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51 Vardeny, Zeev Valentine; Ehrenfreund, Eitan A.Resonant Raman scattering from amplitude modes in trans-(CH)x and -(CD)xThe three resonantly enhanced Raman vibrations in trans-(CK)x and ~(CD)X are described in terms of amplitude modes associated with the Peierls gap. The dispersion in the Raman-line profiles is explained by inhomogeneity. A narrow distribution of the effective electron-phonon coupling constant is re...Peierls gap1983-12
52 Gondolo, PaoloAnnual modulation of dark matter in the presence of streamsIn addition to a smooth component of weakly interacting massive particle (WIMP) dark matter in galaxies, there may be streams of material; the effects of WIMP streams on direct detection experiments is examined in this paper. The contribution to the count rate due to the stream cuts off at some char...WIMP streams; Weakly interacting massive particles; Cutoff energy; Halo models; Sagittarius dwarf galaxy; Recoil energy; Sgr stream2006-08
53 Mattis, Daniel C.Ground-state energy of Heisenberg antiferromagnet for spins s=1/2 and s=1 in d=1 and 2 dimensionsA simple real-space renormalization method yields the ground-state energy of the Heisenberg antiferromagnet. We find the ground-state energy per spin for s=1/2 (-0.4438 in ID , -0.6723 in 2D ) and s = 1 (-1.388 in ID and -1.907 in 2D) to three-figure accuracy, using properties of relatively small o...Ground-state energy; Heisenberg antiferromagnet; Long-range order1988-07
54 Vardeny, Zeev ValentineOptical and transport studies of single molecule tunnel junctions based on self-assembled monolayersWe have fabricated a variety of novel molecular tunnel junctions based on self-assembled-monolayers (SAM) of two-component solid-state mixtures of molecular wires (1,4 methane benzene-dithiol; Me-BDT with two thiol anchoring groups), and molecular insulator spacers (1-pentanethiol; PT with one thio...2005-09
55 DeTar, CarletonQCD thermodynamics with two flavors at Nt=6The first results of numerical simulations of quantum chromodynamics on the Intel iPSC/860 parallel processor are presented. We performed calculations with two flavors of Kogut-Susskind quarks at Nt = 6 with masses of 0.15T and 0.075T (0.025 and 0.0125 in lattice units) in order to locate the crosso...Kogut-Susskind quarks; Crossover temperature; Chiral symmetry; Polyakov loop; Phase transitions1992-05
56 Wu, Yong-ShiHidden massive Dirac fermions in effective field theory for integral quantum Hall transitionsIntegral quantum Hall plateau transitions in a planar lattice system due to gap collapse can be described by an effective field theory with Dirac fermions. We discuss how to reproduce the correct integral values for the Hall conductance sxy before and after the plateau transition, which are dictat...Dirac fermions; Vorticities; Edge states; Hall conductance1996-08
57 Stringfellow, Gerald B.; Williams, Clayton C.Spatial mapping of ordered and disordered domains of GaInP by near-field scanning optical microscopy and scanning capacitance microscopyImaging of topography, locally induced photoluminescence and Fermi-level pinning in adjacent ordered and disordered domains on a cleaved GaInP sample is performed using a near-field scanning optical microscope and scanning capacitance microscope at room temperature in air. Highly localized photolumi...Gallium Phosphides; Surface Structure; Photoluminescence1996-04-13
58 Wu, Yong-ShiRenormalization group equations and the Lifshitz point in noncommutative Landau-Ginsburg theoryA one-loop renormalization group (RG) analysis is performed for noncommutative Landau-Ginsburg theory in an arbitrary dimension. We adopt a modern version of the Wilsonian RG approach, in which a shell integration in momentum space bypasses the potential IR singularities due to UV-IR mixing. The mo...2002-02
59 DeTar, CarletonZero temperature string breaking in lattice quantum chromodynamicsThe separation of a heavy quark and antiquark pair leads to the formation of a tube of flux, or ‘‘string,'' which should break in the presence of light quark-antiquark pairs. This expected zero-temperature phenomenon has proven elusive in simulations of lattice QCD. We study mixing between the ...String breaking; Wilson loop2001-09
60 Mattis, Daniel C.Effect of band structure on ferromagnetism*We extend Nagaoka's study of the ferromagnetism of nearly half-filled bands in the infinite-repulsion limit of the Hubbard model by including next-nearest-neighbor tight-binding overlap matrix elements K2. Particles can now get past one another, even in one dimension. We find corroboration of Nagaok...Eigenstates; Spin waves1974-08
61 Vardeny, Zeev Valentine; Ehrenfreund, Eitan A.Detection of soliton shape modes in polyacetyleneWe observed soliton shape modes by photoinduced absorption in partially isomerized (CH)x and (CD)x, coexisting with the soliton translational modes. The shape modes' ir activity, their dependence on the degree of isomerization, and the photoinduced spectra are explained in detail by a symmetry-break...Soliton shape modes; Polyacetylene; Photoinduced absorption1986-12
62 Vardeny, Zeev ValentinePicosecond photomodulation study of nanocrystalline hydrogenated siliconWe have extended our photomodulation studies of nc-Si:H to the picosecond time domain. We measured the decays of photoinduced reflectivity with lOOfs temporal resolution as a function of. light intensity. Comparison with the data obtained on a-Si:H and c-Si indicates that ultrafast trapping and reco...Picosecond photomodulation; Nanocrystalline silicon1990
