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151 Selective motor unit recruitment via intrafascicular multielectrode stimulationRecruitment of force via independent asynchronous firing of large numbers of motor units produces the grace and endurance of physiological motion. We have investigated the possibility of reproducing this physiological recruitment strategy by determining the selectivity of access to large numbers of ...Funtional Neuromuscular Stimulation; Microelectrode Array; Neuroprosthesis; Intrafascicular Multielectrode Stimulation; Cats2004
152 Selective MR imaging approach for evaluation of patients with Horner's syndrome.PURPOSE: To assess the usefulness of MR in the evaluation of patients with Horner's syndrome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We prospectively performed MR imaging in 33 patients with Horner's syndrome (13 preganglionic and 20 postganglionic) using a protocol specifically designed for pre- and postganglionic ...Horner Syndrome; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Epidemiology1992-01
153 Senior-Løken syndrome: a syndromic form of retinal dystrophy associated with nephronophthisisSenior-Løken syndrome (SLS) is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by development of a retinitis (RP)- or Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA)-like retinal dystrophy and a medullary cystic kidney disease, nephronophthisis. Mutations in several genes (called nephrocystins) have been shown to ca...2012-01-01
154 Serum and macular responses to antioxidant supplementation verus a carotenoid-rich dietary intervention in the elderly.The aim of this study was to observe responses of serum antioxidants, oxidative stress biomarkers, and macular carotenoid pigments to antioxidant supplements or dietary intervention in a single-masked, randomized, pilot clinical study of elderly subjects receiving antioxidant supplements or a dietar...Macula; Serum Carotenoids; Zeaxanthin2006-02-01
155 Serum vitamin A concentration is elevated in idiopathic intracranial hypertension.OBJECTIVE: The primary purpose was to investigate whether serum vitamin A concentration is associated with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). The secondary aim was to obtain pilot data regarding the amount of vitamin A ingested by patients and controls. BACKGROUND: Vitamin A is an attractiv...Vitamin A; Retinol; Idiopathic intracranial hypertension; Chromatography2007-02-01
156 Signal integration at the pedicle of turtle cone photoreceptors: an anatomical and electrophysiological studyThe morphology of the axon which connects the cell body and pedicle of turtle cone photoreceptors was studied by light and electron microscopy. The axon which contains numerous synaptic vesicles, some endoplasmic reticulum, and a few cisternae is basically filled with cytoplasm. The length of the ax...Cone Photoreceptor, Voltage Clamp; Isolated Cells; Input Resistance; Cell Body-Pedicle Coupling1989
157 Signal transmission from red cones to horizontal cells in the turtle retina1. Intracellular recordings were made from L-type horizontal cells in the retina of the turtle Pseudemys scripta elegans. The responses were evoked by 500 msec pulses of 'white' light. 2. L-type horizontal cells were classified as either, 'small receptive field' s.r.f. or 'large receptive field' l.r...Turtles; Synapses; Retina; Photoreceptors1979
158 Significance of CT and MR findings in sphenoid sinus disease.Disorders of the paranasal sinuses, particularly the sphenoid sinus, can be associated with significant disorders of the optic and other cranial nerves. We examined 100 consecutive routine CT scans, 100 posterior fossa CT scans, and 100 MR scans to look for evidence of sinus disease, especially of t...Sphenoid Sinus; Vision Disorders; Paranasal Sinus Diseases; Magnetic Resonance Imaging1989-05
159 Silicon carbide enhanced thermomigrationThe widespread acceptance of thermomigration technology to produce through-chip interconnects has been impaired by (i) a random walk of the Si-Al liquid eutectic inclusion as it traverses the wafer, and (ii) a ?surface barrier? which allows thermomigration of only relatively large inclusions. In ...Silicon Dioxide; Thermometers; Transducers; Thermomigration Technology; Infrared Lamps1992
160 Silicon-based, three-dimensional neural interface: manufacturing processes for an intracortical electrode arrayA method has been developed for the manufacture of a "three-dimensional" electrode array geometry for chronic intracortical stimulation. This silicon based array consists of a 4.2 x 4.2 x 0.12 mm thick monocrystalline substrate, from which project 100 conductive, silicon needles sharpened to facilit...Electric Stimulation; Electrodes, Implanted; Sensory Cortex; Intracortical Electrode Array1991
161 Skin carotenoid status measured by resonance Raman spectroscopy as a biomarker of fruit and vegetable intake in preschool childrenBackground/Objective: Dietary assessment in children is difficult, suggesting a need to develop more objective biomarkers of intake. Resonance Raman spectroscopy (RRS) is a noninvasive, validated method of measuring carotenoid status in skin as a biomarker of fruit/vegetable intake. The purpose of t...2012-01-01
162 Sonic hedgehog promotes rod photoreceptor differentiation in mammalian retinal cells in vitro.The hedgehog gene family encodes secreted proteins important in many developmental patterning events in both vertebrates and invertebrates. In the Drosophila eye disk, hedgehog controls the progression of photoreceptor differentiation in the morphogenetic furrow. To investigate whether hedgehog prot...Sonic hedgehog; Indian hedgehog; Desert hedgehog; Retina; Mitogenesis; Differentiation; Rod Photoreceptor1997-08-15
