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126 Normann, Richard A.; Shoham, ShyEncoding mechanisms for sensory neurons studied with a multielectrode array in the cat dorsal root ganglionRecent advances in microelectrode array technology now permit a direct examination of the way populations of sensory neurons encode information about a limb's position in space. To address this issue, we recorded nerve impulses from about 100 single units simultaneously in the L6 and L7 dorsal root ...Sensory; Encoding; Multielectrode; Dorsal Root Ganglion; Cutaneour; Muscle2004
127 Olson, Randall J.Glistenings with long-term follow-up of the Surgidev B20/20 polymethylmethacrylate intraocular lensPURPOSE: To compare patient satisfaction with vision 12 months after implantation of a silicone or acrylic foldable intraocular lens (IOL). SETTING: John A. Moran Eye Center, University of Utah Medical Center, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. METHODS: Selection criteria included patients who had uneventfu...Phacoemulsification; Lens Implantation, Intraocular; Glare2001-10
128 Normann, Richard A.Visual Neuroprosthetics: Functional Vision for the BlindResent progress in materials and microfabrication technologies have allowed researchers to reconsider the prospect of providing a useful visual sense to the profoundly blind. This will be accomplished by electrically stimulating their visual systems via an array of implanted microelectrodes. T...Visual Neuroprosthetics; Vision; Blindness1995-01
129 Olson, Randall J.; Crandall, Alan S.; Pingree, Michael F.Cataract surgery complications in 1 year at an academic institutionPURPOSE: To delineate all complication rates of cataract surgery and define normative rates, trends, and outliers as part of continuous quality management. SETTING: John A. Moran Eye Center, University of Utah Health Sciences Center, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. METHODS: All cataract surgeries done at...Intraoperative Complications/Epidemiology; Adverse Effects; Cataract Surgery1999-05
130 Bernstein, Paul S.; Gellermann, WernerMacular pigment Raman detector for clinical applicationsClinical studies of carotenoid macular pigments (MP) have been limited by the lack of noninvasive, objective instruments. We introduce a novel noninvasive optical instrument, an MP Raman detector, for assessment of the carotenoid status of the human retina in vivo. The instrument uses resonant excit...Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted; Equipment Failure Analysis; Sensitivity and Specificity2004
131 Baehr, Wolfgang; Zhang, Kang; Kolb, HelgaGene array and expression of mouse retina guanylate cyclase activating proteins 1 and 2PURPOSE: To identify gene arrangement, chromosomal localization, and expression pattern of mouse guanylate cyclase activating proteins GCAP1 and GCAP2, retina-specific Ca2+-binding proteins, and photoreceptor guanylate cyclase activators. METHODS: The GCAP1 and GCAP2 genes were cloned from genomic l...Molecular Sequence Data; Guanylate Cyclase-Activating Proteins; In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence1998
132 Normann, Richard A.; Kolb, Helga; Lasater, Eric M.Signal integration at the pedicle of turtle cone photoreceptors: an anatomical and electrophysiological studyThe morphology of the axon which connects the cell body and pedicle of turtle cone photoreceptors was studied by light and electron microscopy. The axon which contains numerous synaptic vesicles, some endoplasmic reticulum, and a few cisternae is basically filled with cytoplasm. The length of the ax...Cone Photoreceptor, Voltage Clamp; Isolated Cells; Input Resistance; Cell Body-Pedicle Coupling1989
133 Baehr, WolfgangCalcium-sensitive particulate guanylyl cyclase as a modulator of cAMP in olfactory receptor neuronsThe second messengers cAMP and inositol-1,4,5-triphosphate have been implicated in olfaction in various species. The odorant-induced cGMP response was investigated using cilia preparations and olfactory primary cultures. Odorants cause a delayed and sustained elevation of cGMP. A component of this c...Calcium-Binding Proteins; Nerve Tissue Proteins; Rats, Sprague-Dawley1998
