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126 Supranuclear Paralysis of DowngazeThe patient is a 64 year old man with no major past medical history who, on the day of admission, suddenly developed loss of vision in both eyes and then was unable to open his eyes on his own unless he used his hands. Holding his eyelids open his vision was very blurry. Within minutes he lost con...Image/MovingImage
127 Transient Monocular BlindnessThe patient is a 61 year old lawyer who carried a diagnoses of late onset diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and glaucoma. He presented with transient blurred vision in his left eye (OS) In June 1989 whilst standing in the intense sunlight in the parking lot of a shopping mall, the p...Image/MovingImage
128 Hemifacial SpasmThe patient is a 72 year old man with myopia, childhood exotropia, progressive age related ptosis and right hemifacial spasm. Hemifacial spasm (HS) most often begins insidiously in the orbicularis oculi muscle in the early stages, as in this man. He presented with a 2 year history of involuntary t...Image/MovingImage
129 Sixth Nerve PalsyThis 46 year old patient had at age 6, a tendency for the left eye to wander out. Her face photograph at that age shows an exotropia and at age 7, a year later, the exotropia was not quite as prominent. It was assumed that the exotropia was due to a non-paralytic strabismus. Past History: ...Image/MovingImage
130 Upbeat NystagmusThe patient is a 36 year old Korean doctor who arrived from Korea in November 1994. On 12/25/94 she developed a painful erythematous eruption along her upper back extending toward her right shoulder. A physician diagnosed herpes zoster and prescribed a five day course of Acyclovir with good resolut...Image/MovingImage
131 Slow Saccade SyndromeIn 1992, this 60 year old woman realized that she was "slowing up", dragging her right foot and walking slowly, and her speech became slurred. She saw a number of physicians and was given the diagnosis of Parkinson's disease and started on Sinemet 50/200 t.i.d. In January 1994, she was seen by a n...Image/MovingImage
132 Supranuclear Paralysis of Up and DowngazeThe patient is a 44 year old woman with a past history of ethanol abuse. She was transferred to the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) on 3/10/93 for evaluation of memory impairment, hypothalamic dysfunction and a one month history of diplopia and ataxia. In February 1992 (13 months PTA), she ...Image/MovingImage
133 Congenital NystagmusThis 34 year old physician has had a life long problem with congenital nystagmus. He was an orphan and his adopted parents took him to see a pediatrician when he was very small. A missed diagnosis of a "lazy eye" was made. Subsequently, at the age of 9, when he complained of intermittent blurred ...Image/MovingImage
134 Bilateral Sixth Nerve PalsyThe patient is a 70 year old Italian man with atrial fibrillation on long-term coumadin therapy. In October 1995, he developed generalized headache, horizontal double vision and his left eye deviated inwards (esotropia). A diagnosis of left sixth nerve palsy was made and attributed to microvascular ...Image/MovingImage
135 Supranuclear Paralysis of UpgazeThe patient is a 58 year old man who was admitted as an emergency with hypersomnolence, gait ataxia and diplopia. On the night before Thanksgiving he went to bed feeling well. He was awoken by a phone call at 2 p.m. on Thanksgiving day having over slept by 7 hours. He got out of bed to answer th...Image/MovingImage
136 Third Nerve PalsyThe patient is a 50 year old man with Type II Diabetes who presented to an outside hospital in September 1996 with ptosis and an inability to open the right eye. Five months prior to admission (PTA), he had flu-like symptoms with mild fever, sinus congestion and diffuse myalgia in the chest, abdo...Image/MovingImage
137 Third Nerve PalsyThe patient is a 57 year old man who carried a diagnosis of atrial fibrillation and coronary artery disease post CABAG. He was seen in the Massachusetts General Hospital ER with acute double vision and headache and was admitted. Four days prior to admission (PTA) he developed a bifrontal headach...Image/MovingImage
138 Benign Essential BlepharospasmThe patient is a 60 year old estate manager with a history of retinal laser therapy, dry eyes and age related bilateral ptosis. He carries a diagnosis of hilar lymphadenopathy due to sarcoid and has had cancer of the kidney. He presented in 1995 with a 6 month history of frequent blinking and sp...Image/MovingImage
