Audio file copyright 2009, the Western Soundscape Archive at the University of Utah J. Willard Marriott Library, Westernsoundscape.org. Use of this audio file is allowed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 United States License; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/us/
Western Soundscape Archive; University of Utah
Deseret Land and Livestock Company
Compressed from .wav format into .mp3 delivery format
J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112; Ecological and animal data provided by NatureServe. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available http://www.natureserve.org/explorer.
Elk bugles are followed by three warning barks at the end of the recording; unidentified insects are heard in the background; Recorded at approximately 7:00 PM at the Deseret Land and Livestock Company ranch in northern Utah; Skies were clear, winds calm, with temperatures below 68 degrees Fahrenheit; Elk was bugling in a clearing near a small beaver pond above a steep draw; nearby vegetation included aspen trees; GPS coordinates were N 41 degrees 19.817' W 111 degrees 21.662'; Elevation 7605 feet; Recorded using a Telinga Stereo DAT Pro 6 parabolic microphone to a Sound Devices 722 recorder at a 44.1 kHz/24 bit sampling rate