63 Ailion, David CharlesHigh sensitivity nuclear quadrupole resonance approach for detection of modulation wave motion in incommensurate systemsIn contrast to conventional NMR techniques that use magnetic field gradients (MFCs) to detect the diffusion of moving atoms, we have developed a highly sensitive approach for detecting electric field gradient (EFG) fluctuations seen by stationary atoms. These EFG fluctuations were observed in the ...NMR; MFG; Magnetic field gradients; Diffusion constants; Atoms; Nuclei1995
64 Vardeny, Zeev ValentinePhotoinduced quantum interference antiresonances in ∏-conjugated polymersWe observed photoinduced quantum interference antiresonances between several discrete infraredactive vibrations and the lower-polaron continuous absorption band in a series of p-conjugated polymer films having superior planar orders, where the polaron transition energy is relatively small. The phot...pi-conjugated polymers; Antiresonances; Fano-type antiresonances2002-05
65 Vardeny, Zeev ValentineOptically detected magnetic resonance studies of undoped a-Si:HPhotogenerated carrier dynamics in undoped a-Si:H have been studied by photoinduced absorption (PA), photoluminescence (PL) and their respective optically detected magnetic resonances: PADMR and PLDMR. We have detected for the first time the "g = 4" resonance in PADMR in addition to the previously ...Undoped a-Si:H; Amorphous silicon; Carrier dynamics1996
66 DeTar, CarletonEquation of state for two flavor QCD at Nt=6We calculate the two flavor equation of state for QCD on lattices with lattice spacing a=(6T)21 and find that cutoff effects are substantially reduced compared to an earlier study using a=(4T)21. However, it is likely that significant cutoff effects remain. We fit the lattice data to expected forms ...Phase transitions; Quark-gluon plasma; Chiral symmetry1997-06
67 Gondolo, PaoloDark stars: BegynnelsenThe first phase of stellar evolution in the history of the universe may be Dark Stars, powered by dark matter heating rather than by fusion. Weakly interacting massive particles, which are their own antiparticles, can annihilate and provide an important heat source for the first stars in the univers...Dark stars; WIMP; Weakly interacting massive particles; Annihilations2009
68 Ailion, David CharlesNuclear magnetic resonance study of diffusion of bound and free fluorine interstitials in alkaline earth fluorides doped with trivalent impuritiesWhen alkaline-earth fluorides are doped with trivalent impurities, interstitial fluorines are created to maintain charge neutrality. We have performed NMR dipolar-energy relaxation measurements over a wide temperature range and have observed the diffusion of both free and locally bound fluorine inte...Diffusion; Motion; Crystals; NMR; Fluorine1979
69 Vardeny, Zeev Valentine; Nahata, AjayResonantly-enhanced transmission through a periodic array of subwavelength apertures in heavily-doped conducting polymer filmsWe observed resonantly-enhanced terahertz transmission through two-dimensional (2D) periodic arrays of subwavelength apertures with various periodicities fabricated on metallic organic conducting polymer films of polypyrrole heavily doped with PF6 molecules [PPy(PF6)]. The"anomalous transmission" s...Resonantly enhanced transmission; Subwavelength apertures; Polypyrrole; PPy(PF6)2006
70 Mattis, Daniel C.Comment on "Ground-state properties of a spin-1 antiferromagnetic chainBotet and Jullien [Phys. Rev. B 27, 613 (1983)] and Botet, Jullien, and Kolb [Phys. Rev. B 28, 3914 (1983)] performed a finite-size scaling analysis of the spin-1 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg-Ising chain. Their work was criticized by Bonner and Mtiller [Phys. Rev. B 29, 5216 (1984)] on the grounds...Antiferromagnets; Ground-state; Ising chain; Energy gap1985-04
71 Sokolsky, PierreEffect of clouds on apertures of space-based air fluorescence detectorsSpace-based ultra-high-energy cosmic ray detectors observe fluorescence light from extensive air showers produced by these particles in the troposphere. Clouds can scatter and absorb this light and produce systematic errors in energy determination and spectrum normalization. We study the possibilit...Fluorescence; Cloud detection; Extensive air showers2004-01
72 Gondolo, PaoloEffect of dark matter on the first stars: a new phase of stellar evolutionDark matter (DM) in protostellar halos can dramatically alter the current theoretical framework for the formation of the first stars. Heat from supersymmetric DM annihilation can overwhelm any cooling mechanism, consequently impeding the star formation process and possibly leading to a new stellar ...Dark stars2008
73 Mattis, Daniel C.Reconstructing the thermodynamic properties out of scattering cross sectionsUsing Green's functions of electrons scattered at an impurity site, I derive expressions for the energy όU solely in terms of the electronic scattering cross section,, My formulas can correlate the excess specific heat of dilute alloys with their resistivity. Formulas are derived for nontrivial sca...Wolff's function1976-01
74 DeTar, CarletonO(2,1) decomposition of the equal-mass multipheripheral equation at t=0We extend the results of a group-theoretical analysis of the t=0 multiperipheral equation to the case t<0 for pairwise equal masses. Using variables discussed in a previous paper, we diagonalize the equation in the Bali-Chew-Pignotti (BCP) model with respect to the 0(2, 1) group and relate the solut...Multiperipheral model; Unitaries1970-05
75 Gondolo, PaoloCompatibility of DAMA dark matter detection with other searchesWe present two examples of velocity distributions for light dark matter particles that reconcile the annual modulation signal observed by DAMA with all other negative results from dark matter searches. They are: (1) a conventional Maxwellian distribution for particle masses around 5 to 9 GeV; (2) ...DAMA; CDMS; Neutralinos; WIMP; Weakly interacting massive particles; Halo models; Dark matter stream2005-06
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