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26 Brain volumes in psychotic youth with schizophrenia and mood disordersBackground: We sought to test the hypothesis that deficits in grey matter volume are characteristic of psychotic youth with early-onset schizophrenia-spectrum disorders (EOSS) but not of psychotic youth with early-onset mood disorders (EOMD). Methods: We used magnetic resonance imaging to examine br...2010-01-01
27 Building spatiotemporal anatomical models using joint 4-D segmentation, registration, and subject-specific atlas estimationLongitudinal analysis of anatomical changes is a vital component in many personalized-medicine applications for predicting disease onset, determining growth/atrophy patterns, evaluating disease progression, and monitoring recovery. Estimating anatomical changes in longitudinal studies, especially th...2012-01-01
28 Changes of MR and DTI appearance in early human brain developmentUnderstanding myelination in early brain development is of clinical importance, as many neurological disorders have their origin in early cerebral organization and maturation. The goal of this work is to study a large neonate database acquired with standard MR imagery to illuminate effects of early ...2010-01-01
29 Characterizing growth patterns in longitudinal MRI using image contrastUnderstanding the growth patterns of the early brain is crucial to the study of neuro-development. In the early stages of brain growth, a rapid sequence of biophysical and chemical processes take place. A crucial component of these processes, known as myelination, consists of the formation of a myel...2014-01-01
30 Closed and open source neuroimage analysis tools and libraries at UNCThe emergence of open-source libraries and development tools in the last decade has changed the process of academic software development in many ways. In medical image processing and visualization this change is especially evident, also because open source projects are actively furthered by grant fu...2006-01-01
31 Computational anatomy to assess longitudinal trajectory of brain growthThis paper addresses the challenging problem of statistics on images by describing average and variability. We describe computational anatomy tools for building 3-D and spatio-temporal 4-D atlases of volumetric image data. The method is based on the previously published concept of unbiased atlas bui...2006-01-01
32 Constrained data decomposition and regression for analyzing healthy aging from fiber tract diffusion propertiesIt has been shown that brain structures in normal aging undergo significant changes attributed to neurodevelopmental and neurodegeneration processes as a lifelong, dynamic process. Modeling changes in healthy aging will be necessary to explain differences to neurodegenerative patterns observed in m...2009-01-01
33 Correlations between the alpha angle and femoral head asphericity: Implications and recommendations for the diagnosis of cam femoroacetabular impingementObjective: To determine the strength of common radiographic and radial CT views for measuring true femoral head asphericity. Patients and Methods: In 15 patients with cam femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) and 15 controls, alpha angles were measured by two observers using radial CT (0º, 30º, 60º,...2014-01-01
34 Correspondence evaluation in local shape analysis and structural subdivisionRegional volumetric and local shape analysis has become of increasing interest to the neuroimaging community due to the potential to locate morphological changes. In this paper we compare three common correspondence methods applied to two studies of hippocampal shape in schizophrenia: correspondence...2007-01-01
35 Cortical enhanced tissue segmentation of neonatal brain MR images acquired by a dedicated phased array coilThe acquisition of high quality MR images of neonatal brains is largely hampered by their characteristically small head size and low tissue contrast. As a result, subsequent image processing and analysis, especially for brain tissue segmentation, are often hindered. To overcome this problem, a dedic...2009-01-01
36 DTI quality control assessment via error estimation from monte carlo simulationsDiffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) is currently the state of the art method for characterizing the microscopic tissue structure of white matter in normal or diseased brain in vivo. DTI is estimated from a series of Diffusion Weighted Imaging (DWI) volumes. DWIs suffer from a number of artifacts which ma...2013-01-01
37 DTIPrep: quality control of diffusion-weighted imagesIn the last decade, diffusion MRI (dMRI) studies of the human and animal brain have been used to investigate a multitude of pathologies and drug-related effects in neuroscience research. Study after study identifies white matter (WM) degeneration as a crucial biomaker for all these diseases. The too...2014-01-01
