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176 Rocking the foundations of cartesian knowledge: critical notice of Janet Broughton, descartes's method of doubtJanet Broughton's Descartes's Method of Doubt†1 is a systematic study of the role of doubt in Descartes's epistemology. The book has two parts. Part 1 focuses on the development of doubt in the First Meditation, exploring such topics as the motivation behind methodic doubt; the targeted audience...Super-indubitables; Canonical circularity; Clear and distinct truths'2004-01
177 Role of psychology in the study of cultureAlthough we are enthusiastic about a Darwinian approach to culture, we argue that the overview presented in the target article does not sufficiently emphasize the crucial explanatory role that psychology plays in the study of culture. We use a number of examples to illustrate the variety of ways by...2006
178 Roles of the family in making health care decisions for incompetent patientsThis article is about the roles of the family in making health care decisions for incompetent patients. It argues that complex moral reasons call for the participation of families in decision making for incompetents. However, these moral reasons do not support a single model of the family's role for...Family; Health Care Decisions; Patients; Family Rights2006-06-16
179 Rulers' choicePlato undertook in the Republic to show that "it is in every way better to be just than unjust" (Book II, 357b1 -- 2). What did he mean by this? I would like to focus on two relevant questions. 1) Did he believe that invariably the more just a person is, the better it is for him? We should prefer t...Republic; Plato; Justice1986
180 Ryle and the para-mechanicalThe thesis of this paper is the unconventional claim that Gilbert Ryle is not a logical behaviorist. The popular account of Ryle clearly places his work in The Concept of Mind (1949) in the camp of logical behaviorist.1 The object of this paper, however, will be to illustrate how the conventional in...Behaviorist; Logical behaviorism2000
181 Scott Ames: a man giving up on himselfThe tragic story of Scott Ames raises a fundamental question concerning involuntary commitment of patients when suicide seems likely. What right has a physician ever to interfere when apatient proposes to take his own life? Under ordinary cirucmstances one argues that because of depression, or some ...Suicide prevention; Scott Ames2003
182 Seven (more) caveats concerning the discussion of euthanasia in the NetherlandsDiscussion in the U.S. about euthanasia in the Netherlands is characterized by profound disagreement, both about what the practice actually is and what risks it involves. Some time ago, I put together a little list1 of seven warnings for bioethicists embroiled in this discussion-things one ought to...1993
183 Seven caveats concerning the discussion of euthanasia in HollandAs the discussion of voluntary active euthanasia heats up in the United States (indeed, I believe it will be the major social issue of the next decade, replacing abortion in that role), increasing attention is being given to its practice in the Netherlands. Proponents of the view that the United Sta...1990
184 Sex & consequences: world population growth vs. reproductive rightsConflict between concern over global population growth (still rising precipitously, even though growth rates have slowed) and concern for reproductive rights is intense. NeoMalthusians, on the one hand, point to the dire consequences of overpopulation; feminist defenders of reproductive rights and ...Reproduction; Population growth; Birth control; Feminism1997
185 Socializing naturalized Philosophy; of sciencePresents an approach to naturalized Philosophy; of science that considers the nature of scientific practice. Cognitive individualism; Three-level model of the social nature of scientific practice.Individualsim; Science, Philosophy2001-09-11
186 Some issues in Ortega y Gasset's critique of Heidegger's doctrine of SeinThe purpose of this paper is to propose a hypothesis to illuminate Ortega's critical response to Heidegger's question of being (Seinsfrage). While Ortega integrated the classical requirements for the idea of Being into his idea of human life as radical reality, Heidegger's delineation of human life...1991
187 Some questions in R. G. Collingwood's theory of historical understandingIn this essay I would like to examine some problems that are suggested to me by R. G. Collingwood's Philosophy; of historical understanding. My method of examination will be as follows: (1) to show that Collingwood's struggle to maintain his thesis that "history is the re-thinking of past thoughts"...History; Philosophy;; Collingwood, R. G. (Robin George), 1889-19431977
