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26 Horch, Kenneth W.; Dhillon, Gurpreet S.Direct neural sensory feedback and control of a prosthetic armEvidence indicates that user acceptance of modern artificial limbs by amputees would be significantly enhanced by a system that provides appropriate, graded, distally referred sensations of touch and joint movement, and that the functionality of limb prostheses would be improved by a more natural co...Peripheral Nerve Implant; Prosthetic Limb Control; Sensory Feedback2005-12
27 Horch, Kenneth W.Unit analysis in composite neural recordingsWe have used threshold level, sinusoidal stimuli to selectively elicit phase-locked activity from cutaneous mechanoreceptors, for the purpose of evaluating single unit activity in multi-unit peripheral nerve recordings. Each receptor is characterized by its response to a range of mechanical stimuli ...Neural recordings; Nerve fibers; Cutaneous mechanoreceptors1989
28 Horch, Kenneth W.Towards a neuroprosthetic armEvidence indicates that user acceptance of modern artificial limbs by amputees would be significantly enhanced by a system that provides appropriate, graded, distally referred sensations of touch and joint movement, and that the functionality of limb prostheses would be improved by a more natural co...Neuroprosthetic arm; Peripheral nerve; Neuroprosthetics; Amputee2006
29 Christensen, Douglas A.Modeling sources in the FDTD formulation and their use in quantifying source and boundary condition errorsThe modeling of voltage and current sources as either added or replaced sources in FDTD simulations is described and their differences discussed in terms of a transmission line analogy. An infinitesimal current element (ICE) is used to illustrate the validation of added source modeling and to study...Finite-difference time-domain method; Infinitesimal current element1995-04
30 Normann, Richard A.; Clark, Gregory A.; McDonnall, DanielSelective motor unit recruitment via intrafascicular multielectrode stimulationRecruitment of force via independent asynchronous firing of large numbers of motor units produces the grace and endurance of physiological motion. We have investigated the possibility of reproducing this physiological recruitment strategy by determining the selectivity of access to large numbers of ...Funtional Neuromuscular Stimulation; Microelectrode Array; Neuroprosthesis; Intrafascicular Multielectrode Stimulation; Cats2004
31 Horch, Kenneth W.Mechanical testing of metallic and polymeric intrafascicular electrodesWe are exploring alternatives to Pt/Ir wire for constructing ultra-flexible neural intrafascicular electrodes suitable for chronic implantation. In this study we measured the flexural properties of several kinds of fine metal wires and conducting polymer fibers. The fibers were made either of in...Intrafascicular electrodes; Polymer fibers1994
32 Gesteland, Raymond F.; Atkins, John F.; Baranov, Pavel V.P-site tRNA is a crucial initiator of ribosomal frameshiftingThe expression of some genes requires a high proportion of ribosomes to shift at a specific site into one of the two alternative frames. This utilized frameshifting provides a unique tool for studying reading frame control. Peptidyl-tRNA slippage has been invoked to explain many cases of programmed ...Translation; Recoding; Kinetic Model; Frameshifting; Ribosome2004
33 Christensen, Douglas A.; Herron, James N.Comparison of robust coupling techniques for planar waveguide immunosensorsWe have analyzed and fabricated two different coupling schemes to meet the requirements for a convenient means of coupling into a planar waveguide immunosensor that is relatively insensitive to beam alignment. These are the "launch" coupler and the grating coupler. Each possesses advantages and dis...Planar waveguide immunosensors; Fluorescence; Launch coupler; Grating coupler1993
34 Horch, Kenneth W.Differential activation of nerve fibers with magnetic stimulation in humansEarlier observations in our lab had indicated that large, time-varying magnetic fields could elicit action potentials that travel in only one direction in at least some of the myelinated axons in peripheral nerves. The objective of this study was to collect quantitative evidence for magnetically in...Magnetic stimulation; Peripheral nerve; Electromyographic potential; Somatosensory potential2006
35 Normann, Richard A.; Abbasi, Masoud; Johansson,TorbjornSilicon carbide enhanced thermomigrationThe widespread acceptance of thermomigration technology to produce through-chip interconnects has been impaired by (i) a random walk of the Si-Al liquid eutectic inclusion as it traverses the wafer, and (ii) a ?surface barrier? which allows thermomigration of only relatively large inclusions. In ...Silicon Dioxide; Thermometers; Transducers; Thermomigration Technology; Infrared Lamps1992
36 Horch, Kenneth W.Proposed specifications for a lumbar spinal cord electrode array for control of lower extremities in paraplegiaThe goal of the study was to provide specifications for a stimulating electrode array to be implanted in the lumbosacral spinal cord as part of a functional neuromuscular stimulation (FNS) system for control of lower extremity muscles in paralyzed individuals. Dual channel stimulation of the qua...Stimulating electrode array; FNS; Functional neuromuscular stimulation1997
37 Christensen, Douglas A.Ultrasound-enhanced localized chemotherapy of drug-sensitive and multidrug resistant tumorsA new modality of targeted tumor chemotherapy is based on the drug encapsulation in polymeric nanoparticles followed by a localized release at the tumor site triggered by focused ultrasound. Effect of 1 MHz and 3 MHz unfocused ultrasound applied locally to the tumor on the Doxorubicin (DOX) biodistr...Ultrasound-enhanced chemotherapy; Drug-resistant tumors; Biodistribution; Tumor sonication2006
38 Horch, Kenneth W.Tracking changes in action potential shapes in chronic multi-unit intrafascicular recordings using neural network pattern recognition techniquesA novel scheme is proposed to train an Artificial Neural Network (A") classifier, on a repeated basis, in order to track temporal changes in the shapes of the action potentials recorded through chronically implanted intrafascicular electrodes. This scheme uses classification results of the ANN Clas...Intrafascicular electrodes; Artificial neural network1994
