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76 Frederick, Jeanne M.; Baehr, WolfgangReceptor for advanced glycation end products and age-related macular degeneration.Advanced glycation end products (AGE) exacerbate disease progression through two general mechanisms: modifying molecules and forming nondegradable aggregates, thus impairing normal cellular/tissue functions, and altering cellular function directly through receptor-mediated activation. In the present...Optic Atrophies, Hereditary; Apoptosis; Pigment Epithelium of Eye2004
77 Angelucci, Alessandra; Lund, Jennifer S.Circuits for local and global signal integration in primary visual cortexContrast-dependent changes in spatial summation and contextual modulation of primary visual cortex (V1) neuron responses to stimulation of their receptive field reveal long-distance integration of visual signals within V1, well beyond the classical receptive field (cRF) of single neurons. To identif...Primary Visual Cortex; Extrastriate Cortex; Feed-back Connections; Lateral Connections; SUrround Modulation; Macaque2002-10-01
78 Normann, Richard A.; Campbell, Patrick K.; Jones, Kelly E.; Huber, Robert J.; Horch, Kenneth W.Silicon-based, three-dimensional neural interface: manufacturing processes for an intracortical electrode arrayA method has been developed for the manufacture of a "three-dimensional" electrode array geometry for chronic intracortical stimulation. This silicon based array consists of a 4.2 x 4.2 x 0.12 mm thick monocrystalline substrate, from which project 100 conductive, silicon needles sharpened to facilit...Electric Stimulation; Electrodes, Implanted; Sensory Cortex; Intracortical Electrode Array1991
79 Bernstein, Paul S.HPLC measurement of ocular carotenoid levels in human donor eyes in the lutein supplementation era.PURPOSE: A substantial proportion of the population at risk for visual loss from age-related macular degeneration consumes supplements containing high doses of lutein, but clinical studies to date have shown only modest and variable increases in macular carotenoid pigments in response to supplementa...Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid; Dietary Supplements; Tissue Donors2007-02
80 Olson, Randall J.Comparison of patient satisfaction after uncomplicated cataract surgery between the silicone AMO SI-30/40 and the acrylic Alcon MA30BA and MA60BA foldable intraocular lensesPURPOSE: To compare patient satisfaction with vision 12 months after implantation of a silicone or acrylic foldable intraocular lens (IOL). SETTING: John A. Moran Eye Center, University of Utah Medical Center, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. METHODS: Selection criteria included patients who had uneventfu...Patient Satisfaction; Lenses, Intraocular; Silicone Elastomers; Biocompatible Materials2001-10
81 Baehr, WolfgangIdentification and light-dependent translocation of a cone-specific antigen, (Cone Arrestin) recognized by monoclonal antibody 7G6PURPOSE: To elucidate the antigen recognized by monoclonal antibody (mAb) 7G6, a widely used cone-specific marker. METHODS: 7G6 immunocytochemistry was performed on sections of human, primate, and bovine retina. The antigen was immunoprecipitated from human retinal lysates and purified with protein ...Cones (Retina); Molecular Sequence Data; Phototransduction2003
82 Normann, Richard A.Statistical encoding model for a primary motor cortical brain-computer interfaceA number of studies of the motor system suggest that the majority of primary motor cortical neurons represent simple movement-related kinematic and dynamic quantities in their time-varying activity patterns. An example of such an encoding relationship is the cosine tuning of firing rate with respect...Discrete Distribution; LN Model; Neural Decoding; Neuroprosthetics; Sequential Monte-Carlo Filter2005
83 Baehr, Wolfgang; Frederick, Jeanne M.; Church-Kopish, Jill; Howes, KimberlyMutant rhodopsin transgene expression on a null backgroundPURPOSE. To study mechanisms leading to photoreceptor degeneration in mouse models for autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa (adRP) based on the rhodopsin P23H mutation. METHODS. Mice of a transgenic line expressing a rhodopsin triple mutant, V20G, P23H, and P27L (GHL), were mated with rhodopsin (...Mutant Rhodopsin; Photoreceptor Degeneration; Autosomal Dominant Retinitis Pigmentosa; Rhodopsin2001-03
