26 - 50 of 259
Number of results to display per page
26 Downes, Stephen M.Review of Susan Oyama, Ontogeny of information: developmental systems and evolutionSusan Oyama's book thoroughly deserved reprinting. This is an exciting and engaging work that is still timely 15 years after its initial publication. Some of the text of the new edition is revised, and Oyama has added a new Preface and an Afterword. The new Foreword by Richard Lewontin provides a s...Information theory; Biology; Information gene concept; Morphological traits2001
27 Plutynski, AnyaStrategies of model building in population geneticsIn 1966, Richard Levins argued that there are different strategies in model building in population biology. In this paper, I reply to Orzack and Sober's (1993) critiques of Levins and argue that his view on modeling strategies apply also in the context of evolutionary genetics. In particular, I arg...2006
28 Mallon, RonaldPolitical liberalism, cultural membership and the familyIn a recent article on developments in John Rawls's theory of justice, S.A. Lloyd notes a problem in Rawls's treatment of the family. In Political Liberalism (hereafter PL), Rawls concedes that his theory assumes that "in some form the family is just." And Lloyd takes this to mean that the principle...Theory of justice; Equality; Upbringing1999
29 Battin, Margaret P.Death ethics: religious and cultural values in prolonging and ending lifeIn this sequel to his earlier Birth Ethics, Kenneth Vaux again uses what he calls a 'multiphasic ethical scheme," incorporating naturalistic, humanistic, and theistic values to explore the issues of suicide, euthanasia, letting die, genocide, withdrawing life supports, and other end-of-life issues.1994
30 White, Nicholas P.Review of Suzanne Mansion, 'Etudes Aristoteliciennes: receuils d'articlesThis volume is a posthumous collection of articles, all previously published and almost all on Aristotle, by Suzanne Mansion, along with a list of her scholarly works (xviiixxi). The articles printed here are reproduced photographically along with their original pagination, and a continuous paginati...Aristotle; Plato; Ancient Philosophy1988
31 White, Nicholas P.Review of Mary Margaret McCabe, "Plato's individualsThis book is an exploration of themes in Plato's metaphysics and epistemology from the Meno through his latest works. McCabe argues that Plato was interested, with increasing explicitness over his lifetime, in questions concerning what it is to be an individual. This interest led him, she maintains,...Individuality; Identity; Unity1997
32 Battin, Margaret P.July 4, 1826: explaining the same-day deaths of John Adams and Thomas JeffersonJohn Adams and Thomas Jefferson died on the same day, July 4, 1826. Both were old men--Adams was 90, and Jefferson was 83--and both were ill, though Adams had been in comparatively robust health until just a few months earlier and Jefferson had been ill for an extended period. They had been rivals,...Coincidence; Synchrony; Bioethics; Euthanasia; Suicide2005
33 Millgram, ElijahHume on practical reasoning (Treatise 463-469)The claim that " 'is' does not entail 'ought'" is so closely associated with Hume that it has been called 'Hume's Law'.1 The interpretation of the passage in Hume's Treatise of Human Nature that is the locus classicus of the claim is controversial. But the passage is preceded by three main bodies ...Morality; Human Nature; Deductive1997
34 Battin, Margaret P.On being blue, a philosophical inquiry by William GassOn Being Blue is a remarkable piece of rumination: it toes, wades, pulls its skirt up and immerses itself in the word 'blue.' Blue noses, blue laws, blue devils, blueblood; Gass begins by producing wonder, and we say: / didn't know the word 'blue' could be used in so many different ways. Bluebird, b...1977
35 Battin, Margaret P.C. G. Prado, choosing to die: elective death and multiculturalismThe central practical issue that this thorough, stimulating, and important book addresses is whether suicide can be rational in the context of terminal illness. Answers to this issue can be readily formulated in the familiar context of western political thought, with its liberal paradigm of autonomy...2008
36 Battin, Margaret P.Assisted suicide: can we learn from Germany?As the United States' public discussion of euthanasia and assisted suicide grows increasingly volatile, our interest in the Netherlands--the only country that openly permits the practice of euthanasia--has grown enormously. How do they do it? we ask. What drugs do they use? How many cases of euthan...Assisted suicide; Netherlands; Right to die1992
37 Nichols, ShaunAdaptive complexity and phenomenal consciousnessFocuses on epiphenomenalism problems in arguments about evolutionary function of phenomenal consciousness. Implications of cognitive neuropsychology evidence for the structure of phenomenal consciousness; Distinction of different kinds of epiphenominalist arguments; Provision of a developmental basi...Cognitive neuroscience; Cognizant; Exceptional2001-09-11
