101 - 125 of 182
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CreatorTitleDescriptionSubjectDate
101 Baehr, WolfgangCloning of frog rod photoreceptor cGMP phosphodiesterase subunits (P-alpha, P-beta, P-gamma) and identification of P-gamma) sites involved in the stimulation of cGMP binding to P-alpha and P-beta non-catalytic sitesRetinal cGMP phosphodiesterase (PDE6) is a key enzyme in vertebrate phototransduction. Rod PDE contains two homologous catalytic subunits (Pd two identical regulatory subunits (P). Biochemical studies have shown that amphibian P has high affinity, cGMP-specific, non-catalytic binding sites and that ...Phototransduction; Retinal cGMP phosphodiesterase; Amphibian PDE2002
102 Bernstein, Paul S.; Leppert, Mark F.Genotype-phenotype analysis of ABCR variants in macular degeneration probands and siblingsPURPOSE: Single-copy variants of the autosomal recessive Stargardt disease (STGD1) gene ABCR (ABCA4) have been shown to confer enhanced susceptibility to age-related macular degeneration (AMD). To investigate the role of ABCR alleles in AMD further, genotype-phenotype analysis was performed on sibli...DNA Mutational Analysis; Nuclear Family; Phenotype2002
103 Olson, Randall J.Microphaco updateMicrophacoemulsification, or cataract surgery using ultrasound through two small stab incisions. Wound burn is now not a problem with AMO's Sovereign system plus Whitestar technology.Microphacoemulsification; Wound Burn; Cataract Extraction2002
104 Jones, Bryan W.Molecular phenotyping of retinal ganglion cellsClassifying all of the ganglion cells in the mammalian retina has long been a goal of anatomists, physiologists, and cell biologists. The rabbit retinal ganglion cell layer was phenotyped using intrinsic small molecule signals (aspartate, glutamate, glycine, glutamine, GABA, and taurine) and glutama...Aspartic Acid/metabolism; Image Cytometry/methods2002
105 Kriesel, John D.; Spruance, Spotswood L.Treatment of herpes simplex labialis.Recurrent herpes simplex labialis is associated with mild morbidity, but remains a significant problem for people with frequent and/or severe recurrences. Both topical and peroral episodic antiviral treatments of recurrences are modestly effective at reducing the duration of signs and symptoms. Rece...Randomized Controlled Trials; Steroids; Drug Administration Routes2002
106 Olson, Randall J.; Spencer, Terrence S.; Mamalis, NickThree-year clinical comparison of 3-piece AcrySof and SI-40 silicone intraocular lensesPURPOSE: To compare the 3-year performance of the 3-piece AcrySof (Alcon) and the SI-40 silicone (Allergan) intraocular lenses (IOLs). SETTING: John A. Moran Eye Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. METHODS: In this retrospective study, patients with no complications and at least a...Acrylic Resins; Silicone Elastomers; Prosthesis Design; Postoperative Complications; Patient Satisfaction; Cataract2002-07
107 Angelucci, Alessandra; Lund, Jennifer S.Circuits for local and global signal integration in primary visual cortexContrast-dependent changes in spatial summation and contextual modulation of primary visual cortex (V1) neuron responses to stimulation of their receptive field reveal long-distance integration of visual signals within V1, well beyond the classical receptive field (cRF) of single neurons. To identif...Primary Visual Cortex; Extrastriate Cortex; Feed-back Connections; Lateral Connections; SUrround Modulation; Macaque2002-10-01
108 Digre, Kathleen B.; Warner, Judith E. A.; Bernstein, Paul S.; Alder, Stephen C.Vitamin A in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with and without idiopathic intracranial hypertensionWe quantified vitamin A in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension, elevated intracranial pressure of other causes and normal intracranial pressure. Vitamin A could be detected by high-pressure liquid chromatography in most of the specimens. There was a signific...Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid; Headache2002-11