188 Stoic valuesRM: Copyright © 1990, The Monist: An International Journal of General Philosophical Inquiry, Peru, Illinois, U.S.A., 61354, reproduced by permission. Discusses the values of Stoicism which say noting concrete about how a virtuous person should go about making choices and examines the Stoics im...Virtuous; Indifferent; Worth1990
189 Strategies of model building in population geneticsIn 1966, Richard Levins argued that there are different strategies in model building in population biology. In this paper, I reply to Orzack and Sober's (1993) critiques of Levins and argue that his view on modeling strategies apply also in the context of evolutionary genetics. In particular, I arg...2006
190 Suicide and ethical theoryExcept in the present century, suicide has been viewed throughout Western history as an act having ethical significance, one for which moral blame or praise was a proper response. Response, of course, varied with the times. During the Stoic era of Greece and Rome, suicide was praised as the morall...Ethical theory1983
191 Suicidology and the right to dieAs suicidology reflects on the issue of the right to die, it can make no bigger mistake than by seeing suicide and suicidal behavior in short-sighted isolation, without reference to the cultural context within which it occurs. Two kinds of myopia currently afflict us in particularly constricting way...1993
192 Summaries and comments on Lappin, S. Sorts, ontology and metaphor: the semantics of sortal structureIn this interesting study, Shalom Lappin argues that any adequate theory of sortal incorrectness must meet four requirements. First, it must account for the truth valuelessness of sortally incorrect sentences. Second, it must provide a means of distinguishing truth valuelessness arising from sortal...Valuelessness; Incorrectness1983
193 SystemsDynamical-systems analysis is nowadays ubiquitous. From engineering (its point of origin and natural home) to physiology, and from psychology to ecology, it enjoys surprisingly wide application. Sometimes the analysis rings decisively false-as, for example, when adopted in certain treatments of hist...2009
194 Telling confessions: confidentiality in the practice of religionWHEN, if ever, may or should a professional practitioner reveal a confidential disclosure? This is a question of moral concern that arises in many areas of professional ethics. Those who have access to private information include many individuals, among them physicians, psychiatrists, attorneys, tea...1983
195 Terminal sedation: pulling the sheet over our eyesTerminal sedation-also called "palliative sedation," "continuous deep sedation," or "primary deep continuous sedation"-has become a new favorite in end-of-life care, a seeming compromise in the debate over physician-assisted dying. Like all compromises, it offers something to each side of a dispu...Terminal sedation; Palliative sedation2008
196 Textbook of healthcare ethicsLoewy's Textbook of Healthcare Ethics is one of the very few books that is better than its title. It is a textbook; it does address ethics; and it does survey a broad range of issues in health care. Of course it includes the usual theoretical rubrics like autonomy and responsibility, physician/patie...1988
197 Textbook of healthcare ethics (Book Review)Reviews the book `Textbook of Healthcare Ethics,' by Erich H. Loewy.Books; Ethics; Healthcare2001-09-17
198 Thick ethical concepts and the fact-value distinctionOver the last few years, the ‘fact-value distinction' (FVD) has become increasingly unfashionable, due in part to a number of arguments adduced against it. I myself do not believe the FVD can be maintained, and I think there are good arguments against it. But I have my doubts about the cogency of...Philosophy;; Ethics1995
199 To die or not to die? (Book Review)Reviews the book `To Die or Not to Die? Cross-disciplinary, Cultural, and Legal Perspectives on the Right to Choose Death,' edited by Arthur S. Berger and Joyce Berger.Books; Law; Death1992-07
200 To die or not to die? cross-disciplinary, cultural, and legal perspectives on the right to choose deathOne things to lament, as public discussion of the right to die approaches a rolling boil, is the insularity of American View about withholding and with-drawing treatment, euthanasia and suicide. To Die or Not to Die? presents ten papers which challenge this insularity from the points of view of vary...1992
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