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76 Case-control study of risk factors for spasmodic dysphonia: a comparison with other voice disordersObjectives: This epidemiology study examined risk factors uniquely associated with spasmodic dysphonia (SD). Study Design: Case-control. Methods: A questionnaire was administered to 150 patients with SD (with and without coexisting vocal tremor) and 136 patients with other structural, neurological, ...2012-01-01
77 Prevalence and causes of dysphonia in a large treatment-seeking populationObjective: To determine the prevalence and common causes of dysphonia as diagnosed by primary care physicians (PCPs) and otolaryngologists, and to evaluate differences in etiologies offered by these providers. Study Design: Retrospective analysis of data from a large, nationally representative admin...2012-01-01
78 College students goal orientations, situational motivation and effort/persistence in physical activity classesThe purpose of this study was to examine relationships among college students' 2 × 2 goal orientations (mastery-approach [MAp], mastery-avoidance [MAv], performance-approach [PAp], performance-avoidance [PAv]), situational motivation (intrinsic motivation, identified regulation, external regulation...2012-01-01
79 Lack of neuromuscular origins of adaptation after a long-term stretching programContext: Static stretching is commonly used during the treatment and rehabilitation of orthopedic injuries to increase joint range of motion (ROM) and muscle flexibility. Understanding the physiological adaptations that occur in the neuromuscular system as a result of long-term stretching may provid...2012-01-01
80 Targeting anabolic impairment in response to resistance exercise in older adults with mobility impairments: potential mechanisms and rehabilitation approachesMuscle atrophy is associated with healthy aging (i.e., sarcopenia) and may be compounded by comorbidities, injury, surgery, illness, and physical inactivity. While a bout of resistance exercise increases protein synthesis rates in healthy young skeletal muscle, the effectiveness of resistance exerci...2012-01-01
81 Physical activity differences by birthplace and sex in youth of Mexican HeritageBackground: One of the goals of Healthy People 2020 is to increase physical activity (PA) and reduce health disparities among different racial and ethnic segments of the U.S. population. Few studies have been conducted to examine PA differences by birthplace and sex in youth of Mexican heritage. Met...2012-01-01
82 The effect of variety expectations on interest, enjoyment, and locus of causality in exerciseMost attempts to influence intrinsic motivation have focused on contextual support for basic need satisfaction, including the provision of autonomy support, structure, and interpersonal involvement (e.g., Edmunds et al. in Eur J Soc Psychol 38:375-388, 2008). This study explored the extent to which ...2012-01-01
83 Effectiveness of a culturally adapted strengthening families program 12-16 years for high-risk Irish familiesBACKGROUND: Evidence-based programs (EBPs) targeting effective family skills are the most cost effective for improving adolescent behavioural health. Cochrane Reviews have found Strengthening Families Program (SFP) to be the most effective substance abuse prevention intervention. Standardized cultur...2012-01-01
84 It was hard, but it was good: a qualitative exploration of stress-related growth in division I intercollegiate athletesRecent research suggests that many individuals not only survive, but thrive as a result of life stress and trauma. Both scientific and anecdotal evidence support the notion of psychosocial growth and development following stress in athletes. The purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of ...2012-01-01
85 Modified response elaboration training: a systematic extension with replicationsBackground: Response Elaboration Training (RET; Kearns, 1985) has been found to consistently result in increased production of content in discourse with persons with aphasia. Positive treatment effects have been reported for persons representing a variety of aphasia types and severities. RET was mod...2012-01-01
86 Assessing the validity of the weight pressures in sport scale for male athletesMale athletes are subject to sociocultural pressures to attain a lean and muscular physique (e.g., media images), as well as weight pressures from the sport environment (e.g., performance). The purpose of our study was to examine the validity and reliability of a scale designed to measure sport-spec...2013-01-01
87 Effects of a classroom-based physical activity program on childrens physical activity levelsHigh levels of physical inactivity are evident among many American children. To address this problem, providing physical activity (PA) during the school day within the CSPAP framework, is one strategy to increase children's PA. Thus, the purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a classroo...2014-01-01
88 Associations of self-reported physical activity types and levels with quality of life, depression symptoms, and mortality in hemodialysis patients: The DOPPSBackground and objectives Physical activity has been associated with better health status in diverse populations, but the association in patients on maintenance hemodialysis is less established. Patient-reported physical activities and associations with mortality, health-related quality of life, and...2014-01-01
89 Psychosocial factors in sports injury rehabilitation and return to playThe goal of this review is to provide insight into the principles and practices that guide psychological intervention with injury and in so doing cultivate a psychologically minded approach to injury for the medical provider. The chapter is divided into two parts. Part 1 provides an overview of the ...2014-01-01
90 Semantic feature analysis: Application to confrontation naming of actions in aphasiaBackground: Despite advances in the development and testing of therapies for verb retrieval impairments in aphasia, generalization effects of treatment remain a challenge. Semantic Feature Analysis (SFA) is a word retrieval treatment that has been reported to result in generalized responding to untr...2014-01-01
91 The use of a modular titanium baseplate with a press-fit keel implanted with a surface cementing technique for primary total knee arthroplastyLittle data exists regarding outcomes following TKA performed with surface-cementation for the fixation of modular tibial baseplates with press-fit keels.Thus, we retrospectively reviewed the clinical and radiographic outcomes of 439 consecutive primary TKAs performed with surface cemented tibial co...2014-01-01
92 Patient-specific instrumentation in total knee arthroplasty provides no improvement in component alignmentImproved component alignment in TKA remains a commonly cited benefit of MRI based patient-specific instrumentation (PSI). We hypothesized that PSI would lead to improved alignment versus traditional instrumentation (TI) during primary TKA. Fifty-eight knees (54 patients) that underwent TKA with PSI...2014-01-01
93 Effect of leucine supplementation on fat free mass with prolonged hypoxic exposure during a 13-day trek to Everest Base Camp: A double-blind randomized studyLoss of body weight and fat free mass (FFM) are commonly noted with prolonged exposure to hypobaric hypoxia. Recent evidence suggests protein supplementation, specifically leucine, may potentially attenuate loss of FFM in subcaloric conditions during normoxia. The purpose of this study was to determ...2014-01-01
94 Early lexical characteristics of toddlers with cleft lip and palateMain Outcome Measures: The groups were compared for size of expressive lexicon reported on the MacArthur Communicative Development Inventory and the percentage of words beginning with obstruents and sonorants produced in a language sample. Differences between groups in the percentage of word initial...2014-01-01
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