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101 Battin, Margaret P.Praying for a cure: when medical and religious practices conflictThis material is still protected by copyright. All rights reserved. Please contact the publisher for permission to copy, distribute or reprint1999
102 Downes, Stephen M.Review of Jarrett Leplin, Novel Defense of Scientific RealismMany historians of science may hope that philosophers will one day stop arguing about scientific realism and come and join in the hard business of achieving a historically informed understanding of science. But Jarrett Leplin's book guarantees that there will be more arguing about scientific realism...Concept of novelty; Uniqueness; Logical relations1999
103 Mallon, RonaldPolitical liberalism, cultural membership and the familyIn a recent article on developments in John Rawls's theory of justice, S.A. Lloyd notes a problem in Rawls's treatment of the family. In Political Liberalism (hereafter PL), Rawls concedes that his theory assumes that "in some form the family is just." And Lloyd takes this to mean that the principle...Theory of justice; Equality; Upbringing1999
104 White, Nicholas P.Review of Jan Szaif: Platons Begriff der WahrheitThis work, a dissertation, contains two main parts. One occupies pp. 25-324, the other pp. 327-509. A brief passage, pp. 510-531, connects them. The first part treats the uses of alethes and cognates in Plato's early and middle works; the second mainly deals with the problems in the Theaetetus and ...1999
105 Thalos, Mariam G.Units of decisionI shall introduce the units of decision problem in the theory of decision, which as I shall explain is a sibling to the units of selection problem in evolutionary theory. And I shall present an argument to the effect that, contrary to Bayesian wisdom on the subject, undertaking decision in group set...Decision theory; Collective will; Cooperation; Individualism1999-09
106 Nichols, ShaunExplicit factuality and comparative evidence.We argue that Dienes & Perner's (D&P's) proposal needs to specify independent criteria when a subject explicitly represents factuality. This task is complicated by the fact that people typically "tacitly" believe that each of their beliefs is a fact. This problem does not arise for comparative evide...Philosophy;; Factuality; Dienes & Perner's Proposal1999-12-16
107 Millgram, ElijahMill's proof of the principle of utilityMill's utilitarianism is very closely tied to his instrumentalism; that his argument for the Principle of Utility, while tight, is deeply incoherent; that the incoherence stems from an incoherence in instrumentalism; and that Mill's instrumentalism turns out to have been an island of apriorism in ...Utility; Happiness; Rationalism2000
108 Battin, Margaret P.On the structure of the euthanasia debate: observations provoked by a near-perfect for-and-against book. Review symposium on euthanasia and physician-assisted suicideSomething is amiss with the euthanasia debate, and I want to use a smart new book to try to show what it is. The book is Euthanasia and Physician- Assisted Suicide: For and Against, an eagerly awaited volume by three well-known philosophers, Gerald Dworkin, R. G. Frey, and Sissela Bok. Dworkin a...Physician assisted suicide; Killing and letting die; medical profession2000
109 Nichols, ShaunMind's "I" and the theory of mind's "I": introspection and two concepts of selfIntrospection plays a crucial role in modern Philosophy; in two different ways. From the beginnings of modern Philosophy;, introspection has been used as a tool for philosophical exploration in a variety of thought experiments. But modern philosophers (e.g., Locke and Hume) also tried to characteri...Introspection; Self; Self-awareness; Cognition2000
110 Benham, BryanRyle and the para-mechanicalThe thesis of this paper is the unconventional claim that Gilbert Ryle is not a logical behaviorist. The popular account of Ryle clearly places his work in The Concept of Mind (1949) in the camp of logical behaviorist.1 The object of this paper, however, will be to illustrate how the conventional in...Behaviorist; Logical behaviorism2000
111 White, Nicholas P.Review of Nancy Sherman, "Making a Necessity of VirtueMaking a Necessity of Virtue is about the ethics of Aristotle and Kant. "Specifically," according to the first chapter, it "is about the role of emotions and practical reason in each theorist's account of virtue," though with "greater attention to the place of emotions in moral character". This desc...Virtue; Ethics; Reason; Emotions; Morality2000
112 Landesman, Bruce M.Ethical Marxism and its radical criticsWilde defends what he calls Ethical Marxism. This is a familiar view, which many refer to as Marxist Humanism. According to Wilde, Marx holds that there is a human essence which involves freedom and the development of each individual's creative potential. This is achievable, however, only under cond...Marxism; Book review2000
