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CreatorTitleDescriptionSubjectDate
76 Horch, Kenneth W.Selective stimulation of peripheral nerve fibers using dual intrafascicular electrodesWe have studied activation of newe fibers by pairs of Pt-Ir wire electrodes implanted within single fascicles of the nerve innervating the gastrocnemius muscle in cats. The purpose of this study was to determine if these intrafascicular electrodes can activate nerve fibers in different fascicles...Functional electrical stimulation; Intrafascicular stimulation; Silicon electrode array1993
77 Christensen, Douglas A.Multiple sensor optical thermometry system for application in clinical hyperthermiaThe thermometry system described is based upon the temperature dependence of the band edge absorption of infrared light in GaAs crystal. The design of the thermometry was completed, and the system was subjected to an extensive evaluation, including testing with tissue phantoms and microwave applic...Thermometry; Hyperthermia applicator; Phantom tests1984-01
78 Horch, Kenneth W.; Normann, Richard A.Noble metal penetrating cortical stimulating electrode array: preliminary resultsElectrical stimulation of the visual cortex causes subjects to see spots of light (phosphenes) in their visual fields. We have developed arrays of penetrating electrodes which may from the basis of a visual prosthesis centered around electrical stimulation of the visual cortex. These arrays have bee...Visual prosthesis1988
79 Horch, Kenneth W.Information extraction from peripheral nervesThis work is directed toward providing better rehabilitation for people suffering from somatosensory loss and paralysis due to spinal cord injury, head trauma, or stroke. The goal of this project is to demonstrate that information suitable for controlling prosthetic devices, modulating functional el...Peripheral nerve; Neural recordings; Intrafascicular electrodes1991
80 Gesteland, Raymond F.Pattern of protein synthesis in monkey cells infected by simian virus 40After infection of several permanent monkey cell lines by simian virus 40 (SV40), four additional protein bands can be detected by simple sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of whole-cell extracts. These bands appear only after the onset of viral deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) syn...Monkeys; Simian virus 40; Peptides; DNA, Viral/biosynthesis1972
81 Horch, Kenneth W.Action potential classification with dual channel intrafascicular electrodesUsing recordings of peripheral nerve activity made with carbon fiber intrafascicular electrodes, we compared the performance of three different recording techniques (single channel, differential, and dual channel) and four different unit classification methods (linear discriminant analysis, temp...Carbon fiber intrafascicular electrodes; Dual channel recording1994
82 Christensen, Douglas A.; Horch, Kenneth W.Experience with the first three years of an accelerated dual-degree program in biomedical engineeringOur Department of Bioengineering has instituted a pilot program aimed at helping a select group of highly qualified students obtain both bachelor's and master's degrees in an accelerated timeframe-approximately four years from the beginning of their university studies. A key element of this progra...Accelerated; Dual-degrees; Education2004
83 Blumenthal, Donald K.; Underwood, Clayton J.Adaptation of the protein kinase filter paper assay to a 96-well microtiter format.The most widely used method for assaying protein kinase activities involves incorporation of radioactive phosphate into a protein or peptide substrate with subsequent binding or precipitaion of the radiolabeled substrate onto filter paper squares. We have adapted this assay for use with readily avai...Protein Kinase Activities; Filter Papers; Radioactive Phosphate1999-02-01
84 Normann, Richard A.; Shah, Maulik R.Study of printed spiral coils for neuroprosthetic transcranial telemetry applicationsWe have explored the use of printed spiral coils (PSC's) for neuroprosthetic transcranial telemetry applications. We fabricated two-dimensional PSC's on a thin (25 microns) polyimide substrate using copper (35 microns) as a conducting material. All the coils had a fixed inner diameter of 1.0 cm. We ...Blindness; Neuroprosthesis; Transcranial Telemetry System; Prosthesis Design1998
85 Horch, Kenneth W.Muscle recruitment through electrical stimulation of the lumbo-sacral spinal cordThe goal of this study was to determine the feasibility of producing graded muscle contraction in individual muscles or muscle groups by electrically stimulating motor neurons in the lumbo-sacral spinal cord. Recruitment curves were obtained for quadriceps, tibialis anterior and triceps surae/pl...Functional neuromuscular stimulation (FNS); Motor pools, Muscle recruitment, Spinal cord stimulation2000
86 Gesteland, Raymond F.; Krapcho, Karen J.; Talbot, Phil; Thulin, CraigCrystallization of the MS2 translational repressor alone and complexed to bromouridineThe coat protein from the MS2 bacteriophage plays a dual role by encapsidating viral RNA and also by binding RNA as a translational repressor. In order to study the isolated dimer in a conformation not influenced by capsid interactions, a mutant molecule was crystallized that is defective in capsid ...Crystallization; RNA Bacteriophage; RNA Hairpin; Translational Repressor1995
87 Normann, Richard A.Visual Neuroprosthetics: Functional Vision for the BlindResent progress in materials and microfabrication technologies have allowed researchers to reconsider the prospect of providing a useful visual sense to the profoundly blind. This will be accomplished by electrically stimulating their visual systems via an array of implanted microelectrodes. T...Visual Neuroprosthetics; Vision; Blindness1995-01
