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176 In search of homo economicus: behavioral experiments in 15 small scale societiesRecent investigations have uncovered large, consistent deviations from the predictions of the textbook representation of Homo economicus One problem appears to lie in economists' canonical assumption that individuals are entirely self-interested: in addition to their own material payoffs, many exper...Economic behavior; Self-interest; Fairness; Reciprocity2001
177 Utah Virtual Lab: JAVA interactivity for teaching science and statistics onlineThe Utah on-line Virtual Lab is a JAVA program run dynamically off a database. It is embedded in Stat-Center (www.psych.utah.edu/ learn/statsampler.html), an on-line collection of tools and text for teaching and learning statistics. Instructors author a statistical virtual reality that simulates the...Computer simulations; Science; Statistics2001
178 In the realm of legal and moral Philosophy; (Book Review)Reviews the book `In the Realm of Legal and Moral Philosophy;,' by Matthew H. Kramer.Books; Philosophy2001-01
179 Why hunter-gatherers work: An ancient version of the problem of public goodsFrom the abstract: People who hunt and gather for a living share some resources more widely than others. A favored hypothesis to explain the differential sharing is that giving up portions of large, unpredictable resources obligates others to return shares of them later, reducing everyone's variance...Hunter-gatherer societies; Public goods2001-08
180 Genetic structure of ancient human populationsDiscusses mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequences as important source of data about the history of human species.Tree of descent; Mismatch distributions; Simulations; Findings; Intermatch distributions; Younger and older populations2001-09-15
181 History of political theory and other essays (Book Review)Reviews the book `The History of Political Theory and Other Essays,' by John Dunn.Books; Political Theory2001-09-17
182 Looking backward: a critical appraisal of communitarian thought (Book Review)Reviews the book `Looking Backward: A Critical Appraisal of Communitarian Thought,' by Derek L. Phillips.Books; Communitarianism; Philosophy2001-09-17
183 Contributions of psychophysiology to research on adult attachment: review and recommendationsDespite the increasing use of psychophysiological measures to investigate social and interpersonal phenomena, few studies of adult romantic attachment have taken advantage of this approach. In this article I argue for a biologically-specific, theory-based integration of psychophysiological measures ...Attachment; Emotions; Physiology2001-10-08
184 Hunting and nuclear families: some lessons from the Hadza about men's workHadza hunter-gatherers display economic and social features usually assumed to indicate the dependence of wives and children on provisioning husbands and fathers. The wives and children of better Hadza hunters have been found to be better-nourished, consistent with the assumption that men hunt to pr...Subsistence economy; Tindiga, African people; Subsistence hunting2001-10-24
185 Can females gain additional paternal investment by mating with multiple males? a game theoretic approachAlthough females may require only one mating to become inseminated, many female animals engage in costly mating with multiple males. One potential benefit of polyandrous mating is gaining parental investment from multiple males. We developed two game theoretic models to explore this possibility. Our...Female multiple mating; Polyandry; Nonprocreative mating; Paternal investment; Mating benefits; Mating strategy2001-11
186 Living arrangements and socio-demographic conditions of older adults in CambodiaSince the takeover of Cambodia by the Khmer Rouge in 1975, analysis of social conditions in the country has been lacking. Only recently has dependable socio-demographic data become available. We use some of these data to examine living arrangements and other socio-demographic conditions among Cambod...Living arrangements; Older adults; Socio-demographic conditions; Coresident children2002
187 Forecasting the probability of failure of Thailand's financial companies in the Asian financial crisisThe financial crisis in Southeast Asia has gained widespread attention.1 In particular, the financial problems in Thailand since early February 1997 have been a major focus of this attention. Even enthusiasts for the McKinnon-Shaw arguments for financial liberalization (eliminating financial repres...2002
188 Information and communications technologies: bugs in the generational ointment?The uses and impacts of information and communications technologies IICTsl. are not smooth, linear or fairy-tale like in dusting society with benefits. In development, adoption, uses and impacts. technologies shape. and are shaped by social relations and social structures. Generational relations a...Information; Communication; Technologies; Social relations2002
