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76 Roles of Fgf4 and Fgf8 in limb bud initiation and outgrowth.Although numerous molecules required for limb bud formation have recently been identified, the molecular pathways that initiate this process and ensure that limb formation occurs at specific axial positions have yet to be fully elucidated. Based on experiments in the chick, Fgf8 expression in the in...Animals; Apoptosis; Forelimb; Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental; High Mobility Group Proteins; Hindlimb; In Situ Hybridization; Mesoderm; Mice, Mutant Strains; Trans-Activators2004-09
77 Secret of life module: on the brink, four profiles in groundbreaking scienceThis is a 15 minutes, 12 seconds segment of the WGBH series, Secret of life. Profiles include Dennis Slamon of UCLA and his work on the oncagenes and the creation of excess receptors that play a significant role in breast cancer; Patricia Steeg of the National Cancer Institute (NCI) and her work on...Transgenic mice; Gene targeting; Genetic engineering; Molecular genetics; Cancer - Research; Capecchi, Mario R.; Science - Moral and ethical aspects; Human chromosome abnormalities - Diagnosis; Gene expression; Gene regulation
78 Selective degradation of abnormal proteins in mammalian tissue culture cells.The degradation rates of several missense mutants of hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (EC in mouse L cells are compared to those of the wild-type enzyme. Although the rates of total protein breakdown in the mutant cell lines are identical to that of the parental L cell line, ...Gene Expression Regulation; Mice, Transgenic; Microscopy, Fluorescence1974-12-01
79 Synthesis of an ochre suppressor tRNA gene and expression in mammalian cells.We have used site-specific mutagenesis to change the anticodon of a Xenopus laevis tyrosine tRNA gene so that it would recognize ochre codons. This tRNA gene is expressed when amplified in monkey cells as part of a SV40 recombinant and efficiently suppresses termination at both the ochre codon separ...Xenopus; Nucleic Acid Conformation; Kidney; DNA Restriction Enzymes1984-11
80 Targeted disruption of the even-skipped gene, evx1, causes early postimplantation lethality of the mouse conceptus.Implantation within the mammalian uterus elicits dramatic changes in the growth, differentiation, and morphogenesis of the conceptus. This process is interrupted in mice carrying a targeted disruption of the murine evx1 gene, a homolog of the Drosophila even-skipped (eve) gene. Upon implantation, pr...Extraembryonic; Homozygotes; Drosophila1994-08-15
81 Targeted disruption of the murine int-1 proto-oncogene resulting in severe abnormalities in midbrain and cerebellar development.The int-1 proto-oncogene was first identified as a gene activated in virally induced mouse mammary tumours. Expression studies, however, suggest that the normal function of this gene may be in spermatogenesis and in the development of the central nervous system. Genes sharing sequence similarity wit...Animals; Blastocyst; Cell Line; Chimera; DNA; Female; Genotype; Heterozygote; Homozygote; Male; Mice, Inbred C57BL; Motor Activity1990-08-30
82 Targeted mutations in hoxa-9 and hoxb-9 reveal synergistic interactions.Mice were generated with a targeted disruption of the homeobox-containing gene hoxb-9. Mice homozygous for this mutation show defects in the development of the first and second ribs. In most cases the first and second ribs are fused near the point at which the first and second pairs of ribs normally...Embryonic and Fetal Development; In Situ Hybridization; Mice, Knockout1997-01-15
83 Targeting genes for self-excision in the germ lineA procedure is described that directs the self-induced deletion of DNA sequences as they pass through the male germ line of mice. The testes-specific promoter from the angiotensin-converting enzyme gene was used to drive expression of the Cre-recombinase gene. Cre was linked to the selectable marker...Cre-recombinase; Hoxa3; Chimeric mice1999-06-15
84 Virtual histology of transgenic mouse embryos for high-throughput phenotyping.A bold new effort to disrupt every gene in the mouse genome necessitates systematic, interdisciplinary approaches to analyzing patterning defects in the mouse embryo. We present a novel, rapid, and inexpensive method for obtaining high-resolution virtual histology for phenotypic assessment of mouse ...Forkhead Transcription Factors; Paired Box Transcription Factors2006
85 Xanthine oxidoreductase is central to the evolution and function of the innate immune system.The housekeeping enzyme xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR) has been studied intensively over the past 100 years, yet the complexity of its in vivo function is still poorly understood. A large body of literature focuses on the different catalyltic forms of XOR and their importance in the synthesis of reac...Animals; Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic; Humans; Immune System; Models, Biological2003-09-01
86 Yeast super-suppressors are altered tRNAs capable of translating a nonsense codon in vitro.tRNA isolated from two different yeast super-suppressor strains translates a known nonsense mutation in vitro, whereas tRNA from a closely related nonsuppressing strain does not. Suppression was assayed by translation of RNA isolated from an amber coat mutant of bacteriophage Qbeta (GB11) in a prote...Codon; Escherichia coli; Protein Biosynthesis1975-11
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