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CreatorTitleDescriptionSubjectDate
26 Whitty, Kevin J.A system for measuring bubble voidage and frequency around tubes immersed in a fluidized bed of particlesGas-solid fluidized beds are common in chemical processing and energy production industries. These types of reactors frequently have banks of tubes immersed within the bed to provide heating or cooling, and it is important that the fluid dynamics within these bundles is efficient and uniform. This p...2010
27 Ring, Terry Arthur; Eddings, Eric G.; Sarofim, Adel F.Determination of soot refractive index as a function of height in an inverse diffusion flameWith the scope of combustion diagnostics increasing, it is becoming ever more important for some of the more basic physical properties of soot to be addressed. Soot refractive index values were obtained as a function of height in a benzene inverse diffusion flame (IDF). The IDF was chosen for ease i...Inverse diffusion flame2007
28 Lighty, Joann; Sarofim, Adel F.; Eddings, Eric G.Modeling the coagulation of charged particlesOne important mechanism in the growth of soot particles is to understand the role of particle charge in the coagulation of the particles. A previously developed model has been extended to include the coagulation of charged particles. The model includes neutral particles and charged particles (up to ...Charged particles; Flame ionization; Modeling2004
29 Pershing, David W.; Wendt, Jost O. L.Investigation of first- and second-stage variables on control of NOx emissions using staged combustion in a pulverized coal wall-fired furnaceRecent tests on an EPA 1- to 1.5 x 106 Btu/hr pilot-scale pulverized coal furnace show that N0X emissions of 100 ppm to 150 ppm (zero percent 02) are achievable with the use of two-stage combustion. Comparable N0X emission levels were obtained with three different coal types fired in either the sing...NOx; Carbon monoxide; Emissions1979
30 Sarofim, Adel F.Simulation of soot formation using particle dynamics with one dimensional nucleation modeTwo soot formation models using particle dynamics with one-dimensional nucleation mode directly coupled with gas phase chemistry are tested on three ethylene and three methane laminar premixed flames. These models demonstrate strength in the prediction of concentration profiles of major combustion p...Soot formation models; Particle dynamics; One dimensional nucleation mode; Combustion chemistry2004
31 Eddings, Eric G.; Sarofim, Adel F.; Pershing, David W.Production of nitrogen oxide during char oxidation at pulverized coal combustion conditionsMore stringent regulations for NOx control in pulverized coal combustors have made the scientific community focus on sources of emissions that were traditionally considered less relevant to the overall NOx production. The oxidation to NO of the nitrogen that is organically bound to the char is one o...2001
32 Smith, Philip J.Soot in combustion simulationsSoot is the dominant source of radiative heat transfer from most practical flames. A review is presented of historical, empirical modelling approaches for estimating heat flux from fires and flames. These historical methods have drawn on empiricism to address the role of soot while seeking methods f...Large eddy simulation; LES; Combustion simulation; Radiative heat transfer; Pool fires2005
33 Eddings, Eric G.; Spinti, Jennifer C.; Smith, Philip J.Soot volume fraction from extinction in JP-8 and heptane pool firesTotal extinction measurements from a multiple beam experiment using a 10mW laser diode are presented and compared to calculate soot volume fraction in heavily sooting pool fires from a 150 mm diameter pan of Jet Propulsion fuel 8 (JP-8) and heptane. Trends in attenuation are critiqued for the t...Pool fires; Jet propulsion fuel2005
34 Pershing, David W.Formation and control of NO emissions from coal-fired spreader-stoker boilersStoker coal-fired furnaces are significant in terms of coal consumption and environmental impact; however, they have received little research attention. This paper describes the results of a study on the formation and control of nitrogen oxides in coal-fired spreader-stoker systems. Three scales of...Stoker coal-fired furnaces1983
35 Eddings, Eric G.NOx emissions from intermediate-temperature combustion of steel-industry by-product gasesA study of NOx emissions from the combustion of coke-oven gas and blast-furnace gas (steel industry by-product gases) was undertaken using detailed kinetic modeling to elucidate the pathways for NOx formation. The study was performed at the intermediate temperatures (1200-1400K) and 1 atm, which rep...2004
36 Eddings, Eric G.; Smith, Philip J.Soot volume fraction from extinction in JP-8 and heptane pool firesTotal extinction measurements from a multiple beam experiment using a 10mW laser diode are presented and compared to calculate soot volume fraction in heavily sooting pool fires from a 150 mm diameter pan of Jet Propulsion fuel 8 (JP-8) and heptane. Trends in attenuation are critiqued for the t...Soot volume fraction; Heptane pool fires; JP-8 pool fires; Heavily sooting pool fires; Laser diagnostics2005
37 Sarofim, Adel F.Numerical combustion of aviation fuel part I: a cross-model comparison of n-heptane premixed flameFour different n-heptane mechanisms were used to simulate a fuel rich n-heptane premixed flame and their results were compared with experimental measurements. In addition to discussion of the numerical performance of each mechanism, flux analysis coupled with the atomic distribution technique was us...Aviation fuel; n-heptane; Premixed flame2003