39 Christensen, Douglas A.Effects of increased energy prices on U.S. agriculture: an econometric approachAlthough the contents of this manuscript remain the responsibility of the authors, we wish to thanks a group of reviewers for the time and conscientious effort they put forth to solidify this final draft. Andrew Morton, Brian Holding, Wesley Buchele, and Arnold Paulsen deserve much credit for their ...Energy prices1981
40 Horch, Kenneth W.Control of ankle position using neural feedbackThis paper describes a closed loop control system that uses afferent neural activity from muscle spindle fibers as feedback for controlling ankle position. The gastrocnemius muscle was stimulated through a dual channel intrafascicular electrode implanted in a fascicle of the tibial nerve. Dual cha...Neuromuscular stimulation; Peripheral nerve; Joint angle1994
41 Gesteland, Raymond F.; Atkins, John F.Evolutionary specialization of recoding: frameshifting in the expression of S. cerevisiae antizyme mRNA is via an atypical antizyme shift site but is still +1An autoregulatory translational shift to the +1 frame is required for the expression of ornithine decarboxylase antizyme from fungi to mammals. In most eukaryotes, including all vertebrates and a majority of the studied fungi/yeast, the site on antizyme mRNA where the shift occurs is UCC-UGA. The me...Antizyme; ODC; Polyamines; Frameshifting2006
42 Normann, Richard A.Effects of GABA and related drugs on horizontal cells in the isolated turtle retinaThe role of GABA in the outer plexiform layer of the turtle retina has been examined by intracellular recordings from L- and C-type horizontal cells in the isolated retina preparation. GABA (1-5 mM) slightly depolarized the L-type horizontal cells, reduced the amplitude of their photoresponses, and ...Retina; Horizontal Cells; Synapse; Negative Feedback; GABA; Turtle1990
43 Hendee, Shonn P.; Faour, Fouad A.; Christensen, Douglas A.; Patrick, Baharah; Durney, Carl H.; Blumenthal, Donald K.Effects of weak extremely low frequency magnetic fields on calcium/calmodulin interactions.Mechanisms by which weak electromagnetic fields may affect biological systems are of current interest because of their potential health effects. Lednev has proposed an ion parametric resonance hypothesis (Lednev, 1991, Bioelectromagnetics, 12:71-75), which predicts that when the ac, frequency of a c...Electromagnetic Fields; Calcium-binding Proteins; Lednev's Theory1996-06
44 Normann, Richard A.; Maynard, Edwin M.Neural interface for a cortical vision prosthesisThe development of a cortically based vision prosthesis has been hampered by a lack of basic experiments on phosphene psychophysics. This basic research has been hampered by the lack of a means to safely stimulate large numbers of cortical neurons. Recently, a number of laboratories have developed a...Neuroprosthetics; Artificial Vision; Electrode Arrays; Multielectrode Recordings; Biocompatibility1999
45 Normann, Richard A.; Kolb, HelgaNeural organization of the retina of the turtle Mauremys caspica: a light microscope and Golgi studyThe organization of the retina of the turtle species Mauremys caspica, found in fresh water ponds of Israel, has been examined by light microscopical techniques including examination of fresh wholemount retina, one micron blue-stained vertical sections and Golgi-stained material. The anatomical find...Turtle Retina; Photoreceptors; Golgi Technique; Amarcine Cells1988
46 Christensen, Douglas A.Using the cardiovascular system to illustrate fundamental laws and principles in a freshman courseOur Fundamentals of Bioengineering I course is organized around key physical and engineering laws and principles. A semester-long Major Project is assigned which integrates many of these principles by modeling the human systemic cardiovascular system, using both Matlab computer analysis and assembly...Matlab2002
47 Horch, Kenneth W.Are the extrinsic muscles better suited for signaling joint angles or finger tip location?We used a biomechanical model of the human long finger to determine whether the extrinsic muscles are better suited for estimating the finger's joint angles or for estimating location of the finger tip. We found that two of the extrinsic muscles together could provide information sufficient to direc...Extrinsic muscles; Metacarpophalangeal joint; Biomechanical models1997
48 Normann, Richard A.; Campbell, Patrick K.; Jones, Kelly E.100 electrode intracortical array: structural variabilityA technique has been developed for fabricating three dimensional "hair brush" electrode arrays from monocrystalline silicon blocks. Arrays consist of a square pattern of 100 penetrating electrodes, with 400 microns interelectrode spacing. Each electrode is 1.5mm in length and tapers from about 100 m...Microelectrode arrays; Stimulation; Micromachining1990
49 Christensen, Douglas A.Resonant inductive applicator for neck hyperthermiaWe have designed and phantom tested an inductive applicator especially suited for producing hyperthermia in cancerous regions in the neck. The applicator is tuned to resonate near 27 MHz; its inductive nature has the advantage of efficient coupling to the irregular neck anatomy. An inhomogeneou...Hyperthermia applicator; Phantom tests1989
50 Hansen, Mark S.; Healy, Lindsey J.; Johnson, Christopher R.; Capecchi, Mario R.; Keller, Charles; Jones, Greg M.Virtual histology of transgenic mouse embryos for high-throughput phenotyping.A bold new effort to disrupt every gene in the mouse genome necessitates systematic, interdisciplinary approaches to analyzing patterning defects in the mouse embryo. We present a novel, rapid, and inexpensive method for obtaining high-resolution virtual histology for phenotypic assessment of mouse ...Forkhead Transcription Factors; Paired Box Transcription Factors2006
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