139 Migraine Visual AuraThe patient is a 9 year old right handed boy who developed headaches in 1993 at the age of 8. At that time he told his mother that he had bad headaches starting at the back of the head, usually bioccipital, spreading over the top of the head to his forehead. The headaches were short in duration la...Image/MovingImage
140 Progressive External OphthalmoplegiaIn 1995 I published this case alongside eleven personal cases, three with the Kearns-Sayer Syndrome (KSS) and five with Progressive External Opthalmoplegia (PEO). Am J of Neuroradiol:16 (5);1167-1173. This patient with KSS is still alive in 2009. In 1968, at the age of 15 he presented with a hi...Image/MovingImage
141 Dressing ApraxiaThe patient is a 72 year old right handed woman who presented in November 1995 with the sudden onset of impaired coordination of visual and motor skills following an inner right ear infection. One of her problems was difficulty sitting on a chair as she tended to place her body incorrectly. By lat...Image/MovingImage
142 Apraxia of Eyelid OpeningIn January 1997, This 73 year old patient was referred to the Neurovisual Clinic. At that time his speech was slurred and he stated that his eyes were his "biggest" complaint due to: 1. Impaired focusing "close up" 2. His eyes shut spontaneously much of the time 3. Bright sunlight provoked eye ...Image/MovingImage
143 Supranuclear Paralysis of UpgazeThe patient is a 71 year old woman who was admitted to the Cardiac Unit following an acute "rush to the head", diaphoresis, and palpitations. She felt she was about to faint. She described seeing gold rings in her vision for a few minutes. Past History: Partial complex seizures since 1987. Th...Image/MovingImage
144 Supranuclear Paralysis of DowngazeThe patient is a 62 year old man who, on getting out of bed one morning, found his eyes did not open fully. The right eye hardly opened at all and the left just a little. He staggered to the bathroom and started to floss his teeth and dropped a piece of floss on the floor. He felt unsteady bend...Image/MovingImage
145 Bilateral Sixth Nerve PalsyThis patient is a 62 year old woman with a six month history of double vision and difficulty walking. In August 1996, she first noted her right upper eyelid twitching followed by dizziness, nausea and vomiting. Soon after her voice became "shaky" and she experienced mild difficulty walking. She...Image/MovingImage
146 Saccadic Initiation Deficit of Horizontal SaccadesThe patient is a 78 year old left handed woman with a diagnosis of a left parietal infarct in 1995, bilateral carotid artery stenosis and hypertension. She was first seen in August 1997 for evaluation of involuntary movements of the lower face in the setting of rapidly progressive dementia and was...Image/MovingImage
147 Migraine Visual AuraThe patient is a 73 year old retired teacher who was referred in 1993 for a second opinion regarding treatment of episodic visual hallucinations. As a school boy in junior school, he began to experience transient episodes of a spot appearing in the right lower homonymous quadrant of his field of vi...Image/MovingImage
148 Congenital NystagmusThis 14 year old boy was born one month premature weighing 6 pounds 5 ounces. The top of his head failed to close until age 6. In addition he had only half a clavicle and stunted growth. Diagnosis: Cleidocranial dysostosis. He was referred by his endocrinologist for evaluation of difficulty ...Image/MovingImage
149 The Prize: An Interview with David H. Hubel Nobel Laureate Physiology or Medicine 1981David H. Hubel is the John Enders University Professor of Neurobiology at Harvard Medical School. Born in Canada of American parents, he grew up in Montreal, graduated from McGill Medical School, and received training in neurology at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Johns Hopkins Hospital. ...Image/MovingImage
150 Information Processing in the Visual System: David H. Hubel, Nobel Laureate Physiology or Medicine 1981David H. Hubel is the John Enders University Professor of Neurobiology at Harvard Medical School. Born in Canada of American parents, he grew up in Montreal, graduated from McGill Medical School, and received training in neurology at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Johns Hopkins Hospital. ...Image/MovingImage
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