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51 Lack of angiotensin II-facilitated erythropoiesis causes anemia in angiotensin-converting enzyme-deficient miceWhile nephrologists often observe reduced hematocrit associated with inhibitors of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), the basis for this effect is not well understood. We now report that two strains of ACE knockout mice have a normocytic anemia associated with elevated plasma erythropoietin levels...ACE2000-10-31
52 Lessons from angiotensin-converting enzyme-deficient mice.Mice which lack ACE have low systolic blood pressure, reduced male fertility and a renal abnormality characterized by medullary hypoplasia and the inability to concentrate urine. The diverse phenotypes caused by inactivation of a single gene emphasize the many functional roles of ACE and the renin-q...Blood Pressure; Cell Line;Fertility; Kidney; Testis1991-11-01
53 Local television news clips for June 14, 1994 featuring Mario CapecchiThis is a compilation of news clips from Salt Lake City's four major commercial television stations (Channels 2, 4, 5, and 13) lasting a total of 2 minutes, 59 seconds. The topic is Capecchi's winning of the General Motors Corporation's Alfred P. Sloan Jr. Prize for Outstanding Basic Science Contrib...Transgenic mice; Gene targeting; Cancer - Research - Awards; Capecchi, Mario R.; Science - Awards - United States; Television broadcasting of news1994-06-14
54 Location and function of retroviral and SV40 sequences that enhance biochemical transformation after microinjection of DNA.Biochemical transformation of thymidine-kinase-deficient (TK-) mouse L cells is enhanced 20 to 40 fold when microinjected plasmid DNA contains regions of the genomes of Rous sarcoma virus or simian virus 40 in addition to the complete herpes simplex virus tk gene, irrespective of the orientation and...Animals; Base Sequence; Genes, Viral; Plasmids; Thymidine Kinase1983-07-01
55 Location of crossovers during gene targeting with insertion and replacement vectors.Gene targeting was used to introduce nonselectable genetic changes into chromosomal loci in mouse embryo-derived stem cells. The nonselectable markers were linked to a selectable marker in both insertion- and replacement-type vectors, and the transfer of the two elements to the Hprt locus was assaye...Genetic Vectors; Molecular Sequence Data; Restriction Mapping1993-04
56 Maintenance of functional equivalence during paralogous Hox gene evolution.Biological diversity is driven mainly by gene duplication followed by mutation and selection. This divergence in either regulatory or protein-coding sequences can result in quite different biological functions for even closely related genes. This concept is exemplified by the mammalian Hox gene comp...Alleles; Animals; Cervical Vertebrae; Embryo; Genetic Complementation Test; Homeodomain Proteins; Homozygote; Mice2000-02-10
57 Male fertility is dependent on dipeptidase activity of testis ACE.Testis angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) is an isozyme exclusively expressed by developing sperm. This protein has only a single catalytic domain containing the HEXXH consensus-site motif typical of zinc metallopeptidases. The exact role of testis ACE is unknown, but male mice lacking the protein ...Amino Acid Motifs; Blotting, Western; Catalytic Domain; Comparative Study; Isoenzymes; Protein Structure, Tertiary2005-11-11
58 Measurement of suppressor transfer RNA activity.Transfer RNA (tRNA) suppression of nonsense mutations in prokaryotic systems has been widely used to study the structure and function of different prokaryotic genes. Through genetic engineering techniques, it is now possible to introduce suppressor (Su+) tRNA molecules into mammalian cells. A quanti...Animals; Cells, Cultured; Eukaryotic Cells; Genes, Viral; Mice; Orthomyxoviridae; Peptide Chain Termination, Translational; Protein Biosynthesis1983-08-26
59 Mice with targeted disruptions in the paralogous genes hoxa-3 and hoxd-3 reveal synergistic interactions.The Hox genes encode transcription factors which mediate the formation of the mammalian body plan along the anteroposterior and appendicular axes. Paralogous Hox genes within the separate linkage groups are closely related with respect to DNA sequence and expression, suggesting that they could have ...Animals; Atlas; Homozygote; Mice; Models, Genetic1994-07-28