113 Battin, Margaret P.Review essay, on the structure of the euthanasia debate: observations provoked by a near-perfect for-and-against bookSomething is amiss with the euthanasia debate, and I want to use a smart new book to try to show what it is. The book is Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide: For and Against, an eagerly awaited volume by three well-known philosophers, Gerald Dworkin, R. G. Frey, and Sissela Bok. Dworkin and F...2000
114 Landesman, Bruce M.Ethical Marxism and its radical critics (book review)Reviews the book `Ethical Marxism and Its Radical Critics,' by Lawrence Wilde.Books; Marxism; Philosophy2000-01
115 Francis, LeslieEnd of life decision-making for patients with dementiaIn decision-making for patients with dementia, law and bioethics recognize two central goals: protecting the patient's autonomy and protecting the patient's best interests. These two objectives are not always consistent, however, nor easily applied over the long, downhill course experienced by mos...2001
116 Plutynski, AnyaModeling evolution in theory and practiceThis paper uses a number of examples of diverse types and functions of models in evolutionary biology to argue that the demarcation between theory and practice, or "theory model" and "data model." is often difficult to make. It is shown how both mathematical and laboratory models function as plausib...Models; Theory; Data; Evolutionary biology2001
117 Nichols, ShaunNormativity and epistemic intuitionsIn this paper we propose to argue for two claims. The first is that a sizable group of epistemological projects -- a group which includes much of what has been done in epistemology in the analytic tradition -- would be seriously undermined if one or more of a cluster of empirical hypotheses about ep...Epistemology; Intuition; Empirical hypotheses2001
118 Downes, Stephen M.Review of Susan Oyama, Ontogeny of information: developmental systems and evolutionSusan Oyama's book thoroughly deserved reprinting. This is an exciting and engaging work that is still timely 15 years after its initial publication. Some of the text of the new edition is revised, and Oyama has added a new Preface and an Afterword. The new Foreword by Richard Lewontin provides a s...Information theory; Biology; Information gene concept; Morphological traits2001
119 Newman, LexUnmasking Descartes's case for the bete machine doctrineAmong the more notorious of Cartesian doctrines is the bete machine doctrine -- the view that brute animals lack not only reason, but any form of consciousness (having no mind or soul). Recent English commentaries have served to obscure, rather than to clarify, the historical Descartes's views, Stan...Animals; Intelligence; Soul; Mechanical causation2001
120 Landesman, Bruce M.Berman, Marshall. Adventures in marxismThis book contains an introduction and thirteen short pieces previously published in such journals as the Nation, the New York Times Book Review, New Politics, and Dissent, dating from 1963 to 1998.Capitalism; Human; System2001
121 Francis, LeslieIn the realm of legal and moral Philosophy; (Book Review)Reviews the book `In the Realm of Legal and Moral Philosophy;,' by Matthew H. Kramer.Books; Philosophy2001-01
122 Downes, Stephen M.Ontogeny of information: developmental systems and evolution (Book Review)A review of the book "Ontogeny of information: developmental systems and evolution" by Susan Oyama.Information theory, biology; Books; Developmental systems; Evolution2001-06-23
123 Downes, Stephen M.Socializing naturalized Philosophy; of sciencePresents an approach to naturalized Philosophy; of science that considers the nature of scientific practice. Cognitive individualism; Three-level model of the social nature of scientific practice.Individualsim; Science, Philosophy2001-09-11
124 Mallon, RonaldOdd couple: the compatibility of social construction and evolutionary psychologyExamines the significance of evolutionary psychology and social constructionism in social sciences. Role of philosophical disputes in generating universal and local emotional phenomena; Relevance of adopting different theories of meaning and reference; Competition between philosophical disputes and ...Emotions; Genetic psychology; Social Sciences, Philosophy2001-09-11
125 Downes, Stephen M.Can scientific development and children's cognitive development be the same process?Assesses the value of the developmental psychology of science proposed by Alison Gopnik and Andrew Meltzoff to the understanding of scientific development. Role of distinctions between ontogeny and phylogeny when appealing to biology for theoretical support; Conception of cognition as a set of verid...Cognition; Developmental psychology; Ontogeny; Phylogeny; Science, Philosophy2001-09-11
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