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51 Malloy, Thomas E.; Jensen, Gary C.Mapping Bateson's Epistemology to Boolean Dynamic System: 1. The Emergence of Dynamic Form & 2. Hierarchies Form.Gregory Bateson (e.g., 2002, p. 85ff; 2000, p. 457-460) construed knowledge to be the propogation of "difference" in a complex network, noting (2000 p. 460) that "the transform of difference travelling in a circuit is an elementary idea." The idea of difference is coded as 0 and 1 in Boolean system...Network; Complex; Psychology; Mind; Nature2006-07-10
52 Werner, Carol M.Service-learning "rules" that encourage or discourage long-term service: implications for practice and researchWe use research and theory on intrinsic motivation to suggest that some service-learning practices may be counter-productive. Although these practices may encourage student involvement in the short-term, they may reduce interest over the long-term. We pose seven questions about service requirements ...Community; Choice; Opportunities2000
53 Diamond, LisaPsychobiological perspectives on attachment: implications for health over the lifespanOne of the most robust findings to emerge from health psychology over the past 30 years is that individuals in enduring, committed romantic relationships have longer, healthier, and happier lives than unmarried individuals (Kitigawa & Hauser, 1973; Ryff, Singer, Wing, & Love, 2001; Stack & Eshleman,...Health Psychology; Psychobiology; Relationships; Well-being2004
54 Fogel, Alan DaleChange processes in relationships: a relational-historical research approachThis work was supported by grants to Alan Fogel from the National Institute of Health (R01 HD21036), the National Science Foundation (BNS9006756) and the National Institute of Mental Health (R01MH48680), and by a grant to Andrea Garvey from the National Science Foundation of Brazil (CNPq). We grate...2006
55 Malloy, Thomas E.Difference to Inference: teaching logical and statistical reasoning through on-line interactivityDifference to Inference is an on-line JAVA program that simulates theory testing and falsification through research design and data collection in a game format. The program, based on cognitive and epistemological principles, is designed to support learning of the thinking skills underlying deductive...Online interactive instruction; Difference to inference2001
56 Friedrich, FrancesVisual perception without awareness in a patient with posterior cortical atrophy: impaired explicit but not implicit processing of global informationA patient with progressive posterior cortical atrophy (PCA) was examined on several tests of visual cognition. The patient displayed multiple visual cognitive deficits, which included problems identifying degraded stimuli, attending to two or more stimuli simultaneously, recognizing faces, tracing s...Posterior cortical atrophy; Global-local processing; Consciousness; Balint's syndrome; Simultanagnoisa2002
57 Florsheim, Paul W.; Ngu, LeDifferential outcomes among adolescent fathers: understanding fatherhood as a transformative processIn response to the rising numbers of mother headed households, there is a great debate about whether to encourage young unwed parents to marry. Policies designed to pursue and/or punish fathers who do not meet their legal and financial responsibilities and to promote marriage, carte blanche, are ref...Parenting; Gender; Matrimony2003-10-18
58 White, Paul H.Flexible correction processes in social judgment: implications for persuasionTwo experiments were conducted to examine correction for perceived bias in persuasion situations. Study 1 showed that, although a manipulation of source likability had an impact on attitudes when no instruction to remove bias was present, when people were asked to remove any bias from their judgmen...Manipulation; Likability; Biasing1998
59 Malloy, Thomas E.; Gordon, Oakley E.Online Homework/Quiz/Exam Applet: Freely available Java software for evaluating performance onlineThe Homework/Quiz/Exam applet is a freely available Java program that can be used to evaluate student performance on line for any content authored by a teacher. It has database connectivity so that student scores are automatically recorded. It allows several different types of questions. Each questi...Online coursework; Online course materials2002
60 Friedrich, Frances; Walker, James A.Effects of parietal injury on covert orienting of visual attentionThe cognitive act of shifting attention from one place in the visual field to another can be accomplished covertly without muscular changes. The act can be viewed in terms of three internal mental operations: disengagement of attention from its current focus, moving attention to the target, and enga...Dominance, Cerebral; Attention; Extinction, Psychological1984-07
61 Berg, Cynthia A.Role of problem interpretations in understanding the development of everyday problem solvingImagine the following conversation between an 11-year-old and a 14-year-old. The two are fighting over how best to solve a problem that the 14-year-old experienced while working on a project at school. The problem involved completing the project so that it would be competitive for the class prize. T...1994
62 Malloy, Thomas E.Steps to an ecology of emergenceTo begin to take steps to a mental ecology of emergence we first establish two fundamental assumptions from the methodology of transformational grammar-the centrality of human judgment based on direct experience and the proposition that the systematic nature of human behavior is algorithmically dri...Emergence; Perceptual Categories; Dynamic Constancy; Hierarchies; Boolean Models; Epistemology; Knowledge; Bateson; Kauffman2005