60 Mitochondrial genomic analysis of late onset alzheimers disease reveals protective haplogroups H6A1A/H6A1B: the Cache County study on memory in agingBackground: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia and AD risk clusters within families. Part of the familial aggregation of AD is accounted for by excess maternal vs. paternal inheritance, a pattern consistent with mitochondrial inheritance. The role of specific mitochondrial...2012-01-01
61 Mouse model for the delta F508 allele of cystic fibrosisThe most common cause of cystic fibrosis is a mutation that deletes phenylalanine 508 in cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). The delta F508 protein is misprocessed and degraded rather than traveling to the apical membrane. We used a novel strategy to introduce the delta F508 ...Digestive System; Disease Models, Animal; Electrolytes; Mice, Inbred C57BL1995-10
62 N-formylmethionyl-sRNA as the initiator of protein synthesis.A bizarre fast about Nterminal groups of bacterial proteins. Instead of a random mixture, that the great majority of N-terminal groups were either methionine or alanine. This finding suggested that methionine and alanine constituted start signals for the initiation of polypeptide chains. Alternative...Electrophoresis; Formates; In Vitro; Methionine1966-01-01
63 National Medals of Science and Technology Awards (2001) Ceremony and Banquet, held June 13, 2002This 51 minutes, 5 seconds video is divided into two parts: the first part is a film introducing the award winners and their achievements; the second is the presentation of the actual awards by George W. Bush, President of the United States. Medal winners were: Mario R. Capecchi for his pioneering...Molecular genetics; Gene targeting; Transgenic mice; Gene expression; Genetic engineering; Capecchi, Mario R.; Science - Awards - United States; Awards presentations2002
64 Nonreciprocal exchanges of information between DNA duplexes coinjected into mammalian. cell nucleiWe have examined the mechanism of homologous recombination between plasmid molecules coinjected into cultured mammalian cells. Cell lines containing recombinant DNA molecules were obtained by selecting for the reconstruction of a functional Neor gene from two plasmids that bear different amber mutat...Animals; Cells, Cultured; DNA Restriction Enzymes; Kinetics1985-01
65 Paralogous mouse Hox genes, Hoxa9, Hoxb9, and Hoxd9, function together to control development of the mammary gland in response to pregnancy.Although the role of Hox genes in patterning the mammalian body plan has been studied extensively during embryonic and fetal development, relatively little is known concerning Hox gene function in adult animals. Analysis of mice with mutant Hoxa9, Hoxb9, and Hoxd9 genes shows that these paralogous g...Embryonic and Fetal Development; Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental; Genotype; Mice, Knockout1999-01
66 Patterns of integration of DNA microinjected into cultured mammalian cells: evidence for homologous recombination between injected plasmid DNA molecules.We examined the fate of DNA microinjected into nuclei of cultured mammalian cells. The sequence composition and the physical form of the vector carrying the selectable gene affected the efficiency of DNA-mediated transformation. Introduction of sequences near the simian virus 40 origin of DNA replic...Base Sequence; Cell Line; Genes, Viral; Genetic Vectors; Mice; Microinjections1982-11
67 Pax3:Fkhr interferes with embryonic Pax3 and Pax7 function: implications for alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma cell of origin.To investigate the role of the translocation-associated gene Pax3:Fkhr in alveolar rhabdomyosarcomas, we generated a Cre-mediated conditional knock-in of Pax3:Fkhr into the mouse Pax3 locus. Exploring embryonic tumor cell origins, we replaced a Pax3 allele with Pax3:Fkhr throughout its expression do...Neuroprogenitor; Embryogenesis2004-11-01
