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51 Olson, Randall J.Efficacy and wound-temperature gradient of WhiteStar technology phacoemulsification through a 1.2 mm incisionPURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and wound-temperature gradients of WhiteStar micropulse technology using bimanual phacoemulsification without an irrigation sleeve through a 1.2 mm incision. SETTING: Island Eye Surgicenter, Carle Place, New York, USA. METHODS: Ten patients had bimanual phacoemulsif...Endothelium, Corneal; Surgical Procedures; Lens Implantation; Wound Temperature gradient2003-06
52 Frederick, Jeanne M.Inhibitors of metalloendoprotease activity prevent K+-stimulated neurotransmitter release from the retina of Xenopus laevis.Metalloendoprotease activity was identified in retinal homogenates using a synthetic fluorogenic metalloendoprotease substrate and specific metalloendoprotease inhibitors. The requirement of metalloendoprotease activity in neurotransmitter release was examined during the depolarization-induced relea...Neuromuscular Junction; Neurotransmitter Agents; Membrane Fusion1984
53 Normann, Richard A.; Maynard, Edwin M.Neural interface for a cortical vision prosthesisThe development of a cortically based vision prosthesis has been hampered by a lack of basic experiments on phosphene psychophysics. This basic research has been hampered by the lack of a means to safely stimulate large numbers of cortical neurons. Recently, a number of laboratories have developed a...Neuroprosthetics; Artificial Vision; Electrode Arrays; Multielectrode Recordings; Biocompatibility1999
54 Olson, Randall J.; Crandall, Alan S.; Caldwell, Karin D.; Jensen, Michael K.Intraoperative crystallization on the intraocular lens surfacePURPOSE: To report a physician survey, laboratory studies, and clinical observations of intraoperative crystallization on the surface of the intraocular lens (IOL). METHOD: We sent a survey to all ophthalmologists in the states of Wyoming, Idaho, Montana, Utah, and Colorado asking whether crystalliz...Cataract Extraction; Intraoperative Complications; Risk Factors1998-08
55 Normann, Richard A.; Kolb, HelgaNeural organization of the retina of the turtle Mauremys caspica: a light microscope and Golgi studyThe organization of the retina of the turtle species Mauremys caspica, found in fresh water ponds of Israel, has been examined by light microscopical techniques including examination of fresh wholemount retina, one micron blue-stained vertical sections and Golgi-stained material. The anatomical find...Turtle Retina; Photoreceptors; Golgi Technique; Amarcine Cells1988
56 Olson, Randall J.Cohort study of 27 cases of endophthalmitis at a single institutionPURPOSE: To identify potential risk factors associated with post-cataract surgery bacterial endophthalmitis. SETTING: The John A. Moran Eye Center, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study consisted of patients who had surgery for cataract(s) at this eye hospital. A 10% sa...Cataract Extraction; Endophthalmitis; Wound Healing; Risk Factors2005-04
57 Angelucci, AlessandraLayer-specific programs of development in neocortical projection neuronsHow are long-range axonal projections from the cerebral cortex orchestrated during development? By using both passively and actively transported axonal tracers in fetal and postnatal ferrets, we have analyzed the development of projections from the cortex to a number of thalamic nuclei. We report th...Axonal Transport; Efferent Pathways; Brain Mapping1995
58 Digre, Kathleen B.CT and hemifacial spasm.Forty-six patients with typical hemifacial spasm had CT. Thirty-eight (83%) were abnormal, including two with surgically documented tumors. Thirty-six had a characteristic dolichoectatic vertebrobasilar artery, with the convexity pointing to the side of the spasm in 92% of the scans. This study sugg...Hemifacial spasms; Tumors; Dolichoectiatic vertebrobasilar artery1988-07
59 Bernstein, Paul S.; Leppert, Mark F.Genotype-phenotype analysis of ABCR variants in macular degeneration probands and siblingsPURPOSE: Single-copy variants of the autosomal recessive Stargardt disease (STGD1) gene ABCR (ABCA4) have been shown to confer enhanced susceptibility to age-related macular degeneration (AMD). To investigate the role of ABCR alleles in AMD further, genotype-phenotype analysis was performed on sibli...DNA Mutational Analysis; Nuclear Family; Phenotype2002
60 Olson, Randall J.; Pingree, Michael F.; Lundergan, Maureen K.Penetrating keratoplasty for keratoconus: a long-term review of results and complicationsPURPOSE: To study the long-term complications of penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) to evaluate current recommendations to patients with keratoconus. SETTING: John Moran Eye Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. METHODS: Retrospective study of all PKP procedures for keratoconus performe...Visual Acuity; Refraction, Ocular; Keratoconus; Astigmatism2000-07
61 Olson, Randall J.; Mamalis, Nick; Spencer, Terrence S.Postoperative sterile endophthalmitis (TASS) associated with the memorylensPURPOSE: To report 10 cases of delayed-onset acute intraocular inflammation following cataract extraction and posterior chamber implantation of the MemoryLens(R) intraocular lens (IOL). SETTING: John A. Moran Eye Center, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. MET...Memory Lens; Toxic Anterior Segment Syndrome; Retrospective Studies; adverse effects2000-12
62 Normann, Richard A.Background and bleaching adaptation in luminosity type horizontal cells in the isolated turtle retina1. The effects of background illumination and bleached photopigment on luminosity type horizontal cells were studied in the isolated turtle retina. 2. Background illumination, which produced less than 60% bleaching, hyperpolarized and desensitized the horizontal cells to a degree which depended upon...Turtles; Retina; Photoreceptors; Bleached photopigment; Dark Adaptation1990
63 Baehr, WolfgangGuanylyl cyclase activating protein. A calcium-sensitive regulator of phototransductionGuanylyl cyclase activating protein (GCAP1) has been proposed to act as a calcium-dependent regulator of retinal photoreceptor guanylyl cyclase (GC) activity. Using immunocytochemical and biochemical methods, we show here that GCAP1 is present in rod and cone photoreceptor outer segments where photo...Cloning, Molecular; DNA Primers; Molecular Sequence Data1995
