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IdentifierTitleDescriptionSubject
1 3-31b3-31b - Papilledema StagesGrading Papilledema: Stage 0 GRADING PAPILLEDEMA GRADING PAPILLEDEMA We grade papilledema in order to tell us how severe it is. The most sensible grading scheme has been provided by Lars Frisén. STAGE 0: This woman had documented increased intracranial pressure of 340 mm water. Very little if any ...Papilledema Stages; Raised Intracranial Pressure
2 3-32b3-32b - Papilledema StagesGrading Papilledema: Stage 1 Stage 1 = C shaped blurring of the nasal, superior and inferior borders. Usually the temporal margin is normal. Also notice the chorio-retinal folds (arrows) that eminate toward the macula (m)Papilledema Stages; Raised Intracranial Pressure
3 3-33b3-33b - Papilledema StagesGrading Papilledema: Stage 2 = Elevation of the disc margin 360 degrees. Since the blood vessels at the disc margin are not swollen or obscured, this disc could be mistaken for pseudo-papilledema.Papilledema Stages; Raised Intracranial Pressure
4 3-34c3-34c Papilledema StagesGrading Papilledema: Stage 3 Stage 3 = Elevation of the entire disc with partial obscuration of the retinal vessels at the disc margin. Here the vessels are partly obscured and make the development into stage 3 easier to call.Papilledema Stages; Raised Intracranial Pressure
5 3-35a3-35a - Papilledema StagesGrading Papilledema: Stage 4 Stage 4 = Complete obliteration of the cup and complete obscuration of at least some vessels on the surface of the disc. There may be small dilated capillaries on the disc that resemble telangiectasia. It is not the NFL infarcts or hemorrhages but the obscuration of the ...Papilledema Stages; Raised Intracranial Pressure
6 3-36a3-36a - Papilledema StagesGrading Papilledema: Stage 5 Stage 5 = Dome-shaped appearance with all vessels being obscured. (Sometimes called "champagne cork" swelling--because of its dome shape.)Papilledema Stages; Raised Intracranial Pressure
7 3-66a3-66a - Shunt Vessels (post-papilledema)The retino-choroidal collaterals seen with chronic papilledema begin with a "Hairnet" of telangiectasias that gradually winnow down to one or more large collateral tortuous draining channel. The presence of these vessels is evidence of long standing disc swelling. When the CSF pressure is lowered, t...Shunt Vessels (post-papilledema)
8 3-66d3-66d - Shunt Vessels (post-papilledema)The retino-choroidal collaterals seen with chronic papilledema begin with a "Hairnet" of telangiectasias that gradually winnow down to one or more large collateral tortuous draining channel. The presence of these vessels is evidence of long standing disc swelling. When the CSF pressure is lowered, t...Shunt Vessels (post-papilledema)
9 Papilledema 2013.pdfPapilledema 2013Discussion of papilledema, the swelling due to increased pressure.Papilledema
10 stage 2Stage 2 - PapilledemaPapilledema Stages; Raised Intracranial Pressure
11 Stages of PapilledemaStages of PapilledemaPapilledema Stages; Raised Intracranial Pressure
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