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101 Making a necessity of Virtue (Book Review)Reviews the book `Making a Necessity of Virtue,' by Nancy Sherman.Books; Philosophy;; Virtue2001-09-18
102 Margalit, Avishai. The decent societyThe title of this book will surely pique the interest of political philosophers who have spent much time and energy in recent decades trying to capture the idea of justice. Margalit believes that in the quest for justice, decency has been overlooked. A decent society may or may not be a step to a ju...Humiliate; Respect; Justice1997
103 Marxism and philosophy in the twentieth century: a defense of vulgar Marxism (Book Review)A review of "Marxism and philosophy in the twentieth century: a defense of vulgar Marxism" by Richard Hudelson.Books; Marxism; Philosophy1991-10
104 Mill's proof of the principle of utilityMill's utilitarianism is very closely tied to his instrumentalism; that his argument for the Principle of Utility, while tight, is deeply incoherent; that the incoherence stems from an incoherence in instrumentalism; and that Mill's instrumentalism turns out to have been an island of apriorism in ...Utility; Happiness; Rationalism2000
105 Mind's "I" and the theory of mind's "I": introspection and two concepts of selfIntrospection plays a crucial role in modern Philosophy; in two different ways. From the beginnings of modern Philosophy;, introspection has been used as a tool for philosophical exploration in a variety of thought experiments. But modern philosophers (e.g., Locke and Hume) also tried to characteri...Introspection; Self; Self-awareness; Cognition2000
106 Modeling evolution in theory and practiceThis paper uses a number of examples of diverse types and functions of models in evolutionary biology to argue that the demarcation between theory and practice, or "theory model" and "data model." is often difficult to make. It is shown how both mathematical and laboratory models function as plausib...Models; Theory; Data; Evolutionary biology2001
107 Molecule-for-molecule duplicationIs a molecule-for-molecule duplicate D of some entity always a perfect duplicate of it? And in particular: is D a being with consciousness if its original is? These questions summarize a certain diagnostic tool used by metaphysicians, and prominently used in service of a form of dualism that is supp...Molecule-for-molecule duplication; MFM2008
108 Moral dimensions of academic administration (Book Review)Reviews the book `The Moral Dimensions of Academic Administration,' by Rudolph H. Weingartner.Books, reviews; School management & organization; nonfiction2002-07
109 Moral distance: introductionThis issue of The Monist is devoted to the question of how we should gauge the moral significance of distance. "Moral distance," by analogy with "aesthetic distance," may signify degrees of moral indifference, but that is not the theme we are concerned with here. The problem of distance in mora...Distance; Boundaries; Morality2003
110 More than victims: battered women, the syndrome society, and the law (Book Review)Review of the book "More than Victims: Battered Women, the Syndrome Society, and the Law" by Donald Alexander Downs.Books; Philosophy; Domestic Violence1998-07
111 Morphology, ultrastructure, and function of extrafloral nectaries in three species of CaesalpiniacaeLight and electron microscopy reveal that the morphologically well-differentiated petiolar nectaries of Ckamaecrista fasciculata, Senna hepecarpa, and S. marilandica have an unusually simple anatomy consisting of an epidermis immediately subtended by a mass of small, loosely-packed parenchyma cells....Extrafloral nectaries; Morphology; Ultrastructure; Function; Cutin; Phloem; Parenchyma; Chamaecrista fascicu; Senna hepecarpa; Senna marilandic1999
112 Multiculturalism and the politics of recognition (Book Review)Reviews the book, Multiculturalism and "The Politics of Recognition,'' by Charles Taylor. Taylor's view that identity is shaped by the recognition of others; Human self-understanding as dialogical and not monological; Equal rights and nondiscrimination as axioms of rights-liberalism; Goal of cultura...Books; Philosophy;; Multiculturalism1994-01
113 Multiculturalism of Fear (Book Review)Reviews the book "The Multiculturalism of Fear," by Jacob Levy.Books; Multiculturalism; Fear2003-10-16
114 Murdoch, practical reasoning, and particularismParticularism is a contemporary movement in moral Philosophy; that it is hard to know what to do with. On the one hand, it's hard to dismiss. Its ranks include respectable - even prominent - authors such as Jonathan Dancy, Margaret Little, John McDowell, David McNaughton and Richard Norman.1 It purp...2002