189 Online Homework/Quiz/Exam Applet: Freely available Java software for evaluating performance onlineThe Homework/Quiz/Exam applet is a freely available Java program that can be used to evaluate student performance on line for any content authored by a teacher. It has database connectivity so that student scores are automatically recorded. It allows several different types of questions. Each questi...Online coursework; Online course materials2002
190 Changes in functional limitations and survival among the elderly in Taiwan: 1993, 1996, and 1999This paper focuses on changes in the prevalence of functional limitations among nationally representative samples of adults aged 65 and older in Taiwan as measured in 1993, 1996, and 1999. Using data from the Survey of Health and Living Status of the Elderly in Taiwan, we investigate changes in diff...Functional limitation; Climbing stairs2002
191 Generational consciousness of and for womenRelying and building on an analytical framework of gendered generation, the question is posed of whether there is a greater or lesser interconnected consciousness among generations of women. Generational consciousness for women may be both thicker and more britte than it is for men. Both patriarchy...Gendered generations; Feminism; Generational consciousness2002
192 Open courseware and shared knowledge in higher educationMost college and university campuses in the United States and much of the developed world today maintain one, two, or several learning management systems (LMSs), which are courseware products that provide students and faculty with Web-based tools to manage course-related applications. Since the mid-...Learning management systems; Courseware2002
193 Visual perception without awareness in a patient with posterior cortical atrophy: impaired explicit but not implicit processing of global informationA patient with progressive posterior cortical atrophy (PCA) was examined on several tests of visual cognition. The patient displayed multiple visual cognitive deficits, which included problems identifying degraded stimuli, attending to two or more stimuli simultaneously, recognizing faces, tracing s...Posterior cortical atrophy; Global-local processing; Consciousness; Balint's syndrome; Simultanagnoisa2002
194 Infant deaths in Utah, 1850-1939Of all the health revolutions that have taken place in the United States since 1850, the reduction of infant mortality is arguably the most dramatic and far-reaching. Because of the incompleteness and unreliability of surviving vital records,, we will probably never know precisely the rate of infan...Death; Utah; Infant mortality2002
195 Dynamic systems theory places the scientist in the systemDynamic systems theory is a way of describing the patterns that emerge from relationships in the universe. In the study of interpersonal relationships, within and between species, the scientist is an active and engaged participant in those relationships. Separation between self and other, scientist...2002
196 Crisis management in Russia: overcoming institutional rigidity and resource constraintsThe editors would like to express their gratitude to a number of persons and institutions for making this book on Russian crisis management possible. We are grateful for the generous financial support from the Swedish Agency for Civil Emergency Planning (?CB) which has made the CM Europe program (of...2002
197 Continuities and transformations: challenges to capturing information about the 'Information Society'Continuous change and radical transformations are intrinsic and often contradictory in the 'Information Society.' If the 'Information Society' marks a radical social shift, i.e. discontinuous change, then theorizing what the phenomenon is becomes crucial in capturing useful information about it. Yet...Social process; Information; Computer technologies2002
198 Does immigration induce urban sprawl? A dynamic demographic analysis for the U. S.This article, utilizing U.S. Census data from 1980 and 1990, probes the relationship between immigration and urban sprawl. The preliminary findings reveal that native-born and foreign-born populations are very different regarding their household behaviors. Population growth caused by immigration is...Urban sprawl; Immigration; Household growth; Population growth2002
199 Are peasants risk-averse decision makers?For decades, researchers studying small-scale, subsistence-oriented farmers have sought to explain why these "peasants" seem slow to acquire new technologies, novel agricultural practices, and new ideas from the larger societies that have engulfed them. The early work on this question suggested that...Subsistance farmers; Risk-aversion; Risk-taking; Cultural conservatism; Cost-benefit analysis2002
200 Fertility and post-reproductive longevityWe examine the effects of reproduction on longevity among mothers and fathers after age 60. This study is motivated by evolutionary theories of aging and theories predicting social benefits and costs of children to older parents. We use the Utah Population Database, that includes a large genealogic...Fertility; Post-reproductiivity; Longevity2002
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