38 Francis, LeslieRoles of the family in making health care decisions for incompetent patientsThis article is about the roles of the family in making health care decisions for incompetent patients. It argues that complex moral reasons call for the participation of families in decision making for incompetents. However, these moral reasons do not support a single model of the family's role for...Family; Health Care Decisions; Patients; Family Rights2006-06-16
39 Thalos, Mariam G.From paradox to judgment: an essay on the metaphysics of expressionThe Liar sentence is a singularly important piece of philosophical evidence. It is an instrument for investigating the metaphysics of expressing truths and falsehoods. And an instrument too for investigating the varieties of conflict that can give rise to paradox. It shall serve as perhaps the most ...Liar sentence; Metaphysics; Paradox; Human Nature; Truth; Falsehood2005
40 Millgram, ElijahAristotle on making other selvesThere is still a relative paucity of discussion of the views on friendship that Aristotle presents in the Nicomachean Ethics, although some recent work may indicate a new trend. One suspects that this paucity reflects a belief that those views are not very interesting; if true, this witnesses to an ...Virtue-friendship; Nicomachean Ethics; Non-instrumental friendship1987
41 Haber, MatthewCoherence, consistency, and cohesion: Clade selection in Okasha and beyondSamir Okasha argues that clade selection is an incoherent concept, because the relation that constitutes clades is such that it renders parent-offspring (reproduction) relations between clades impossible. He reasons that since clades cannot reproduce, it is not coherent to speak of natural selection...Biological classification; Cladistics; Taxonomy2005-12
42 Francis, LeslieCreation Ethics and the harms of existenceDavid DeGrazia's Creation Ethics1 is a fascinating effort to present a consistent account of creation in many contexts-from reproduction, to self-creation through genetic enhancement, to the creation of entire future generations. For reasons of space, this comment addresses the related discussions o...2014-01-01
43 Parker, Bradley J.Yukarı Dicle Arkeolojik Araştırma Projesi (UTARP) boztepe vuzey arastirmasi ve kazilari, talavcas, tepe yontemli yuzey arastirmasi, 1999 on rapor (The upper tigris archaeological ressearch project (UTARP) excavations and survey at boztepe and intensive survey at talavas tepe, 1999: a preliminary report)
44 Parker, Bradley J.Yukari dicle arkeolojik arastirma projesi (UTARP): Kenan Tepenin kulturel tarihinin on sentezi (The Upper Tigris Archaeological Research Project (UTARP): a preliminary synthesis of the cultural history of Kenan Tepe)
45 Parker, Bradley J.Yukarı Dicle Arkeolojik Araştırma Projesi (UTARP): 2002 Yılı Kenan Tepe Kazilarina Genal Bakış (The Upper Tigris Archaeological Reseach Project [UTARP]: An Overview of the 2002 Excavations at Kenan Tepe)
46 Parker, Bradley J.Yukari dicle arkeolojik arastirma projesi (UTARP) Kenan Tepe 2000 yiki calismalari raporu (The upper Tigris archaeological research project (UTARP) a preliminary report from the year 2000 excavations at Kenan Tepe)
47 Francis, LeslieGroup compromise: perfect cases make problematic generalizationsRothstein argues that groups may be harmed by research on deidentified data. He concludes that researchers are obligated to minimize group harms and demonstrate respect for a studied group through robust opt-out capacities, information about the possibility of group-based harms, and publications ref...2010-01-01
48 Battin, Margaret P.; Francis, Leslie; Jacobson, Jay A.Patients' understanding and use of advance directivesThe Patient Self-Determination Act was implemented in December 1991. Before and after its implementation, we used a structured interview of 302 randomly selected patients to determine their awareness, understanding, and use of advance directives. Implementation of the Act did not have a major eff...Living will; Medical care; Durable power of attorney1994
49 Goldberg, Robert A.Zion in Utah: the Clarion colony and Jewish agrarianismThe history of the Jewish agricultural colony at Clarion, Utah, presented by Robert A. Goldberg is somewhat special, for western Jewish history has been notably small town and urban. In painstakingly reconstructing the story of those who organized, settled, and finally failed at Clarion, Goldberg ...1991
50 Downes, Stephen M.Herbert Simon's computational models of scientific discoveryHerbert Simon's work on scientific discovery deserves serious attention by philosophers of science for several reasons. First, Simon was an early advocate of rational scientific discovery, contra Popper and logical empiricist philosophers of science (Simon 1966). This proposal spurred on investigati...Android epistemology; Psychological processes; Cognitive individualism1990
26 - 50 of 259