109 Baehr, WolfgangIdentification and light-dependent translocation of a cone-specific antigen, (Cone Arrestin) recognized by monoclonal antibody 7G6PURPOSE: To elucidate the antigen recognized by monoclonal antibody (mAb) 7G6, a widely used cone-specific marker. METHODS: 7G6 immunocytochemistry was performed on sections of human, primate, and bovine retina. The antigen was immunoprecipitated from human retinal lysates and purified with protein ...Cones (Retina); Molecular Sequence Data; Phototransduction2003
110 Baehr, Wolfgang; Zhang, KangElovl4 mRNA distribution in the developing mouse retina and phylogenetic conservation of Elovl4 genesPURPOSE: Stargardt-like macular dystrophy (STGD3) is an autosomal dominant form of early onset macular degeneration. The disease causing gene ELOVL4 encodes a protein that belongs to a family of proteins functioning in elongation of long chain fatty acids. The purpose of this study is to characteriz...Amino Acid Sequence; Cloning, Molecular; Molecular Sequence Data2003
111 Baehr, WolfgangLight-dependent redistribution of visual arrestins and transducin subunits in mice with defective phototransductionPURPOSE: The light-dependent redistribution of phototransduction components in photoreceptor cells plays a role in light adaptation. Upon illumination, rod and cone arrestins (Arr and cArr) translocate from the inner to the outer segments while transducin subunits (Talpha, Tbetagamma) translocate in...Phototransduction; Protein Kinases; Rhodopsin Kinase2003
112 Larson, Scott A.Strabismus surgery complications: prevention and managementStrabismus surgery is increasingly becoming a subspecialty domain, especially with cyclovertical muscles, restricted muscles, or reoperations. While is impossible to completely eliminate complications from strabimus surgery, it is possible to minimize their occurrence and significance by proper prev...Malignant hyperthermia; Overcorrection; Strabismus; Surgery; Undercorrection2003
113 Baehr, WolfgangAnnotation and analysis of 10,000 expressed sequence tags from 3 mouse eye cDNA librariesBACKGROUND: As a biomarker of cellular activities, the transcriptome of a specific tissue or cell type during development and disease is of great biomedical interest. We have generated and analyzed 10,000 expressed sequence tags (ESTs) from three mouse eye tissue cDNA libraries: embryonic day 15.5 (...Cluster Analysis; DNA, Complementary; Gene Expression Profiling2003
114 Digre, Kathleen B.Not so benign intracranial hypertension.Despite many controversies, intracranial hypertension due to use of doxycycline does occur. Practitioners prescribing the tetracyclic antibiotics should be aware of the syndrome of increased intracranial pressure, and pay particular attention to the ocular fundus for papilloedema. Appropriate referr...Venous Occusion; Venous Hypertension; Tetracycline, Doxycycline; Minocycline2003-03-22
115 Olson, Randall J.Efficacy and wound-temperature gradient of WhiteStar technology phacoemulsification through a 1.2 mm incisionPURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and wound-temperature gradients of WhiteStar micropulse technology using bimanual phacoemulsification without an irrigation sleeve through a 1.2 mm incision. SETTING: Island Eye Surgicenter, Carle Place, New York, USA. METHODS: Ten patients had bimanual phacoemulsif...Endothelium, Corneal; Surgical Procedures; Lens Implantation; Wound Temperature gradient2003-06
116 Olson, Randall J.Clinical comparison of single-piece and three-piece truncated hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lensesPURPOSE: To determine the clinical differences between three-piece (3P) and single-piece (SP) truncated hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lenses (IOL). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort clinical study. METHODS: The setting was an academic clinical practice. The patient population consisted of subjects with...Lenses, Intraocular; Patient Satisfaction; Postoperative Complications; Prosthesis Design; Visual Acuity2003-10
117 Frederick, Jeanne M.; Baehr, WolfgangReceptor for advanced glycation end products and age-related macular degeneration.Advanced glycation end products (AGE) exacerbate disease progression through two general mechanisms: modifying molecules and forming nondegradable aggregates, thus impairing normal cellular/tissue functions, and altering cellular function directly through receptor-mediated activation. In the present...Optic Atrophies, Hereditary; Apoptosis; Pigment Epithelium of Eye2004
