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51 Ends and meansSince the advent of the atomic era, the United States has decided to wage war by covert means, intervening secretly in the election, selection and direction of governments in other countries. Our weapons are subversive propaganda, including "black" propaganda and disinformation; undermining the econ...Prados, John; Cockburn, Leslie; Treverton, Gregory; Covert wars; Central Intelligence Agency; CIA1988
52 Evanescence of living willsOrdinary wills dispose of property after death. Living wills direct medical treatment at the end of life, before death has come but when competence is lost. The analogy explicit in naming living wills after ordinary wills emphasizes that both speak after their maker no longer can express voice, abou...Power of attorney; Competence; Autonomy1988
53 Legal reasoning, antitrust policy and the social "science" of economicsThere is an area some eight to ten miles off Astoria, Oregon, called "The Bar," where the fresh water of the Columbia River meets the salt water of the Pacific Ocean. It is a place of turbulent, shifting currents and choppy waters where moving sand bars trap even the most experienced sailors. Like ...1988
54 Free exercise of religion in nineteenth century America: the Mormon casesThe Mormon cases present a fascinating study of diversity and conformity in the United States in the nineteenth century. From their beginning the Mormons were a gathered people. Almost immedi- ately, from their origins in New York, the Mormons challenged the legal systems in the nation and the state...Law; Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints; Nineteenth century; Polygamy; Theocracy1989
55 Shanties, symbolic speech, and the public forum: ramshackle protection for free expressionShanties, symbolizing student opposition to South African apartheid and the demand that United States universities divest from corporations doing business in South Africa, were the sit-ins of the 1980s. Silent but graphic, shanties challenged the established order and attracted media attention. Som...Civil demonstration; Civil protest; First Amendment; Civil liberties1990
56 Which past is prolog? the future of private antitrust enforcementFor the past four decades, and despite doubts voiced 100 years ago by the principal draftsmen of the Sherman Act,' the primary enforcement of the federal antitrust laws has occurred through private litigation.21990
57 Religion & the law: the Mormon experience in the nineteenth centuryThe Mormon cases present a fascinating study of diversity and conformity in the nineteenth century United States. From their beginning the Mormons were a gathered people. Almost immediately, from the time of the origin in New York, the Mormons challenged national and state legal systems to protect...Law; Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints; Nineteenth century; Polygamy; Theocracy1990
58 War power of Congress and revision of the war powers resolutionThe United States Congress enacted the War Powers Resolution to restore its constitutionally mandated control over the war- making process. By forcing the President to seek congressional approval for military activity in volatile situations, Congress hoped to avoid the abuse of the war power by the ...Control; Delegation; Self-defense1991
59 Lane lecture: Law and beyond law: a new humanityThe Cold War is finally over, Soviet Communism has collapsed along with the Soviet-sponsored regimes in Eastern Europe. This event will likely record in history as one of the five happenings in this century having shattering importance.Cold war; Peace; Nuclear weapons; International law1992
60 Orphan Drug Act: an unconstitutional exercise of the patent powerIn 1983, Congress adopted the Orphan Drug Act (the "Act") pursuant to its power to regulate interstate and foreign commerce to stimulate research and development of drugs useful in treating relatively rare diseases.1 The cost of drug research and complying with the complex requirements for securing ...Health Care; Drugs; Medicine; Medical treatment1992
61 Consumer expectations and access to health careAmericans-some of them at least-enjoy a remarkable range of expectations about their health care. They have come to rely on free choice of physicians, on autonomy and the doctrine of informed consent to care, on the belief that they can get the best care money can buy, on the assumption that resourc...Consumer expectations1992
62 Antitrust policy and health care reformAmong the economic and political challenges facing the United States today, none is more significant - yet difficult to resolve - than the complex puzzle of how to reform the delivery of health care services. A consensus appears to have been reached that reform should extend health care coverage to ...1994
63 Title IX: equality for women's sports?Since their beginnings in 1859 with a crew race between Harvard and Yale, intercollegiate athletics have been central to the mythology of American universities. Varsity football dominates the fall social calendar of student life; "homecoming," timed to coincide with an important football game, evok...1995
64 Common humanity, magnificent diversityLoss forces us inward toward fundamentals. All great spiritual traditions teach, in the words of Meister Eckhart, that spirituality is about subtraction, not addition, less and less not more and more. It is in losing life that we find it.Death; Dying1995
65 Introduction: symposium- Antitrust Policy and Health Care ReformHealth care markets and related sectors of the economy like insurance provide essential services in our society. They have been undergoing rapid change for at least the past decade, yet some thirty-seven to thirty-nine million citizens lack health care insurance at one time or another each year; ra...Antitrust law; Insurance, Health; Medical care1995
66 Introduction (symposium on health care)Health care markets and related sectors of the economy like insurance provide essential services in our society. They have heen undergoing rapid change for at least the past decade, yet some thirty-seven to thirty-nine million citizens lack health care insurance at one time or another each year; rap...Health care; Health insurance; Health care, providers1995
67 Three Recent Decisions of the Yemeni Supreme CourtDespite a rich history, beginning with the Ottoman constitutional movement in the latter part of the nineteenth century and that of Qajar Iran at the beginning of the twentieth, Middle Eastern constitutions have a propensity to turn into dead letters. Unless and until constitu- tional watchdogs begi...1995
68 Aventures à BeyrouthThis little book, published in limited edition in 1997, was written in 1995 by Chibli Mallat and illustrated by Tamer Mallat, then age 5.1995
69 Quick easy questions for analyzing medical ethical casesSometimes, traditional philosophical ways of analyzing medical-ethics cases seem just too cumbersome, particularly to people without training in ethical theory. The issues are important, interesting, often compellingly engaging. But it isn't the time for heavy jargon, or terms like "deontology" or ...1997
70 Seeing the stranger as enemy: coming outIn March 1996 the Utah state legislature banned gay / straight student support groups in all Utah public high schools. This act, along with the rhetoric of several legislators attacking gay and lesbian students, precipitated a rally of some 2,000 people at Salt Lake City's Wallace F. Bennett federal...Utah; Legislature; Gay/straight alliance; Public high school; Protest marches1997
71 Legal truth and moral realismThis January, the United States Supreme Court heard oral argument in appeals from two controversial "right to die" cases; decisions in the cases are expected by the end of the term.1 The Ninth Circuit case held that Washington's ban on assisted suicide, including physician-assisted suicide, violate...Suicide; Dying; Ethics1997
72 Flaws in higher education governance are putting the U of U at riskThe governance of colleges and universities has been an enduring source of controversy. At one time or another in the long history of higher education, paramount powers of governance have been claimed by students, faculty, clergy, administrators, boards of regents or trustees, and one or another b...Institution; University; System1997
73 Elderly immigrants: what should they expect of the social safety net?The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA) terminated federal benefits to many immigrants. The Balanced Budget Act of 1997 (BBA) only partially restored these benefits to select immigrants who lawfully resided in the United States before August 22, 1996. Pr...1997
74 The Lebanese Legal SystemLebanon was established in its present borders in 1920, in the wake of World War I and the collapse of the Ottoman empire. It acquired the main elements of its judicial and legal systems under the French mandate (1920-1943), and has retained most of them to date.1997
75 Khatami - A Man Amidst the WavesMuhammad Khatami takes over in August as president of Iran. How far will he change the Islamic Republic? What kind of change does Khatami want? Professor Chibli Mallat begins a major series of articles, exclusive to the Daily Star, on these crucial questions for the future of the Middle East.1997-06-23
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