International Flare Consortium Flare Emissions Literature Survey, Dec 2009

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Title International Flare Consortium Flare Emissions Literature Survey, Dec 2009
Creator Gogolek, P.; Caverly, Andrea; Pohl, J.; Schwartz, R.; Seebold, J.
Date 2012-09-05
Subject 2012 AFRC Meeting
Description Paper from 2012 AFRC Meeting.
Abstract Flares are an essential safety technology for the clean and economical disposal of combustible gases. They have been operating in refineries, chemical plants, steel mills, and other industries for over fifty years. These decades have seen the incremental improvement of the technology - smoke suppression, robust pilots, scale-up, monitoring. There have also been periods of intense scientific research increasing our understanding of the factors affecting flare performance, and quantifying the emissions from flares. Even so, there remains a fair amount of work that can be done. There are numerous difficulties in taking measurements from operating industrial flares. These include very high stacks (100 m or more), dangerous heat radiation to personnel and varying flame position due to changing flare gas flow rates and wind speed. The measurements on an operating flare give sparse coverage of the range of possible operating conditions and makes scientific conclusions difficult. This requires measurements to be taken on pilot-scale flares with controlled operating conditions or using remote sensing technology. The question of scale-up of pilot-scale measurements then becomes central. However, Extractive techniques are either single- or multi-point probes, hood capture, or wind tunnel. Each has its own strengths and weaknesses.
Type Text
Format application/pdf
Rights This material may be protected by copyright. Permission required for use in any form. For further information please contact the American Flame Research Committee.
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ARK ark:/87278/s6c53pgb
Setname uu_afrc
Date Created 2012-11-13
Date Modified 2015-10-30
ID 14211
Reference URL