115 Negation of historyHistory is inevitably involved in our philosophical reflections about human nature and destiny. Yet in the past, Philosophy; has had an uneasy and questionable relationship to history. In this paper I would like to examine seven paradigmatic cases which hopefully will illustrate some crucial aspects...1982
116 Nicole: suicide and terminal illnessThe terminally ill person who plans suicide poses a clinical dilemma in suicidology. Issues of rational suicide are complicated. Although experts (Battin, 1991; Hoff, 1989; Motto, 1972; Pretzel, 1984; Saunders & Valente, 1988) recognize rational suicide, the prevailing paradigm of suicide preventio...Terminal illness; Suicidology1993
117 No disability standpoint here!: law school faculties and the invisibility problemEndeavors to increase diversity in higher education invite many questions, including concerns about consistent and categorical application of the motivating values. For example, do law schools, and especially elite law schools, do enough to promote inclusiveness in the legal profession if their eff...Diversity; Higher education; Law school faculties; Invisibility problem2008
118 Normativity and epistemic intuitionsIn this paper we propose to argue for two claims. The first is that a sizable group of epistemological projects -- a group which includes much of what has been done in epistemology in the analytic tradition -- would be seriously undermined if one or more of a cluster of empirical hypotheses about ep...Epistemology; Intuition; Empirical hypotheses2001
119 Obligation to obey the lawIt is often said that we have an obligation to obey the law just because it is the law. This idea has been espoused in the West at least as early as Socrates, and it is espoused today. It is not the special claim of any particular ideology, but has been held by advocates of most political persuasio...Obedience; Moral; Legal1972
120 Odd couple: the compatibility of social construction and evolutionary psychologyExamines the significance of evolutionary psychology and social constructionism in social sciences. Role of philosophical disputes in generating universal and local emotional phenomena; Relevance of adopting different theories of meaning and reference; Competition between philosophical disputes and ...Emotions; Genetic psychology; Social Sciences, Philosophy2001-09-11
121 On being blue, a philosophical inquiry by William GassOn Being Blue is a remarkable piece of rumination: it toes, wades, pulls its skirt up and immerses itself in the word 'blue.' Blue noses, blue laws, blue devils, blueblood; Gass begins by producing wonder, and we say: / didn't know the word 'blue' could be used in so many different ways. Bluebird, b...1977
122 On natural goodness by Philippa FootIn her 1972 paper 'Morality as a System of Hypothetical Imperatives', Philippa Foot boldly challenged the common assumption that viciousness is a form of irrationality and embraced a picture of practical rationality according to which an agent's reasons for action are grounded in nothing other th...Irrationality; Evaluation; Natural defect2005
123 On planning: toward a natural history of goal attainmentThe goal of the essay is to articulate some beginnings for an empirical approach to the study of agency, in the firm conviction that agency is subject to scientific scrutiny, and is not to be abandoned to high-brow aprioristic Philosophy;. Drawing on insights from decision analysis, game theory, gen...2008
124 On probability and systematics: possibility, probability, and phylogenetic inferenceIn phylogenetic systematics, an ongoing debate has revolved around the appropriate choice of methodology for the construction of phylogenetic trees and inference of ancestral states. A recent paper by Mark Siddall and Arnold Kluge (Siddall and Kluge, 1997) advocates a privileged status for parsimon...Phylogentic systematics; Probability; Possibility; Frequency; Propensity2005-10-01
125 On the genealogy of norms: a case for the role of emotion in cultural evolutionArgues that emotional responses constitute one important set of mechanisms that affects the cultural viability of norms. Historical evidence indicating that 16th century etiquette norms prohibiting disgusting actions were much more likely to survive than other 16th century etiquette norms; Need for ...Emotions; Etiquette; Social change; Social norms; Social aspects2002-07-29
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