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51 Capecchi, Mario R.Homologous recombination between coinjected DNA sequences peaks in early to mid-S phase.We have examined the effect of cell cycle position on homologous recombination between plasmid molecules coinjected into synchronized rat fibroblasts. Recombination activity was found to be low in G1 and to rise 10- to 15-fold, peaking in early to mid-S phase.Cell Line; Kinetics; Plasmids1986-06
52 Capecchi, Mario R.Housekeeping gene xanthine oxidoreductase is necessary for milk fat droplet enveloping and secretion: gene sharing in the lactating mammary gland.Xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR) is the rate-limiting enzyme in purine catabolism occurring in most cell types. However, this housekeeping gene is expressed at very high levels in a number of mammalian tissues including the lactating mammary epithelium, suggesting additional roles for XOR in these tiss...Body Weight; Cell Differentiation; Cell Membrane; Epithelium2002-12-15
53 Capecchi, Mario R.How close are we to implementing gene targeting in animals other than the mouse?Describes several significant contributions that bring us much closer to extending ‘‘gene targeting'' to mammalian species other than the mouse. Gene targeting now provides the means for creating new strains of mice with mutations in virtually any gene. First, the desired mutation is introduced ...Cattle; Mutagenesis; Mice; Humans; Ethics, Medical2000-02-01
54 Rogers, Alan R.How much can fossils tell us about regional continuity?Presents a study on the genetic contribution of earlier populations to later populations within regions called regional continuity. Testing for regional continuity with multiple characters; Replacement of archaic population by a population of modern humans.Human genetics; Fossils; Regional continuity2006-06-05
55 Capecchi, Mario R.Hox genes and mammalian developmentWe have examined the interactions of Hox genes in forming a cervical vertebrae, hindbrain, and limbs. In each case, it is apparent that individual Hox genes are performing individual functions but that more profound roles are apparent when they act in combination with others Hox genes. The observed ...Drosophila; Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental; Homozygote1997
56 Capecchi, Mario R.Hox group 3 paralogous genes act synergistically in the formation of somitic and neural crest-derived structures.Hox genes encode transcription factors that are used to regionalize the mammalian embryo. Analysis of mice carrying targeted mutations in individual and multiple Hox genes is beginning to reveal a complex network of interactions among these closely related genes which is responsible for directing th...Abnormalities, Multiple; Gene Targeting; Glossopharyngeal Nerve; Mice, Knockout; Morphogenesis1997-12-15
57 Capecchi, Mario R.Hox group 3 paralogs regulate the development and migration of the thymus, thyroid, and parathyroid glands.The thymus, thyroid, and parathyroid glands in vertebrates develop from the pharyngeal region, with contributions both from pharyngeal endoderm and from neural crest cells in the pharyngeal arches. Hoxa3 mutant homozygotes have defects in the development of all three organs. Roles for the Hoxa3 para...Animals, Newborn; Calcitonin; Ectoderm; Gene Dosage; Genotype; Mice, Mutant Strains; Phenotype1998-03-01
58 Capecchi, Mario R.Hox10 and Hox11 genes are required to globally pattern the mammalian skeleton.Mice in which all members of the Hox10 or Hox11 paralogous group are disrupted provide evidence that these Hox genes are involved in global patterning of the axial and appendicular skeleton. In the absence of Hox10 function, no lumbar vertebrae are formed. Instead, ribs project from all posterior ve...Alleles; Animals; Forelimb; Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental; Hindlimb2003-07-18
59 Capecchi, Mario R.Hox11 paralogous genes are essential for metanephric kidney inductionThe mammalian Hox complex is divided into four linkage groups containing 13 sets of paralogous genes. These paralogous genes have retained functional redundancy during evolution. For this reason, loss of only one or two Hox genes within a paralogous group often results in incompletely penetrant phen...Metanephric; Six2; Wt12002-06-01
60 Capecchi, Mario R.; Tvrdik, PetrHoxb1 functions in both motoneurons and in tissues of the periphery to establish and maintain the proper neuronal circuitry.Formation of neuronal circuits in the head requires the coordinated development of neurons within the central nervous system (CNS) and neural crest-derived peripheral target tissues. Hoxb1, which is expressed throughout rhombomere 4 (r4), has been shown to be required for the specification of facial...Rhombomere 4; Branchiomotor; Cranial Nerve2004-07-04
61 Capecchi, Mario R.Hoxb13 mutations cause overgrowth of caudal spinal cord and tail vertebraeTo address the expression and function of Hoxb13, the 5' most Hox gene in the HoxB cluster, we have generated mice with loss-of-function and beta-galactosidase reporter insertion alleles of this gene. Mice homozygous for Hoxb13 loss-of-function mutations show overgrowth in all major structures deriv...Animals; Axons; Ganglia, Spinal; Mice; Spinal Cord2003-04-15
62 Capecchi, Mario R.Hoxb8 is required for normal grooming behavior in mice.Repertoires of grooming behaviors critical to survival are exhibited by most animal species, including humans. Genes that influence this complex behavior are unknown. We report that mice with disruptions of Hoxb8 show, with 100% penetrance, excessive grooming leading to hair removal and lesions. Add...Aging; Alleles; Animals, Newborn; Behavior, Animal; Bone and Bones; Disease Models, Animal; Mice, Knockout Nerve Net2002-01-03
63 Capecchi, Mario R.Hoxc13 mutant mice lack external hairHox genes are usually expressed temporally and spatially in a colinear manner with respect to their positions in the Hox complex. Consistent with the expected pattern for a paralogous group 13 member, early embryonic Hoxc13 expression is found in the nails and tail. Hoxc13 is also expressed in vibri...Filiform papillae; Homozygotes; Paralogous1998-01-01