38 Design activity framework for visualization designAn important aspect in visualization design is the connection between what a designer does and the decisions the designer makes. Existing design process models, however, do not explicitly link back to models for visualization design decisions. We bridge this gap by introducing the design activity fr...2014-01-01
39 Diffusion tensor imaging: application to the study of the developing brainObjective: To provide an overview of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and its application to the study of white matter in the developing brain, in both healthy and clinical samples. Method: The development of DTI and its application to brain imaging of white matter tracts is discussed. 48 studies usi...2007-01-01
40 Discordance of prenatal and neonatal brain development in twinsBackground: Discordance of birth weight has been observed in twin pairs, though little is known about prenatal and early neonatal discordance of head and brain size, and the role that zygosity and chorionicity play in discordances of early brain development in twins. Aims: To compare prenatal and ne...2009-01-01
41 Discovering and visualizing patterns in EEG dataBrain activity data is often collected through the use of electroen-cephalography (EEG). In this data acquisition modality, the electric fields generated by neurons are measured at the scalp. Although this technology is capable of measuring activity from a group of neurons, recent efforts provide ev...2013-01-01
42 Discrimination analysis using Multi-object statistics of shape and poseA main focus of statistical shape analysis is the description of variability of a population of geometric objects. In this paper, we present work towards modeling the shape and pose variability of sets of multiple objects. Principal geodesic analysis (PGA) is the extension of the standard technique ...2007-01-01
43 Early postnatal development of corpus callosum and corticospinal white matter assessed with quantitative tractographyBACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The early postnatal period is perhaps the most dynamic phase of white matter development. We hypothesized that the early postnatal development of the corpus callosum and corticospinal tracts could be studied in unsedated healthy neonates by using novel approaches to diffusion...2007-01-01
44 Efficient probabilistic and geometric anatomical mapping using particle mesh approximation on GPUsDeformable image registration in the presence of considerable contrast differences and large size and shape changes presents significant research challenges. First, it requires a robust registration framework that does not depend on intensity measurements and can handle large nonlinear shape variati...2011-01-01
45 Emerging evidence for platelets as immune and inflammatory effector cellsWhile traditionally recognized for their roles in hemostatic pathways, emerging evidence demonstrates that platelets have previously unrecognized, dynamic roles that span the immune continuum. These newly recognized platelet functions, including the secretion of immune mediators, interactions with e...2014-01-01
46 Estimation of smooth growth trajectories with controlled acceleration from time series shape dataLongitudinal shape analysis often relies on the estimation of a realistic continuous growth scenario from data sparsely distributed in time. In this paper, we propose a new type of growth model para-meterized by acceleration, whereas standard methods typically control the velocity. This mimics the b...2011-01-01
47 Evaluating the use of strontium isotopes in tree rings to record the isotopic signal of dust deposited on the Wasatch MountainsDust cycling from the Great Basin to the Rocky Mountains is an important component of ecological and hydrological processes. We investigated the use of strontium (Sr) concentrations and isotope ratios (87Sr/86Sr) in tree rings as a proxy for dust deposition. We report Sr concentrations and isotope r...2014-01-01
48 Evaluation of DTI property maps as basis of DTI atlas buildingCompared to region of interest based DTI analysis, voxel-based analysis gives higher degree of localization and avoids the procedure of manual delineation with the resulting intra and inter-rater variability. One of the major challenges in voxel-wise DTI analysis is to get high quality voxel-level c...2010-01-01
49 Functional connectivity MR imaging reveals cortical functional connectivity in the developing brainBACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Unlike conventional functional MR imaging where external sensory/cognitive paradigms are needed to specifically activate different regions of the brain, resting functional connectivity MR imaging acquires images in the absence of cognitive demands (a resting condition) and de...2008-01-01
50 Generalized hardi invariants by method of tensor contractionWe propose a 3D object recognition technique to construct rotation invariant feature vectors for high angular resolution diffusion imaging (HARDI). This method uses the spherical harmonics (SH) expansion and is based on generating rank-1 contravariant tensors using the SH coefficients, and contracti...2014-01-01
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