163 Spectrum and frequency of FZD4 mutations in familial exudative vitreoretinopathyMutations in the frizzled-4 gene (FZD4) have recently been associated with autosomal dominant familial exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR) in families linking to the EVR1 locus on the long arm of chromosome 11. The purpose of this study was to screen FZD4 in a panel of 40 patients with FEVR to ident...Frizzled-4 gene; FZD4; Mutation; autosomal dominant familial exudative autosomal dominant familial exudative; FEVR2004
164 Statistical encoding model for a primary motor cortical brain-computer interfaceA number of studies of the motor system suggest that the majority of primary motor cortical neurons represent simple movement-related kinematic and dynamic quantities in their time-varying activity patterns. An example of such an encoding relationship is the cosine tuning of firing rate with respect...Discrete Distribution; LN Model; Neural Decoding; Neuroprosthetics; Sequential Monte-Carlo Filter2005
165 Strabismus surgery complications: prevention and managementStrabismus surgery is increasingly becoming a subspecialty domain, especially with cyclovertical muscles, restricted muscles, or reoperations. While is impossible to completely eliminate complications from strabimus surgery, it is possible to minimize their occurrence and significance by proper prev...Malignant hyperthermia; Overcorrection; Strabismus; Surgery; Undercorrection2003
166 Study of printed spiral coils for neuroprosthetic transcranial telemetry applicationsWe have explored the use of printed spiral coils (PSC's) for neuroprosthetic transcranial telemetry applications. We fabricated two-dimensional PSC's on a thin (25 microns) polyimide substrate using copper (35 microns) as a conducting material. All the coils had a fixed inner diameter of 1.0 cm. We ...Blindness; Neuroprosthesis; Transcranial Telemetry System; Prosthesis Design1998
167 Suturing a tear of the anterior capsulorhexisAIM: To describe a new technique of suturing a tear in the anterior capsulorhexis. METHODS: Continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis (CCC) with lens removal was done in five fresh cadaver eyes. The diameter of the CCC was measured with a calliper. Using the same calliper a tear of the CCC was created wh...Continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis; intraocular lens implantation; tear2006
168 Synaptic inputs to physiologically defined turtle retinal ganglion cellsTwo physiologically distinct, HRP-marked turtle retinal ganglion cells were examined for their morphology, GABAergic, glycinergic, and bipolar cell synaptic inputs, using electron-microscopic autoradiography and postembedding immunocytochemistry. One cell was a color-opponent, transient ON/OFF gangl...Turtles; Neural Pathways; Synapes; Retinal Ganglion Cells1991
169 Terson syndrome: CT evaluation in 12 patients.PURPOSE: Terson syndrome may be overlooked in the acute setting and often requires ophthalmologic intervention to prevent long-term visual loss. In this syndrome, vitreous or retinal hemorrhage results from an abrupt rise in intracranial pressure, leading to retinal venous hypertension and intraocul...Retinal Hemorrhage; Visual Acuity; Vitreous Hemorrhage1998-04
170 Three-dimensional architecture for a parallel processing photosensing arrayA three-dimensional architecture for a photosensing array has been developed. This silicon based architecture consists of a 10 x 10 array of photosensors with 80 microns diameter, through chip interconnects to the back side of a 500 microns thick silicon wafer. Each photosensor consists of a 300 x 3...Retina; Optics; Silicon; Photosensing1992
171 Three-year clinical comparison of 3-piece AcrySof and SI-40 silicone intraocular lensesPURPOSE: To compare the 3-year performance of the 3-piece AcrySof (Alcon) and the SI-40 silicone (Allergan) intraocular lenses (IOLs). SETTING: John A. Moran Eye Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. METHODS: In this retrospective study, patients with no complications and at least a...Acrylic Resins; Silicone Elastomers; Prosthesis Design; Postoperative Complications; Patient Satisfaction; Cataract2002-07
172 Tissue-specific expression in transgenic mice directed by the 5'-flanking sequences of the human gene encoding interphotoreceptor retinoid-binding proteinInterphotoreceptor retinoid-binding protein (IRBP) is an extracellular protein that has been suggested to participate in the visual process as a carrier for visual retinoids. A chimeric gene composed of the human IRBP promoter fused to the bacterial reporter gene chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (C...Restriction Mapping; Nucleic Acid Hybridization; Mice; Gene Expression1990-05-25
173 Torn posterior capsule: prevention, recognition and managementModern cataract surgery performed with phacoemulsification allows meticulous intraocular control and minimal incision size, but has the inherent risk of capsular rupture. Therefore, surgeons performing cataract surgery will inevitably face the complication of a torn posterior capsule. Torn posteri...Capsulorrhexis complications; Phacoemulsification; Posterior capsular tears; Shallow anterior chamber; Suprachoroidal hemorrhage; Vitrectomy1999
174 Transformations of selected carotenoids in plasma, liver, and ocular tissues of humans and in nonprimate animal modelsPURPOSE: To determine the stereochemistry of carotenoids in human ocular tissues in comparison with plasma and liver and to elucidate the possible transformations of dietary (3R,3'R,6'R)-lutein and (3R,3'R)-zeaxanthin in the eye. Similarly, to characterize the carotenoid profiles in the eye tissues,...Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid; Stereoisomerism; Xanthophylls2002
175 Treatment of herpes simplex labialis.Recurrent herpes simplex labialis is associated with mild morbidity, but remains a significant problem for people with frequent and/or severe recurrences. Both topical and peroral episodic antiviral treatments of recurrences are modestly effective at reducing the duration of signs and symptoms. Rece...Randomized Controlled Trials; Steroids; Drug Administration Routes2002
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