26 - 50 of 48
Number of results to display per page
26 Maloney, Thomas N.Degrees of inequality: the advance of black male workers in the northern meat packing and steel industries before World War IIRecent major works on long-term racial inequality in the labor market revolve around competing hypotheses concerning the importance of human capital factors (Smith and Welch 1989) and government policy (Donohue and Heckman 1991) in promoting black advance. There is however, another line or thinking ...Labor markets; Northern employers; Racial inequality1995
27 Holzner, Claudio A.; Jameson, Kenneth P.; Maloney, Thomas N.; Abebe, Berhanie; Lund, Matthew; Schaub, KristenEconomic impact of the Mexico-Utah relationshipThis study began during the Summer of 2005 and set out to examine the complexity of the globalized relation between Utah and Mexico, concentrating on broadly defined "economic linkages." It was designed to build upon earlier similar studies done in Arizona and in Texas on those states' relations wit...Economics, Utah; Migration; Immigration; Mexico; Undocumented immigrants2006-03-10
28 Maloney, Thomas N.Personnel policy, costs of experimentation, and racial inequality in the Pre-World War II NorthBetween 1910 and 1940, the black population of the northern United States nearly tripled, rising from just over I million to more than 2.7 million, signaling the start of the "Great Migration" of African-Americans out of the South. As black workers entered the North, they sought positions in new sec...Race bias; Personnel policies; African Americans; Employment opportunities1999
29 Waitzman, Norman J.Costs and benefits of folic acid fortification in the United States: economic analysis, regulatory action, and public healthThe United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) required that as of January 1, 1998, manufacturers of enriched cereal- grain products fortify their products with folic acid to reduce the number of pregnancies affected by a neural tube defect (NTD). Prior to adoption of the regulation in 1996...Nutrition; Gestation; Maturnity; Birth defects2004-10-14
30 Waitzman, Norman J.Half-life of cost-of-illness estimates: the case of Spina BifidaNeural tube defects, which include spina bifida, are one of the most frequent and important categories of birth defects. Accordingly, there has been considerable interest in studying the impact of spina bifida as a public health problem. This impact can be measured in various ways, including dise...Spinal cord; Birth defect; Healthcare costs2004-10-12
31 Li, MinqiChina: hyper-development and environmental crisisChina's spectacular economic growth has been one of the most dramatic developments in the global economy over the past quarter century. Between 1978 and 2004 the Chinese economy expanded at an annual rate of 9.4 per cent. No other large economy has ever grown so rapidly for so long in the economic h...China; Economic growth; Environmental impacts2007
32 Von Arnim, Rudiger LennartLabor productivity and energy use in a three sector model: an application to EgyptThis paper presents a model of a developing economy with three sectors| industry, agriculture, and energy. Industry and energy are assumed to be demand- constrained, but agriculture supply-constrained. The model highlights (a) structural transformation, through labor transfer from agriculture to in...2010
33 Maloney, Thomas N.Ghettos and jobs in history: neighborhood effects on African American occupational status and mobility in World War I-era Cincinnati, OhioThis article examines how residence in racially segregated neighborhoods affected the job prospects of African American men in the late 1910s. The analysis focuses on one northern city-Cincinnati, Ohio.The evidence comes from a new longitudinal dataset containing information on individuals linked...Economic outcomes; Residential segregation; Black urban neighborhoods2005
34 Jameson, Kenneth P.Castle or the tipi: rationalization or irrationality in the American economyDuring a 1957 Notre Dame conference entitled "What America stands for", Karl De Schweinitz, Jr. examined the "contemporary problems of the American economy'.American economy; Power; Economic imperatives1972-10
35 Li, MinqiAfter neoliberalism: empire, social democracy, or socialism?Analyzes political doctrines such as imperialism, social democracy and socialism as a possible economic trend after the neoliberalism era. Characteristics of neoliberal regime; Alternative scenarios of global economic crisis; Problems that a revived social democratic capitalism would not address; Ac...Political doctrines; Liberalism; Imperialism2004
36 Li, MinqiChina: six years after TiananmenSix years ago, immediately after the democratic movement was repressed in China, almost all Chinese liberal intellectuals and Western observers predicted that, without "political reform," "economic reform" would fail in China. Despite their warnings, tens of billions of dollars have continued to po...China; Economic reform; Political reform1996
37 Maloney, Thomas N.Making the effort: the racial contours of Detroit's labor markets, 1920-1940In 1940 the Ford Motor Company employed half of the black men in Detroit but only 14 percent of the whites. The authors postulate that black Detroiters were concentrated at Ford because they were excluded from working elsewhere. Those most affected were young married black men. A Ford job was vir...Automotive workers - Blacks; Ford Motor Company1995