64 Capecchi, Mario R.Illegitimate cre-dependent chromosome rearrangements in transgenic mouse spermatids.The bacteriophage P1 Cre/loxP system has become a powerful tool for in vivo manipulation of the genomes of transgenic mice. Although in vitro studies have shown that Cre can catalyze recombination between cryptic "pseudo-loxP" sites in mammalian genomes, to date there have been no reports of loxP-si...Chromatin; Female; Mice, Inbred C57BL; Phenotype2000-12-05
65 Capecchi, Mario R.In vivo and in vitro tissue-specific expression of green fluorescent protein using the cre-lox system in mouse embryonic stem cells.Embryonic stem cells (ES) are pluripotent and may therefore serve as a source for the generation of specific cell types required for future therapies based on cell replacement. The isolation of defined cell populations from a certain lineage or tissue is a prerequisite for the analysis of the potent...Animals; Cell Differentiation; Cells, Cultured; Gene Transfer Techniques; Mice, Transgenic2005-10-23
66 Gesteland, Raymond F.; Atkins, John F.Influence of the stacking potential of the base 3' of tandem shift codons on -1 ribosomal frameshifting used for gene expressionTranslating ribosomes can shift reading frame at specific sites with high efficiency for gene expression purposes. The most common type of shift to the 1 frame involves a tandem realignment of two anticodons from pairing with mRNA sequence of the form X XXY YYZ to XXX YYY Z where the spaces indicate...1 frameshifting; 39 context effect; Codon anticodon interaction; Escherichia coli ; Recoding; tRNALys; XXXY YYZ frameshift motifs2002
67 Capecchi, Mario R.Initiation of E. coli proteins.Recent experiments and theoretical arguments suggest that formylmethionyl sRNA is employed as an initiator of protein synthesis. Studies also indicated that other phage proteins synthesized in the in vitro system were initiated with formylmethionine. These observations provided a basis for believin...Alanine; Chromatography, Paper; Dipeptides1966-06
68 Mansour, Suzanne L.; Thomas, Kirk R.; Capecchi, Mario R.Introduction of a lacZ reporter gene into the mouse int-2 locus by homologous recombination.We demonstrate that the frequency of gene targeting is unaffected by the length of nonhomologous DNA transferred to a target chromosomal sequence. A result of this finding is that a much wider spectrum of designed genomic alterations is now feasible. As a first application, we inserted a 5.4-kilobas...Blotting, Southern; Cell Differentiation; Fluorescent Antibody Technique; Restriction Mapping1990-10
69 Thomas, Kirk R.; Capecchi, Mario R.Introduction of homologous DNA sequences into mammalian cells induces mutations in the cognate gene.Injection of homologous DNA sequences into nuclei of cultured mammalian cells induces mutations in the cognate chromosomal gene. It appears that these mutations result from incorrect repair of a heteroduplex formed between the introduced and the chromosomal sequence. This phenomenon is termed 'heter...Animals; Cell Line; Drug Resistance, Microbial; Fibroblasts; Mice; Models, Genetic; Neomycin; Plasmids1986-11-06
70 Capecchi, Mario R.Introduction: the molecular genetic analysis of mouse developmentThis paper is an introduction of seven different papers presented in "Seminars in developmental biology" on Molecular Genetic Analysis of Mouse Development . The first paper, by Janet Rossant, describes very early mouse development. The second paper, by Frank Conlon and Rosa Beddington provide an i...Embryo Culture Techniques; Genes1995-04
71 Capecchi, Mario R.Isolation and characterization of Caenorhabditis elegans DNA sequences homologous to the v-abl oncogene.DNA sequences homologous to the v-abl oncogene were isolated from a Caenorhabditis elegans genomic library by their ability to hybridize with a v-src probe. The DNA sequence of 2465 nucleotides of one clone was determined. This region corresponds to the 5' protein kinase domain of v-abl plus approxi...Amino Acid Sequence; Animals; Base Sequence; Gene Expression Regulation; Transcription, Genetic1986-04
72 KSL News clip of Mario Capecchi receiving the National Medal of Science for 1991This 1 minute, 44 seconds news clip from Salt Lake City's KSLTV, Channel 5 shows Mario Capecchi receiving the National Medal of Science for 1991 from President George W. Bush at the June 13, 2002 awards ceremony. The medal was presented for Capecchi's work in genetics and his development of the pro...Transgenic mice; Gene targeting; Capecchi, Mario R.; Science - Awards - United States; Television broadcasting of news1992-06
73 KUTV news featurette on cloning, molecular genetics, and disease aired November 9, 1997This 3 minutes, 1 second video clip from Salt Lake City's KUTV, Channel 2 features a short interview with Mario Capecchi concerning cloning and its use in molecular genetics and the study of human diseases.Gene targeting; Genetic engineering; Molecular genetics; Cancer Research; Capecchi, Mario R.; Science - Moral and ethical aspects; Human chromosome abnormalities - Diagnosis; Television feature stories1997-11-09
74 Capecchi, Mario R.Lack of angiotensin II-facilitated erythropoiesis causes anemia in angiotensin-converting enzyme-deficient miceWhile nephrologists often observe reduced hematocrit associated with inhibitors of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), the basis for this effect is not well understood. We now report that two strains of ACE knockout mice have a normocytic anemia associated with elevated plasma erythropoietin levels...ACE2000-10-31
75 Capecchi, Mario R.Lessons from angiotensin-converting enzyme-deficient mice.Mice which lack ACE have low systolic blood pressure, reduced male fertility and a renal abnormality characterized by medullary hypoplasia and the inability to concentrate urine. The diverse phenotypes caused by inactivation of a single gene emphasize the many functional roles of ACE and the renin-q...Blood Pressure; Cell Line;Fertility; Kidney; Testis1991-11-01
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