84 Askew, Eldon W.; Bernstein, Paul S.Serum and macular responses to antioxidant supplementation verus a carotenoid-rich dietary intervention in the elderly.The aim of this study was to observe responses of serum antioxidants, oxidative stress biomarkers, and macular carotenoid pigments to antioxidant supplements or dietary intervention in a single-masked, randomized, pilot clinical study of elderly subjects receiving antioxidant supplements or a dietar...Macula; Serum Carotenoids; Zeaxanthin2006-02-01
85 Normann, Richard A.; Johansson,Torbjorn; Abbasi, Masoud; Huber, Robert J.Three-dimensional architecture for a parallel processing photosensing arrayA three-dimensional architecture for a photosensing array has been developed. This silicon based architecture consists of a 10 x 10 array of photosensors with 80 microns diameter, through chip interconnects to the back side of a 500 microns thick silicon wafer. Each photosensor consists of a 300 x 3...Retina; Optics; Silicon; Photosensing1992
86 Normann, Richard A.; Jones, Kelly E.Advanced demultiplexing system for physiological stimulationA CMOS very large scale integration (VLSI) chip has been designed and built to implement a scheme developed for multiplexing/demultiplexing the signals required to operate an intracortical stimulating electrode array. Because the use of radio telemetry in a proposed system utilizing this chip may im...Electrode Array; Stimulation; Telemetry; Microelectrodes; Transistors1997
87 Creel, Donnell J.; Leventhal, Audie G.Retinal projections in tyrosinase-negative albino catsRetinal projections were examined in two tyrosinase-negative albino cats using autoradiographic techniques. Cats from this colony have pink eyes; their retinal pigment epithelium, ciliary body, and iris epithelium are completely devoid of melanin pigment. Test breeding for five generations indicates...Cats; Albinism; Vision; Autoradiography; Retina1982-07
88 Baehr, WolfgangLight-dependent redistribution of visual arrestins and transducin subunits in mice with defective phototransductionPURPOSE: The light-dependent redistribution of phototransduction components in photoreceptor cells plays a role in light adaptation. Upon illumination, rod and cone arrestins (Arr and cArr) translocate from the inner to the outer segments while transducin subunits (Talpha, Tbetagamma) translocate in...Phototransduction; Protein Kinases; Rhodopsin Kinase2003
89 Baehr, WolfgangLecithin-retinol acyltransferase is essential for accumulation of all-trans-retinyl esters in the eye and in the liverLecithin-retinol acyltransferase (LRAT), an enzyme present mainly in the retinal pigmented epithelial cells and liver, converts all-trans-retinol into all-trans-retinyl esters. In the retinal pigmented epithelium, LRAT plays a key role in the retinoid cycle, a two-cell recycling system that replenis...Antibodies, Monoclonal; Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid; Microscopy, Fluorescence2004
90 Olson, Randall J.Clinical experience with 21-gauge manual microphacoemulsification using Sovereign WhiteStar Technology in eyes with dense cataractPURPOSE: To present a series of patients who had 21-gauge microphacoemulsification using Sovereign WhiteStar technology. SETTING: John A. Moran Eye Center, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. METHODS: Eighteen consecutive patients with cataracts judged to be 3+ or 4+ on...Cataract; Microsurgery; Phacoemulsification; Postoperative Complications; Visual Acuity2004-01
91 Olson, Randall J.Effect of lens edge design versus anterior capsule overlap on posterior capsule opacificationPURPOSE: To determine whether lens edge design or anterior capsule overlap on the intraocular lens (IOL) has greater effect on posterior capsule opacification (PCO). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort clinical study. METHODS: Retrospective. SETTING: Academic clinical practice. PATIENT POPULATION: The pati...Posterior Capsular Opacification' Intraocular Lens; Anterior Capsular Opacification; Acrylic Lenses; Silicone Lenses2004-10