134 Kriesel, John D.; Spruance, Spotswood L.; Daynes, Raymond A.Nucleic acid vaccine encoding gD2 protects mice from herpes simplex virus type 2 disease.Nucleic acid vaccinations with plasmids pWW65, containing the sequence for herpes simplex type 2 (HSV-2) gD2, and pRSVnt, lacking the gD sequence, were studied. Groups of mice were immunized with pWW65 alone, pWW65 plus 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin-D3 (D3), or pRSVnt. Clinical disease (vaginitis), serum an...Mice, Inbred BALB C; Plasmids; Viral Vaccines1996
135 Bernstein, Paul S.; Gellermann, WernerNonmydriatic fluorescence-based quantitative imaging of human macular pigment distributions.We have developed a CCD-camera-based nonmydriatic instrument that detects fluorescence from retinal lipofuscin chromophores ("autofluorescence") as a means to indirectly quantify and spatially image the distribution of macular pigment (MP). The lipofuscin fluorescence intensity is reduced at all ret...Cytology; Sensitivity and Specificity2006-10
136 Normann, Richard A.Statistical encoding model for a primary motor cortical brain-computer interfaceA number of studies of the motor system suggest that the majority of primary motor cortical neurons represent simple movement-related kinematic and dynamic quantities in their time-varying activity patterns. An example of such an encoding relationship is the cosine tuning of firing rate with respect...Discrete Distribution; LN Model; Neural Decoding; Neuroprosthetics; Sequential Monte-Carlo Filter2005
137 Baehr, Wolfgang; Frederick, Jeanne M.; Church-Kopish, Jill; Howes, KimberlyMutant rhodopsin transgene expression on a null backgroundPURPOSE. To study mechanisms leading to photoreceptor degeneration in mouse models for autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa (adRP) based on the rhodopsin P23H mutation. METHODS. Mice of a transgenic line expressing a rhodopsin triple mutant, V20G, P23H, and P27L (GHL), were mated with rhodopsin (...Mutant Rhodopsin; Photoreceptor Degeneration; Autosomal Dominant Retinitis Pigmentosa; Rhodopsin2001-03
138 Askew, Eldon W.; Bernstein, Paul S.Serum and macular responses to antioxidant supplementation verus a carotenoid-rich dietary intervention in the elderly.The aim of this study was to observe responses of serum antioxidants, oxidative stress biomarkers, and macular carotenoid pigments to antioxidant supplements or dietary intervention in a single-masked, randomized, pilot clinical study of elderly subjects receiving antioxidant supplements or a dietar...Macula; Serum Carotenoids; Zeaxanthin2006-02-01
139 Normann, Richard A.; Johansson,Torbjorn; Abbasi, Masoud; Huber, Robert J.Three-dimensional architecture for a parallel processing photosensing arrayA three-dimensional architecture for a photosensing array has been developed. This silicon based architecture consists of a 10 x 10 array of photosensors with 80 microns diameter, through chip interconnects to the back side of a 500 microns thick silicon wafer. Each photosensor consists of a 300 x 3...Retina; Optics; Silicon; Photosensing1992
140 Normann, Richard A.; Jones, Kelly E.Advanced demultiplexing system for physiological stimulationA CMOS very large scale integration (VLSI) chip has been designed and built to implement a scheme developed for multiplexing/demultiplexing the signals required to operate an intracortical stimulating electrode array. Because the use of radio telemetry in a proposed system utilizing this chip may im...Electrode Array; Stimulation; Telemetry; Microelectrodes; Transistors1997
141 Creel, Donnell J.; Leventhal, Audie G.Retinal projections in tyrosinase-negative albino catsRetinal projections were examined in two tyrosinase-negative albino cats using autoradiographic techniques. Cats from this colony have pink eyes; their retinal pigment epithelium, ciliary body, and iris epithelium are completely devoid of melanin pigment. Test breeding for five generations indicates...Cats; Albinism; Vision; Autoradiography; Retina1982-07
142 Larson, Scott A.Strabismus surgery complications: prevention and managementStrabismus surgery is increasingly becoming a subspecialty domain, especially with cyclovertical muscles, restricted muscles, or reoperations. While is impossible to completely eliminate complications from strabimus surgery, it is possible to minimize their occurrence and significance by proper prev...Malignant hyperthermia; Overcorrection; Strabismus; Surgery; Undercorrection2003