64 Normann, Richard A.; Campbell, Patrick K.; Jones, Kelly E.100 electrode intracortical array: structural variabilityA technique has been developed for fabricating three dimensional "hair brush" electrode arrays from monocrystalline silicon blocks. Arrays consist of a square pattern of 100 penetrating electrodes, with 400 microns interelectrode spacing. Each electrode is 1.5mm in length and tapers from about 100 m...Microelectrode arrays; Stimulation; Micromachining1990
65 Olson, Randall J.Wound complications associated with incision enlargement for foldable intraocular lens implantation during cataract surgeryPURPOSE: To determine the relationship between various intraocular lens (IOL) types and the incidence of unwanted light images. SETTING: The Moran Eye Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. METHODS: A telephone questionnaire was administered to 302 postoperative patients who had rece...Cararact Surgery; Incision Enlargement; Wound Complications; Vision Disorders2000-06
66 Baehr, Wolfgang; Zhang, KangElovl4 mRNA distribution in the developing mouse retina and phylogenetic conservation of Elovl4 genesPURPOSE: Stargardt-like macular dystrophy (STGD3) is an autosomal dominant form of early onset macular degeneration. The disease causing gene ELOVL4 encodes a protein that belongs to a family of proteins functioning in elongation of long chain fatty acids. The purpose of this study is to characteriz...Amino Acid Sequence; Cloning, Molecular; Molecular Sequence Data2003
67 Digre, Kathleen B.; Warner, Judith E. A.; Bernstein, Paul S.; Alder, Stephen C.Vitamin A in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with and without idiopathic intracranial hypertensionWe quantified vitamin A in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension, elevated intracranial pressure of other causes and normal intracranial pressure. Vitamin A could be detected by high-pressure liquid chromatography in most of the specimens. There was a signific...Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid; Headache2002-11
68 Crockett, David K.Utility of gene-specific algorithms for predicting pathogenicity of uncertain gene variantsThe rapid advance of gene sequencing technologies has produced an unprecedented rate of discovery for genome variation in humans. A growing numbered of authoritative clinical repositories archive gene variants and disease phenotype, yet there are currently many more gene variants that lack clear ann...2012
69 Kleinschmidt, Julia J.; Grosshans, Onie; Caserta, Michael; Saffel-Shrier, Susan; Tuohig, GailIntervening in midlife for optimal retirement: a guide for health educatorsFactors contributing to successful retirement deserve increased attention given the rapid growth of the aging population. Antecedent to successful retirement is successful aging. The middle aged population is an opportune target for health promotion and health education interventions as this group...Retirement; Aging Process;Education Interventions; Health Promotion1991-10
70 Baehr, WolfgangIsolation and characterization of cGMP phosphodiesterase from bovine rod outer segmentsA simple purification method has been developed for isolation of bovine cGMP phosphodiesterase from photoreceptor rod outer segments. The enzyme is peripherally membrane bound in its native state and is present in relatively high concentrations. In the bovine photoreceptors its molar ratio to rhodop...Enzyme Activation; Macromolecular Substances; Trypsin/pharmacology1979
71 Normann, Richard A.Functional reorganization of primary visual cortex induced by electrical stimulation in the cat.Compared to the high degree of plasticity observed in a juvenile, mature sensory cortices have long been held to be immutable but, recently, researchers have suggested some plasticity persists in the mature cortex. Cortical reorganization has particular saliency to the development of a cortically ba...Cat; Electrophysiology; Phosphene; Plasticity; Receptive Field; Striate Cortex2005
72 Baehr, WolfgangPharmacological and rAAV gene therapy rescue of visual functions in a blind mouse model of Leber congenital amaurosisBACKGROUND: Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA), a heterogeneous early-onset retinal dystrophy, accounts for approximately 15% of inherited congenital blindness. One cause of LCA is loss of the enzyme lecithin:retinol acyl transferase (LRAT), which is required for regeneration of the visual photopigmen...Disease Models, Animal; Genetic Vectors; Molecular Sequence Data2005
73 Kriesel, John D.; Spruance, Spotswood L.Rocky Mountain spotted fever following cardiac transplantation.ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPOTTED FEVER was first recognized in the early 1 900s in the Snake River Valley of Idaho and the Bitterroot Valley of western Montana.t In 1909, Howard Taylor Ricketts established the ixodid tick as the vector for the disease.2 Following the tick bite, the incubation period aver...Male; Adult; Humans1993
74 Baehr, WolfgangCloning and sequence analysis of the major outer membrane protein genes of two Chlamydia psittaci strainsWe cloned and sequenced the gene encoding the major outer membrane protein (MOMP) of two Chlamydia psittaci strains, guinea pig inclusion conjunctivitis (GPIC) strain 1, and meningopneumonitis (Mn) strain Cal-10. Intraspecies alignment of the two C. psittaci MOMP genes revealed 80.6% similarity, and...Base Sequence; Cloning, Molecular; Amino Acid Sequence1989
75 Digre, Kathleen B.Significance of CT and MR findings in sphenoid sinus disease.Disorders of the paranasal sinuses, particularly the sphenoid sinus, can be associated with significant disorders of the optic and other cranial nerves. We examined 100 consecutive routine CT scans, 100 posterior fossa CT scans, and 100 MR scans to look for evidence of sinus disease, especially of t...Sphenoid Sinus; Vision Disorders; Paranasal Sinus Diseases; Magnetic Resonance Imaging1989-05
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