92 Normann, Richard A.; Chandler, John P.Effects of calcium ions on L-type horizontal cells in the isolated turtle retinaA technique by which the retina can be isolated from the turtle eye is described. Scanning electron microscopy revealed morphological variability between preparations and also between regions of the same one. Large areas were often totally free of any pigment epithelial cells, yet contained a high p...Retina; Calcium; Horizontal Cell; Turtle1990
93 Normann, Richard A.Signal transmission from red cones to horizontal cells in the turtle retina1. Intracellular recordings were made from L-type horizontal cells in the retina of the turtle Pseudemys scripta elegans. The responses were evoked by 500 msec pulses of 'white' light. 2. L-type horizontal cells were classified as either, 'small receptive field' s.r.f. or 'large receptive field' l.r...Turtles; Synapses; Retina; Photoreceptors1979
94 Olson, Randall J.Microphaco updateMicrophacoemulsification, or cataract surgery using ultrasound through two small stab incisions. Wound burn is now not a problem with AMO's Sovereign system plus Whitestar technology.Microphacoemulsification; Wound Burn; Cataract Extraction2002
95 Durney, Carl H.A computer graphics method for solving transcendental equationsThere are a number of ways to determine the values of x which satisfy the equation F(x)=0. (The case of interest here is that in which F i s a complex function of the complex variable x.) One way is to search for values of x which make Real (F(x)) and Imaginary (F(x)) both zero at the same time wher...Transcendental equations1970
96 Olson, Randall J.Mathematical description of causative factors and prevention of elevated intraocular pressure after keratoplastyIn keratoplasty with grafts the same size as the recipient bed, tight sutures and thick recipient corneal periphery distort the angle and may collapse the filtering meshwork. This can cause very high postoperative pressures, which can be avoided by the use of donor grafts larger than the recipient b...Keratoplasty; Trabecular Collapse; Angle Disrottion; Elevated Pressure; Aphakia; Mathematics1977-12
97 Baehr, Wolfgang; Prestwich, Glenn D.Photoreceptor cGMP phosphodiesterase delta subunit (PDEdelta) functions as a prenyl-binding proteinBovine PDEdelta was originally copurified with rod cGMP phosphodiesterase (PDE) and shown to interact with prenylated, carboxymethylated C-terminal Cys residues. Other studies showed that PDEdelta can interact with several small GTPases including Rab13, Ras, Rap, and Rho6, all of which are prenylate...Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer; GTP Phosphohydrolases; Immunohistochemistry2004
98 Normann, Richard A.Oscillations in rod and horizontal cell membrane potential: evidence for feed-back to rods in the vertebrate retina1. Rods and horizontal cells were studied with intracellular recordings in the retina of the toad, Bufo marinus; 161 cells were from the eyecup preparation and thirty were from the isolated perfused retina. 2. Of these cells, 39% exhibited either transient or sustained oscillations of membrane poten...Retina; Photoreceptors; Toads; Adaptation, Ocular1976
99 Baehr, Wolfgang; Katz, Bradley J.; Creel, Donnell J.; Zhang, KangAutosomal dominant cone dystrophy caused by a novel mutation in the GCAP1 gene (GUCA1A)PURPOSE: To describe the clinical features and genetic analysis of a family with an autosomal dominant cone dystrophy (adCD). METHODS: Selected members of a family with an autosomal dominant cone dystrophy underwent ophthalmic evaluation. Blood samples were obtained, genomic DNA was isolated, and ge...Mutation, Missense; DNA Mutational Analysis; Electroretinography2005
100 Levine, Edward M.Sonic hedgehog promotes rod photoreceptor differentiation in mammalian retinal cells in vitro.The hedgehog gene family encodes secreted proteins important in many developmental patterning events in both vertebrates and invertebrates. In the Drosophila eye disk, hedgehog controls the progression of photoreceptor differentiation in the morphogenetic furrow. To investigate whether hedgehog prot...Sonic hedgehog; Indian hedgehog; Desert hedgehog; Retina; Mitogenesis; Differentiation; Rod Photoreceptor1997-08-15
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