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151 Williams, Clayton C.Direct imaging of SiO2 thickness variation on Si using modified atomic force microscopeFabrication techniques of metal-oxide-semiconductor ~(MOS) transistors have been improved very rapidly during the last several decades. With this trend, scaling down of MOS transistors is necessary to improve the speed of circuits and the packing density of discrete devices. Both lateral and vertic...Silicon dioxide; Oxide layer; Phosphorus ions; Oxide capacitance; Dopant profile1996-03-01
152 Vardeny, Zeev ValentineDirectional emission from asymmetric microlaser resonators of ∏-conjugated polymersA ∏-conjugated polymer film was fabricated into an asymmetric microlaser resonator having a quadrapole deformation with irregular boundaries and a Q factor of 600. At high excitation intensities above the threshold for lasing, we observed multimode laser emission spectra and directional emission a...Directional emission; Asymmetric microlaser resonators; pi-conjugated polymers; DOO-PPV; poly(dioctyloxy) phenylene vinylene2004
153 Gondolo, PaoloDirectional recoil rates for WIMP direct detectionNew techniques for the laboratory direct detection of dark matter weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) are sensitive to the recoil direction of the struck nuclei.We compute and compare the directional recoil rates dR/d cosθ, (where θ is the angle measured from a reference direction in th...WIMP; Weakly interacting massive particles; WMAP 3; Directional recoil; Halo models2008-02
154 Symko, Orest GeorgeDiscrete spatial filtering with SQUID gradiometers in biomagnetismFirst-, second-, and third-order gradiometers used in detecting biomagnetic signals are analyzed as spatial niters. Their transfer functions independent of the source to be measured are presented and both the magnitude and phase characteristics of the transfer functions are analyzed. The distortion ...Spatial filtering; SQUID gradiometers; Fourier transform1986
155 Vardeny, Zeev ValentineDisorder-induced TA Raman lines in mixed Cu-halide crystalsThe Raman spectra of CuClxBr1=x and CuBrxI1=x solid solutions are shown to contain extremely intense disorder-induced first-order TA phonons. The intensity of these lines is a function of the concentration x, and is highest in CuCl0.6oBr0.40. The TA spectrum, well resolved at low temperature, fits...Cuprous halides; CuBr; CuCl; CuI; mixed Cu-halide crystals1979-03
156 Vardeny, Zeev Valentine; Ehrenfreund, Eitan A.Dispersion of resonant Raman scattering in ∏-conjugated polymers: role of the even parity excitonsResonant Raman scattering dispersion of the most strongly coupled phonon frequencies with the excitation laser photon energy is measured in terms of a dispersion rate parameter D and quantified in a variety of p conjugated polymer films. D was found to be large in nonluminescent polymers and small i...Resonant raman scattering; Even parity excitons1997-09
157 Symko, Orest GeorgeDoes the quasicrystal AlCuFe follow Ohm's law?We present the first measurements of the electrical I-V characteristics of AlCuFe quasicrystalline thin films processed by solid state interdiffusion of magnetron sputtered Al, Cu, and Fe layers. Despite the peculiar electronic properties of quasicrystals, our results show that those samples follow ...AlCuFe; Quasicrystal1994-10
158 Vardeny, Zeev ValentineDouble-modulation electro-optic sampling for pump-and-probe ultrafast correlation measurementsWe describe a novel electro-optic double-modulation (DM) sampling technique for ultrafast transient spectroscopy, which is characterized by a superior signal-to-noise ratio compared to that of a regular single-modulation technique. DM is achieved by a combined effect of a radio-frequency modulation,...Double-modulation; Electro-optic sampling; Ultrafast transient spectroscopy; Pump; Probe1998
159 Mattis, Daniel C.Dynamic properties of a nonsuperfluid Bose liquid in the random-phase approximationThe dynamic structure factor S(k,w) of a nonideal Bose liquid is calculated within the random-phase approximation and compared with neutron scattering data by Cowley and Woods for liquid helium in the temperature range Tλ<T≤4.2°K, with the conclusion that the model is wholly inadequate. A low-f...Bose liquid; Random-phase approximation; Overdamping1974-11
160 Wu, Yong-ShiDynamics of giant-gravitons in the LLM geometry and the fractional quantum Hall effectThe LLM's 1/2 BPS solutions of IIB supergravity are known to be closely related to the integer quantum Hall droplets with filling factor v = 1, and the giant gravitons in the LLM geometry behave like the quasi-holes in those droplets. In this paper we consider how the fractional quantum Hall effect ...2006
161 Mattis, Daniel C.Dynamics of quasiparticles in the two-dimensional Hubbard modelThe Hubbard model at half-filling is a collective, antiferromagnetic insulator. We study added electrons or holes. The insulating energy gap and the dispersion of the added carriers are calculated variationally in two dimensions with use of a Monte Carlo evaluation of the electronic correlation f...Dispersion; Electrons; Carriers1990
162 Ailion, David CharlesDynamics of the pinned modulation wave in incommensurate bis (4-chlorophenyl) sulfone (BCPS)We show that both the anomalously huge resonance-frequency dependence of the 3 5Cl nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) spin-lattice relaxation time in BCPS, reported here for the first time, and its anomalous temperature dependence can be explained by large-scale fluctuations of the pinned modulation...NQR; Spin-lattice; Relaxation-time; Pinned modulation wave2002