38 Pershing, David W.Influence of coal composition on the fate of volatile and char nitrogen during combustionFifty coals from North America, Europe, Asia, South Africa and Australia were burned in a 21 kW, refractory-lined tunnel furnace to determine the influence of coal properties on the fate of volatile and char nitrogen. Excess air fuel NO emissions (as determined by combustion in Ar/02/C02) ranged fro...Coal composition; Char nitrogen; Volatile nitrogen; NO emissions1982
39 Smith, Philip J.State space sensitivity to a prescribed probability density function shape in coal combustion systems: joint β-PDF versus clipped Gaussian PDFThe turbulent transport of three coal off-gas mixture fractions is coupled to a prescribed joint //-probability- density-function (//-PDF) mixing model. This physical transport and subgrid joint //-PDF mixing model is used to explore the incorporation of coal off-gas compositional disparities betwe...Off-gas stream; β-PDF; Char oxidation2000
40 Veranth, John M.; Pershing, David W.; Sarofim, Adel F.Sources of unburned carbon in the fly ash produced from low-NOx pulverized coal combustionThe unburned carbon in the fly ash produced from low-NOx pulverized coal combustion is shown to consist of a mixture of soot and coal char. The soot was identified by the presence of chains or aggregates of 10-50-nm-diameter primary particles in electron microscope images of both laboratory sample...Unburned carbon; Char1998
41 Pershing, David W.Bench and pilot scale process evaluation of reburning for in-furnace NOx reductionThis paper describes a combined experimental and theoretical study which was undertaken to quantify the impact of fuel and process parameters on reburning effectiveness and provide the scaling information required for commercial application of reburning under highly varied industrial conditions. Ini...Reburning; Nitrogen oxides reduction; Staged fuel injection1986
42 Pershing, David W.Influence of fuel composition and flame temperature on the formation of thermal and fuel NOx in residual oil flamesA 900 kw model package boiler and a 20 kw laboratory tunnel furnace were used to study fuel and thermal NO, formation during heavy oil combustion. Package boiler results indicated that atomizer design, spray/ flow field interactions, and fuel composition were significant, dependent parameters. These...Residual oil flames1979
43 Pershing, David W.; Slaughter, David MichaelParameters influencing the evolution and oxidation of sulfur in suspension phase coal combustionStoker coal-fired boiler furnaces are significant in terms of coal consumption and environmental impact; however, they have received relatively little research attention. This paper describes the results of a two-year study on the formation of sulfur oxides in the suspension phase of a coal-fired s...Stoker coal-fired furnaces1983
44 Lighty, Joann; Silcox, GeoffreyFundamentals of mercury oxidation in flue gasThis report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, ...2006
45 Pershing, David W.Design and construction of a rotary kiln simulator for use in studying the incineration of hazardous wasteRotary kilns have been used extensively in the cement industry to calcine limestone. In the past few years, the technology has been viewed as a possible option for the incineration of hazardous waste materials, especially for the disposal of solid wastes and the cleanup of contaminated soils and tra...Rotary kilns; Hazardous waste; Waste burning1989-08
46 Lighty, Joann; Sarofim, Adel F.Carbon dioxide effects on metal vaporization during coal combustionCoal combustion products may take one of two forms. Residual ash (> 1 micron) is formed by particle shrinkage and breaking during combustion. Some material will vaporize and later recondense. During recondensation, these molecules have a high affinity for submicron particles because of the large sur...Coal combustion products; Metal vaporization; Carbon dioxide; Residual ash2001
47 Pershing, David W.; Wendt, Jost O. L.Pulverized coal combustion: NOx formation mechanisms under fuel rich and staged combustion conditionsA 2 Kg/h pulverized fuel one dimensional flame combustor was used to determine time resolved NO profiles under fuel rich and staged combustion conditions. Seven solid fuels, including two coal chars, were investigated. Results show that at all fuel rich conditions NO is formed rapidly and then is ...Flame; Composition; Reaction1979
48 Sutherland, James Clayton; Kerstein, Alan R.A unified approach to the various formulations of the one-dimensional-turbulence modelThe One-Dimensional Turbulence (ODT) model has been successfully applied as a stand-alone model for predicting turbulence statistics in both nonreacting and reacting flows. There are several formulations of the model in the literature, and most of the variable-density formulations do not clearly dis...2010
49 Pershing, David W.Control of NOx and particulate emissions from spreader-stokers fired with hogged woodThe formation and emission of nitrogen oxides and particulate carry-over were studied from spreader-stoker combustion of hogged Douglas-fir, with a focus on optimizing the combustion conditions in each of the two distinct combustion zones, the bed phase and the suspension phase local oxygen availabi...Chemical analysis; Combustion; Emission; Engineering; Environmental control; Fuels; Nitrogen compounds; Particulates; NOx; Hogged wood1987
50 Pershing, David W.Biomass combustion: relationship between pollutant formation and fuel compositionA 65-kW refractory-walled reactor was used to study biomass combustion under conditions typical of the suspension-burning phase in a spreader-stoker-fired boiler. Isothermal combustion data and nitric oxide (NO) emission rates were obtained as a function of temperature, local oxygen concentration, ...Combustion; Emissions; Energy; Environmental control; Fuels; Pyrolysis; Biomass fuel; Particulates1989
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