38 Li, MinqiRise of China and the demise of the capitalist world-economy: exploring the historical possibilities in the 21st centuryChina's rising importance in the capitalist world economy raises questions of world-historic significance. How is China's internal social structure likely to evolve as China assumes different positions in the existing world system? Will China's current regime of accumulation survive the potential pr...World economy; China; Economic development2005
39 Jameson, Kenneth P.Has institutionalism won the development debate?Institutionalism has again become central to development thinking, accompanied by an appreciation of the variety and complexity of institutional evolution. The result is not the 'old institutionalism' of Thorstein Veblen and Clarence Ayres or the 'new institutionalism' of the early Douglass North. ...Development; Institutionalism; Markets2006
40 Smith, Ken R.; Waitzman, Norman J.Double jeopardy: interaction effects of marital and poverty status on the risk of mortalityThe purpose of this paper is to examine the hypothesis that marital and poverty status interact in their effects on mortality risks beyond their main effects. This study examines the epidemiological bases for applying an additive rather than a multiplicative specification when testing for interacti...National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey1994
41 Jameson, Kenneth P.Determinants of Latin American exchange rate regimesThe experience of the last thirty years suggests that a wide range of factors affects policymakers' choice of exchange rate regime. The initial explanation was that changes in the international sphere dominated domestic policies and strongly influenced how governments decided among the trade-offs. M...Monetary policy; Exchange rate regimes2005
42 Fowles, RichardDeterminants of motor vehicle fatalities using classical specification testing and Bayesian sensitivity methodsThis paper uses classical regression methods along with Bayesian Extreme Bounds Analysis (EBA) to addresses the effect of cell phones on motor vehicle fatality rates so as to examine the potential of net life-taking and life-saving effects. The models adjust for a time trend (YEAR), the maximum b...Motor vehicle fatalities; Motor vehicle statistical studies; Cell phones2008-01-09
43 Maloney, Thomas N.Higher places in the industrial machinery?: tight labor markets and occupational advancement by black males in the 1910sThe economic history of African American workers since 1940 has been marked by alternating episodes of progress and stagnation. Sharp gains in relative incomes during the 1940s were followed by little change in this measure in the 1950s. Renewed progress from the mid-1960s to the mid-1970s was follo...Blacks (United States); Job opportunities; Labor market2005
44 Maloney, Thomas N.Living standards in black and white: evidence from the heights of Ohio prison inmates, 1829-1913The use of height data to measure living standards is now a well-established method in the economic history literature. Moreover, a number of core findings are widely agreed upon. There are still some populations, places, and times, however, for which anthropometric evidence remains limited. One su...Stature, Inequality, Nineteenth century US race relations2008-07
45 Maloney, Thomas N.Wage compression and wage inequality between black and white males in the United States, 1940-1960The gap between the mean wages of black men and white men in the United States narrowed substantially between 1940 and 1950. There was, however, almost no change in this wage gap between 1950 and 1960. Some of this discontinuity in the path of black progress can be explained by general changes in th...Salaries; Race; Compensation1994-06
46 Jameson, Kenneth P.Supply side economics: growth versus income distributionThis article discusses the supply-side policies of developing countries and the relationship between growth and income distribution leading to a equitable distribution of income, which have important implications for developed economies. The huge spurs to investment have aided growth but worsened in...Economic development; Income; Progressive taxation; Developing countries1980-11
47 Li, MinqiSecular trends, long waves, and the cost of the state: evidence from the long-term movement of the profit rate in the U.S. economyTheorists in the tradition of either Classical Marxism or Keynesianism understand that as capitalism provides an historical space for the development of material forces of production, its economic and social contradictions tend to develop, requiring progressively more complex institutional structure...Marxism; Social structures of accumulation; Neoliberalism2006
48 Bilginsoy, CihanThe hazards of training: attrition and retention in construction industry apprenticeship programsApprenticeship programs in the United States, which provide workers with the broad-based skills required for practicing a trade via on-the-job training, are sponsored either unilaterally by employers or jointly by employers and trade unions. A comparison of the attrition and retention rates in these...2003
26 - 50 of 48