118 Normann, Richard A.; Clark, Gregory A.; McDonnall, DanielSelective motor unit recruitment via intrafascicular multielectrode stimulationRecruitment of force via independent asynchronous firing of large numbers of motor units produces the grace and endurance of physiological motion. We have investigated the possibility of reproducing this physiological recruitment strategy by determining the selectivity of access to large numbers of ...Funtional Neuromuscular Stimulation; Microelectrode Array; Neuroprosthesis; Intrafascicular Multielectrode Stimulation; Cats2004
119 Normann, Richard A.; Shoham, ShyCoding of position by simultaneously recorded sensory neurones in the cat dorsal root ganglionMuscle, cutaneous and joint afferents continuously signal information about the position and movement of individual joints. How does the nervous system extract more global information, for example about the position of the foot in space? To study this question we used microelectrode arrays to record...Cats; Sensory Neurones; Movement; Limb Position2004
120 Baehr, WolfgangReceptors for advanced glycation end products as progressive factors in age-related macular degenerationAdvanced glycation end products (AGE) exacerbate disease progression through two general mechanisms: modifying molecules and forming nondegradable aggregates, thus impairing normal cellular/tissue functions, and altering cellular function directly through receptor-mediated activation. In the prese...Advanced glycation end products; AGE; receptor for AGE-mediated cellular activation; RAGE2004
121 Zhang, KangSpectrum and frequency of FZD4 mutations in familial exudative vitreoretinopathyMutations in the frizzled-4 gene (FZD4) have recently been associated with autosomal dominant familial exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR) in families linking to the EVR1 locus on the long arm of chromosome 11. The purpose of this study was to screen FZD4 in a panel of 40 patients with FEVR to ident...Frizzled-4 gene; FZD4; Mutation; autosomal dominant familial exudative autosomal dominant familial exudative; FEVR2004
122 Normann, Richard A.; Shoham, ShyEncoding mechanisms for sensory neurons studied with a multielectrode array in the cat dorsal root ganglionRecent advances in microelectrode array technology now permit a direct examination of the way populations of sensory neurons encode information about a limb's position in space. To address this issue, we recorded nerve impulses from about 100 single units simultaneously in the L6 and L7 dorsal root ...Sensory; Encoding; Multielectrode; Dorsal Root Ganglion; Cutaneour; Muscle2004
123 Fuhrmann, SabineExpression of CNTF receptor-alpha in chick violet-sensitive cones with unique morphologic properties.PURPOSE: Application of ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) can rescue mature photoreceptors from lesion-induced and hereditary degeneration. In the chick retina, expression of the CNTF receptor is present in a subpopulation of photoreceptor cells. The present study was undertaken to identify the CNT...embryology; cytology2004
124 Normann, Richard A.; Branner, AlmutLong-term stimulation and recording with a penetrating microelectrode array in cat sciatic nerveWe studied the consequences of long-term implantation of a penetrating microelectrode array in peripheral nerve over the time course of 4-6 mo. Electrode arrays without lead wires were implanted to test the ability of different containment systems to protect the array and nerve during contractions o...Cats; Microelectrodes; Prosthesis Implantation; Sciatic Nerve2004
125 Baehr, WolfgangNovel mutation (I143NT) in guanylate cyclase-activating protein 1 (GCAP1) associated with autosomal dominant cone degenerationPURPOSE: To identify pathogenic mutations in the guanylate cyclase-activating protein 1 (GCAP1) and GCAP2 genes and to characterize the biochemical effect of mutation on guanylate cyclase (GC) stimulation. METHODS: The GCAP1 and GCAP2 genes were screened by direct sequencing for mutations in 216 pat...DNA Mutational Analysis; Mutation, Missense; Electroretinography2004
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