63 Hartmann, Donald P.Forcing square pegs into round holes: Some comments on "An Analysis-of-Variance Model for the Intrasubject Replication DesignThis paper critically examines the application of fixed-effect one-way analysis-of-variance procedures to learning data from a single subject. Procedures more appropriate for data obtained from intrasubject replication designs are briefly described.ANOVA; Variance analysis; Behavior analysis1974
64 Berg, Cynthia A.An interpersonal analysis of subjective social status and psychosocial riskSubjective social status (SSS) predicts health independently of traditional measures of socio-economic status (SES; Adler et al., 2008; Cohen et al., 2008). Although interpersonal variables are known to be related to both SES and health (Gallo, Smith, & Cox, 2006) and might contribute to their assoc...2011-01-01
65 Smith, Timothy W.Cellular aging and restorative processes: Subjective sleep quality and duration moderate the association between age and telomere length in a sample of middle-aged and older adultsStudy Objectives: To examine whether subjective sleep quality and sleep duration moderate the association between age and telomere length (TL). Design: Participants completed a demographic and sleep quality questionnaire, followed by a blood draw. Setting: Social Neuroscience Laboratory. Participant...2014-01-01
66 Drews, FrankDoes the shoe fit? Applying lessons learned in aviation to healthcareAviation's successful use of Decision Support Systems (DSS) has not been replicated in the healthcare subset of DSS referenced as Clinical Decision Support (CDS). Here the domains of healthcare and aviation are compared and contrasted providing an overview of the adaptation of lessons learned in avi...2012-01-01
67 Malloy, Thomas E.; Jensen, Gary C.Mapping Gregory Bateson's epistemology to nonlinear dynamic systems theory: dynamic form and hierarchies of knowledgeGregory Bateson construes mental process as the flow and transform of differences in a system whether the system be a single human or a complex ecology. Stuart Kauffman uses NK Boolean systems to model the self-organization of order in biological evolution. Because the Boolean base (0, 1) maps to Ba...Network; Complex; Psychology; Mind; Nature2006-10-23
68 Fogel, Alan DaleCourse in modern physics for ColombiaThe problems on encounters in teaching physics in Colombia have been recognized for a number of years and can be easily generalized to almost every country in Latin America. These problems are sufficiently widespread, reaching not only across international lines but throughout all the levels of the ...1970
69 Drews, Frank; Bermudez, Julio Cesar; Agutter, James A.; Foresti, Stefano A.; Westenskow, Dwayne R.; Syroid, Noah Daniel; Tashjian, ElizabethBetween art, science and technology: data representation architectureAs our civilization continues to dive deeper into the information age, making sense of complex data becomes critical. This work takes on this challenge by means of a novel method based on complete interdisciplinarity, design process and built-in evaluations. The result is the design, construction, ...Data representation; Visualization design; Data environments2005
70 White, Paul H.Clinical validation and cognitive elaboration: signs that encourage sustained recyclingThree field experiments coupled the clinical psychology concept of validation with Elaboration Likelihood Model-Heuristic-Systematic Model theorizing to increase the influence of persuasive messages on aluminum can recycling. Signs that validated students' complaints that aluminum can recycling was ...Psychology; Recycled products; Refuse, disposal; Clinical Psychology; Field experiments2002-08-01
71 Fogel, Alan DaleRelationships that support human developmentWhen Susan was one-and-one-half years old, she had been playing the "lion game" with her mother for the past few months. With a lion puppet on her hand, Susan's mother made the lion roar, tickle, bite, and tease Susan, who seemed delighted to be aroused and frightened. Susan and her mother first co...2008
72 Smith, Timothy W.Relative status, partner dominance, depression, & self-rated health2011
73 Fogel, Alan DaleNoninnatist alternatives to the negative evidence hypothesisIn this commentary we consider three issues. First, we suggest that Crain's definition of innateness is not biologically plausible. Second, we show how the criteria he uses as hallmarks of innateness can have alternative explanations. Finally, we reinterpret his research findings on grounds that do ...1992
74 Werner, Carol M.; Brown, Barbara B.Using accelerometer feedback to identify walking destinations, activity overestimates, and stealth exercise in obese and nonobese individualsAccelerometer output feedback might enable assessment of recall biases for moderate bouts by obese and nonobese individuals; accelerometry might also help residents recall destinations for moderate-intensity walking bouts. Methods: Adult residents' 1-week accelerometer-measured physical activity and...Physical activity assessment; METs; Community-based research; Obese2008
75 Hartmann, Donald P.Changing criterion designThis article describes and illustrates with two case studies a relatively novel form of the multiple-baseline design called the changing criterion design. It also presents the design's formal requirements, and suggests target behaviors and circumstances for which the design might be useful.Multiple baseline; Changing criterion design; Methodology; Shaping; Experimental control1976
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