, Issue 2
Language eng
Rights Management © North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
Publication Type Journal Article
ARK ark:/87278/s62v85hk
Setname ehsl_novel_jno
Date Created 2020-09-14
Date Modified 2021-05-06
ID 1592872
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s62v85hk
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