68 Polypeptide chain termination in vitro: isolation of a release factor.The growing polypeptide chain remains bound to the ribosome-messenger RNA complex through the sRNA carrying the last amino acid incorporated into the polypeptide chain.' On completion of the polypeptide chain a mechanism must exist for releasing it from the protein-synthesizing machinery. To date, m...Carbon Isotopes; Phenylalanine; Proteins1967-09-01
69 Polypetide chain termination. Purification of the release factors, R1 and R2, from Escherichia coli.We have extensively purified the release factors RI and Rz from Escherichia coli. These proteins can each mediate polypeptide chain termination. The physiological substrate for this reaction is a completed polypeptide chain in a peptidyl- transfer RNA-messenger RNA-ribosome complex. The reaction con...Acrylates; Detergents1971-02-25
70 Protein synthesis directed by DNA phage messengers.Even through the amino acids corresponding to most of the 64 nucleotide triplets are now known, several important aspects of the genetic code are not yet fully understood. In particular we need more knowledge about the "punctuation marks" of the code-for example, the signals necessary for the initia...Carbon Isotopes; Escherichia coli; Genetic Code; Methionine1967-09-01
71 Purification and characterization of mouse hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase.Hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HGPR transferase) (EC 2.4.2.8) has been purified approximately 4500-fold to apparent homogeneity from mouse liver. The procedure involves the use of affinity chromatography and was designed to be readily adaptable to small scale isolations. The enzyme ...Buffers; Centrifugation, Density Gradient; Chromatography, Affinity; Chromatography, Gel; Chromatography, Ion Exchange; Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel1975-01-31
72 Reexamination of gene targeting frequency as a function of the extent of homology between the targeting vector and the target locus.Mutations were targeted to the Hprt locus of mouse embryo-derived stem cells by using 22 different sequence replacement and sequence insertion vectors. The targeting frequency was examined at two sites within the Hprt locus as a function of the extent of homology between the targeting vector and the...Cell Line; DNA Transposable Elements; Embryo; Exons; Mice1992-08-12
73 Regionally restricted developmental defects resulting from targeted disruption of the mouse homeobox gene hox-1.5.Gene targeting in mouse embryo-derived stem cells has been used to disrupt the homeobox gene hox-1.5. Mice heterozygous at the hox-1.5 locus appear normal, whereas hox-1.5-/hox-1.5- mice die at or shortly after birth. These homozygotes are athymic, aparathyroid, have reduced thyroid and submaxillary...Abnormalities, Multiple; Animals, Newborn; Arteries; Bone and Bones; Cartilage; Esophagus; Gene Expression; Heart Defects, Congenital; Organ Specificity; Parathyroid Glands; Pharynx; Thymus Gland; Thyroid Gland; Trachea1991-04-11
74 Removing the vertebrate-specific TBP N terminus disrupts placental beta2m-dependent interactions with the maternal immune systemMammalian TBP consists of a 180 amino acid core that is common to all eukaryotes, fused to a vertebrate-specific N-terminal domain. We generated mice having a modified tbp allele, tbp(DeltaN), that produces a version of TBP lacking 111 of the 135 vertebrate-specific amino acids. Most tbp(DeltaN/Delt...Alleles; Animals, Genetically Modified; Binding Sites; Embryonic and Fetal Development; Evolution, Molecular; Female; Fetus; Immune Tolerance; Male; Mice; Mutation; ATA-Box Binding Protein2002-07-12
75 Role of Hox genes in mediating the mammalian body planThis is a 1 hour, 5 minutes, 28 seconds video of a lecture given by Mario Capecchi on the genetic analysis of the Hox complex, or Hox cluster and their role in embryogenesis. Using examples such as the development of the hindbrain (rhombencephalon), facial nerves, and hands Capecchi outlines the re...Transgenic mice; Gene targeting; Genetic engineering; Molecular genetics; Homeobox genes; Histology - Pathological; Gene expression; Gene regulation; Genotype; Phenotype
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