88 Horch, Kenneth W.; Tuckett, Robert P.; Burgess, Paul RichardNeural signal for the intensity of a tactile stimulusThe effect of indenting the skin at different rates on the perceived intensity of the stimulus was studied by indenting the skin of the fingertip with two triangular waveforms, given as a pair. The subjects were asked to judge which member of the pair was more intense. Perceived intensity was foun...Skin; Indentation; Nerve impulses1984
89 Gesteland, Raymond F.Characterization of lysozyme messenger and lysozyme synthesized in vitroIn vitro systems for protein systhesis have been in wide use for about 10 years. In most of the early work protein synthesis was measured by following the incorporation of radioactive amino acids into acid precipitable material. This test cannot distinguish between the synthesis of complete, activ...Lysozyme Messenger; Lysozyme Synthesized; Protein Synthesis1969
90 Horch, Kenneth W.Perspectives on new electrode technology for stimulating peripheral nerves with implantable motor prosthesesAbstract-The limits of present electrode technology are being reached in current motor prostheses for restoring functional movement in paralyzed people. Improved devices require electrodes and stimulation methods that will activate muscles selectively and independently with less implanted hardwa...Paralysis; Prostheses; Electrodes1995
91 Normann, Richard A.Statistical encoding model for a primary motor cortical brain-computer interfaceA number of studies of the motor system suggest that the majority of primary motor cortical neurons represent simple movement-related kinematic and dynamic quantities in their time-varying activity patterns. An example of such an encoding relationship is the cosine tuning of firing rate with respect...Discrete Distribution; LN Model; Neural Decoding; Neuroprosthetics; Sequential Monte-Carlo Filter2005
92 Gesteland, Raymond F.; Atkins, John F.; Wills, Norma M.rRNA-mRNA base pairing stimulates a programmed -1 ribosomal frameshiftBase pairing between the 3' end of 16S rRNA and mRNA is shown to be important for the programmed -1 frameshifting utilized in decoding the Escherichia coli dnaX gene. This pairing is the same as the Shine-Dalgarno pairing used by prokaryotic ribosomes in selection of translation initiators, but for ...Frameshifting; Escherichia coli; Binding Sites; Base Composition1994
93 Macleod, Robert S.Sensitivity and specificity of substrate mapping: An in silico framework for the evaluation of electroanatomical substrate mapping strategiesBackground - Voltage mapping is an important tool for characterizing proarrhythmic electrophysiological substrate, yet it is subject to geometric factors that influence bipolar amplitudes and thus compromise performance. The aim of this study was to characterize the impact of catheter orientation on...2014-01-01
94 Normann, Richard A.; Chandler, John P.Effects of calcium ions on L-type horizontal cells in the isolated turtle retinaA technique by which the retina can be isolated from the turtle eye is described. Scanning electron microscopy revealed morphological variability between preparations and also between regions of the same one. Large areas were often totally free of any pigment epithelial cells, yet contained a high p...Retina; Calcium; Horizontal Cell; Turtle1990
95 Normann, Richard A.Signal transmission from red cones to horizontal cells in the turtle retina1. Intracellular recordings were made from L-type horizontal cells in the retina of the turtle Pseudemys scripta elegans. The responses were evoked by 500 msec pulses of 'white' light. 2. L-type horizontal cells were classified as either, 'small receptive field' s.r.f. or 'large receptive field' l.r...Turtles; Synapses; Retina; Photoreceptors1979
96 Horch, Kenneth W.Unit analysis in composite neural recordingsWe have used threshold level, sinusoidal stimuli to selectively elicit phase-locked activity from cutaneous mechanoreceptors, for the purpose of evaluating single unit activity in multi-unit peripheral nerve recordings. Each receptor is characterized by its response to a range of mechanical stimuli ...Neural recordings; Nerve fibers; Cutaneous mechanoreceptors1989
97 Horch, Kenneth W.Towards a neuroprosthetic armEvidence indicates that user acceptance of modern artificial limbs by amputees would be significantly enhanced by a system that provides appropriate, graded, distally referred sensations of touch and joint movement, and that the functionality of limb prostheses would be improved by a more natural co...Neuroprosthetic arm; Peripheral nerve; Neuroprosthetics; Amputee2006
98 Christensen, Douglas A.Modeling sources in the FDTD formulation and their use in quantifying source and boundary condition errorsThe modeling of voltage and current sources as either added or replaced sources in FDTD simulations is described and their differences discussed in terms of a transmission line analogy. An infinitesimal current element (ICE) is used to illustrate the validation of added source modeling and to study...Finite-difference time-domain method; Infinitesimal current element1995-04
99 Lam, LeAnnPre-clinical animal model for ovarian cancer using live imaging systemDevelopment of a live imaging animal model for orthotopic ovarian cancers in order to better understand disease mechanisms and response to potential anticancer drug treatments.Ovarian cancer; Cancer; Animal model; Live imaging; Cell culture; ACCESS2015-04-14
100 Horch, Kenneth W.Microfabricated cylindrical multielectrodes for neural stimulationThe effects of spinal cord injuries are likely to be ameliorated with the help of functional electrical stimulation of the spinal cord, a technique that may benefit from a new style of electrode: the cylindrical multielectrode. This paper describes the specifications for, fabrication techniques for...Cylindrical multielectrode; Depth electrodes; Impedance testing; Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS); Microstimulation; Impedance testing; Neural prosthesis2006-02
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