163 Symko, Orest GeorgeEffect of RKKY interactions on the magnetization of dilute magnetic alloys with hcp hostsThe magnetization due to the presence of magnetic impurities dissolved dilutely in nonmagnetic H.C.P. host metals has been calculated assuming a fine structure splitting by an axially symmetric crystal field and an RKKY interaction between the impurities. To compute the RKKY contribution, the inte...RKKY interactions; Dilute magnetic alloys; HCP hosts; MgMn; ZnMn1981
164 Gondolo, PaoloEffect of a late decaying scalar on the neutralino relic densityIf the energy density of the Universe before nucleosynthesis is dominated by a scalar field Ø that decays and reheats the plasma to a temperature TRH smaller than the standard neutralino freeze-out temperature, the neutralino relic density differs from its standard value. In this case, the relic de...Neutralinos; Relic density; Reheating temperature2006-10
165 Mattis, Daniel C.Effect of band structure on ferromagnetism*We extend Nagaoka's study of the ferromagnetism of nearly half-filled bands in the infinite-repulsion limit of the Hubbard model by including next-nearest-neighbor tight-binding overlap matrix elements K2. Particles can now get past one another, even in one dimension. We find corroboration of Nagaok...Eigenstates; Spin waves1974-08
166 Vardeny, Zeev ValentineEffect of bias illumination on photoinduced absorption decay in ?-Si:HZeldov and Weiser1 proposed a model to explain the influence of optical biasing on the decay of photoinduced absorption (PA) in ?-Si:H at high temperatures observed by Pfost, Vardeny, and Tauc.2 This model differs from the model originally used2 for interpreting the experimental data at temperatures...Optical biasing; Bias illumination; Photoinduced absorption decay; a-Si:H; Amorphous silicon1985
167 Sokolsky, PierreEffect of clouds on apertures of space-based air fluorescence detectorsSpace-based ultra-high-energy cosmic ray detectors observe fluorescence light from extensive air showers produced by these particles in the troposphere. Clouds can scatter and absorb this light and produce systematic errors in energy determination and spectrum normalization. We study the possibilit...Fluorescence; Cloud detection; Extensive air showers2004-01
168 Symko, Orest GeorgeEffect of crystal field on the magnetization of dilute hcp alloysMagnetization measurements on very dilute single-crystal alloys of Mg-Mn, Zn-Mn, and Zn-Cr in the temperature range of 2-0.008 K show that the ground state of these systems is determined by fine-structure splitting. For Mg-Mn the fine-structure constant D is +0.006 K with an effective spin of f whil...HCP alloys; Crystal field; Magnetization; Mg-Mn; Zn-Mn; Zn-Cr1982-04
169 Gondolo, PaoloEffect of dark matter on the first stars: a new phase of stellar evolutionDark matter (DM) in protostellar halos can dramatically alter the current theoretical framework for the formation of the first stars. Heat from supersymmetric DM annihilation can overwhelm any cooling mechanism, consequently impeding the star formation process and possibly leading to a new stellar ...Dark stars2008
170 Mishchenko, EugeneEffect of electron-electron interactions on the conductivity of clean grapheneMinimal conductivity of a single undoped graphene layer is known to be of the order of the conductance quantum, independent of the electron velocity. We show that this universality does not survive electron-electron interaction, which results in nontrivial frequency dependence. We begin with analyzi...Optical conductivity; Perturbation theory2007-05
171 Boehme, ChristophEffect of exchange coupling on coherently controlled spin-dependent transition ratesThe effect of exchange interactions within spin pairs on spin-dependent transport and recombination rates through localized states in semiconductors during coherent electron-spin resonant excitation is studied theoretically. It is shown that for identical spin systems, significant quantitative diff...Spin coherence; Electron spin nutations2008-06
172 Mattis, Daniel C.Effect of exciton hopping upon the mass of an excitonA plausible formula derived in a previous paper for the mass Mn* of an exciton in an nth bound state of the electron-hole binding potential is extended so as to include the effect of an exciton-hopping (or Heller-Marcus) mechanism upon Mn*.Frenkel excitons; Exciton-hopping; Heller-Marcus energy; Binding potential1985-10
173 Gerton, JordanEffect of magnetic Gd impurities on the superconducting state of amorphous Mo-Ge thin films with different thickness and morphologyWe studied the effect of magnetic doping with Gd atoms on the superconducting properties of amorphous Mo70Ge30 films. We observed that in uniform films deposited on amorphous Ge, the pair-breaking strength per impurity strongly decreases with film thickness initially and saturates at a finite value ...2012-01-01
174 Rogachev, AndreyEffect of morphology on the superconductor-insulator transition in one-dimensional nanowiresWe study the effect of morphology on the low-temperature behavior of superconducting nanowires which vary in length from 86 nm to 188 nm. A well-defined superconductor-insulator transition is observed only in the family of homogeneous wires, in which case the transition occurs when the normal resist...One-dimensional wires; Superconductor-insulator transition; Homogeneous wires; Inhomogeneous wires; Morphology; Low-temperature behavior2004-05
175 Mattis, Daniel C.Effect of spin variables and exciton motion on ground-state properties of the "trionWe solve a quantum three-body problem involving two holes and a single electron ("trion") in a two-band Hubbard model. The particles' spin and the exciton hopping matrix element are all included. We compare the results with those of a previous paper, in which these additional complications were abs...Three-body problem; Trion; Bond energies1983-03
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