143 Baehr, Wolfgang; Thulin, CraigImmunolocalization and divergent roles of phosducin and phosducin-like protein in the retinaPURPOSE: These investigations were undertaken to compare and contrast the roles of phosducin and phosducin-like protein in the retina. METHODS: Phosducin and phosducin-like protein were compared in an in vitro assay measuring their inhibition of transducin binding to light-activated rhodopsin. The t...Antibody Specificity; Protein Binding; Rod Outer Segments1999
144 Bernstein, Paul S.Human retinal pigment epithelial cell line that retains epithelial characteristics after prolonged culturePURPOSE. A spontaneously arising, apparently transformed, cell line has been cloned from a primary culture of human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells and has been subcultured more than 200 times. The similarities of these cells to human RPE cells in vivo have been determined. METHODS. The struc...Cell Line, Transformed; Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid; Phagocytosis1995
145 Digre, Kathleen B.; Skuster, Denise Z.Neurologic conditions presenting as psychiatric disorders.Understanding underlying neuroanatomic function helps physicians to localize defects and search for treatable neurologic conditions. Neurologic conditions such as Huntington's chorea, Wilson's disease, Gille de la Tourette syndrome, brain tumors, encephalitis and meningitis, neurodegenerative condit...Psychiatric Diagnosis; Neurologic Disease1992-06-15
146 Frederick, Jeanne M.Centrin 2 is required for mouse olfactory ciliary trafficking and development of ependymal cilia planar polarityCentrins are ancient calmodulin-related Ca2-binding proteins associated with basal bodies. In lower eukaryotes, Centrin2 (CETN2) is required for basal body replication and positioning, although its function in mammals is undefined. We generated a germline CETN2 knock-out (KO) mouse presenting with s...2014-01-01
147 Moshirfar, MajidDouble-pass microkeratome technique for ultra-thin graft preparation in Descemet's stripping automated endothelial keratoplastyEndothelial keratoplasty is evolving with increased attention placed on the optical qualities of the posterior donor lenticule. In efforts to improve visual outcomes, the effects of the thickness, smoothness, and planar profile are being studied. This paper describes a double-pass microkeratome tech...2012-01-01
148 Olson, Randall J.; Spencer, Terrence S.; Mamalis, NickThree-year clinical comparison of 3-piece AcrySof and SI-40 silicone intraocular lensesPURPOSE: To compare the 3-year performance of the 3-piece AcrySof (Alcon) and the SI-40 silicone (Allergan) intraocular lenses (IOLs). SETTING: John A. Moran Eye Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. METHODS: In this retrospective study, patients with no complications and at least a...Acrylic Resins; Silicone Elastomers; Prosthesis Design; Postoperative Complications; Patient Satisfaction; Cataract2002-07
149 Olson, Randall J.Efficacy and wound-temperature gradient of WhiteStar technology phacoemulsification through a 1.2 mm incisionPURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and wound-temperature gradients of WhiteStar micropulse technology using bimanual phacoemulsification without an irrigation sleeve through a 1.2 mm incision. SETTING: Island Eye Surgicenter, Carle Place, New York, USA. METHODS: Ten patients had bimanual phacoemulsif...Endothelium, Corneal; Surgical Procedures; Lens Implantation; Wound Temperature gradient2003-06
150 Frederick, Jeanne M.Inhibitors of metalloendoprotease activity prevent K+-stimulated neurotransmitter release from the retina of Xenopus laevis.Metalloendoprotease activity was identified in retinal homogenates using a synthetic fluorogenic metalloendoprotease substrate and specific metalloendoprotease inhibitors. The requirement of metalloendoprotease activity in neurotransmitter release was examined during the depolarization-induced relea...Neuromuscular Junction; Neurotransmitter Agents; Membrane Fusion1984
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