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1 Aberrant Regeneration Third NerveGregory P. Van Stavern, MD, Associate Professor, Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences and Neurology, Washington University School of Medicine48 year old woman S/P rupture and repair of right sided posterior communicating artery aneurysm Video shows residual partial right third nerve palsy, with aberrant regeneration, causing a pseudo Von Graefe's sign (elevation of the right upper eyelid with attempted infraduction of the right eye)
2 AnisocoriaKarl C. Golnik, MD, Departments of Ophthalmology, Neurology & Neurosurgery, University of Cincinnati & The Cincinnati Eye InstituteThis is a narrated powerpoint presentation that covers the common causes of anisocoria.
3 Apraxia of Eyelid OpeningRaed Behbehani, MD, Al-Bahar Ophthalmology Center, Kuwait City, KuwaitPatient has Parkinson disease and has developed this condition following deep brain stimulation.
4 Auditory System: Neuroanatomy Video Lab - Brain DissectionsSuzanne S. Stensaas, PhD, Professor Emeritus, Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy School of Medicine, University of UtahThe anatomy of the middle ear and cochlea are shown using models and diagrams explaining the process of air-fluid transmission and finally transduction by hair cells. Gross specimens demonstrate the cochlear nerve and its brain stem relays and crossings all the way to auditory cortex. Wernicke's are...
5 Basal Ganglia: Neuroanatomy Video Lab - Brain DissectionsSuzanne S. Stensaas, PhD, Professor Emeritus, Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy School of Medicine, University of UtahStructures involved in involuntary movements are shown on models, in animations, and on gross coronal and axial sections. Diagrams show the cortex-to-cortex loop and the nigrostriatal pathway. The direct and indirect pathways are shown. The direct pathway facilitates movement while the indirect path...
6 Basic Eyelid MeasurementsJohn D. Ng, MD, MS, FACS, Professor of Ophthalmology, Ophthalmic Facial Plastic Surgery Division, Casey Eye Institute, Oregon Health and Science UniversityDemonstration of basic eyelid measurements.
7 Bilateral acquired Brown's syndromeRyan D. Walsh, MDDepartment of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, The Eye Institute, Medical College of Wisconsin; Department of Neurology, Medical College of Wisconsin; Collin McClelland, MDDepartments of Ophthalmology and Visual Neurosciences. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota.A 27 year old female with a history of Sjogren's syndrome reported a 2 year history of a vertical binocular diplopia with looking up-and-to-the right. She has also noticed an audible "click" when positioning her eyes in this direction. As depicted in the video, when attempting to look up-and-to-the...
8 Brain Stem & Reflexes: Neuroanatomy Video Lab - Brain DissectionsSuzanne S. Stensaas, PhD, Professor Emeritus, Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy School of Medicine, University of UtahThe cranial nerves are reviewed again on a specimen with vessels. Next, landmarks on gross brain stem sections are shown. Stressed are the three reflexes associated with each of the three levels: pupillary, corneal and gag reflexes and their associated cranial nerves. Finally cross sections of myeli...
9 Cerebellum: Neuroanatomy Video Lab - Brain DissectionsSuzanne S. Stensaas, PhD, Professor Emeritus, Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy School of Medicine, University of UtahThe gross features of the cerebellum are shown. The three peduncles are demonstrated, noting their input and output to and from the cerebellum. Emphasis is given to symptoms of cerebellar disease appearing on the same side of the body. Special emphasis is given to cortical-cerebellar connections, st...
10 Cerebral Circulation: Neuroanatomy Video Lab - Brain DissectionsSuzanne S. Stensaas, PhD, Professor Emeritus, Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy School of Medicine, University of UtahThe major vessels of the anterior and posterior circulation are demonstrated along with the Circle of Willis on both a model and in an animation. The distribution of the three major cerebral arteries is demonstrated along with the concept of a watershed zone. A gross specimen with good vessels is al...
11 Clinical Characteristics of Ocular LateropulsionJorge C Kattah, MD, Illinois Neurologic Institute, Univ of Illinois College of MedicineA discussion of the normal mechanism that maintain the eyes in normal horizontal position.
12 Cogan's Lid Twitch SignRaed Behbehani, MD, Al-Bahar Ophthalmology Center, Kuwait City, KuwaitCogan's lid twitch sign is a twitch sign of he upper lid upon looking straight from a sustained downgaze position. It is associated with Ocular Myasthenia Gavis.
13 Comparison of the Motor Systems: Neuroanatomy Video Lab - Brain DissectionsSuzanne S. Stensaas, PhD, Professor Emeritus, Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy School of Medicine, University of UtahA comparison of the three major motor systems focuses on categorizing motor problems as corticospinal tract, cerebellar, or basal ganglia. It begins with 12 minutes of gross anatomical structures and pathway review followed by clinical video clips demonstrating clinical features of disease of each o...
14 Congenital Oculomotor ApraxiaRaed Behbehani, MD, Al-Bahar Ophthalmology Center, Kuwait City, KuwaitCongenital Ocular Motor Apraxia is an uncommon condition that causes children to have difficulty moving their eyes horizontally or from side to side. They are usually unable to quickly move their eyes from side to side and often have to turn their head (head jerking) and not just their eyes to track...
15 Control of the Eye Movements: Neuroanatomy Video Lab - Brain DissectionsSuzanne S. Stensaas, PhD, Professor Emeritus, Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy School of Medicine, University of UtahDisturbances in eye movements can provide important clues for localization of neurological damage. The role of the frontal eye fields in horizontal gaze is stressed. The need to coordinate cranial nerves on both sides of the brain stem introduces the medial longitudinal fasciculus and its role in co...
16 Control of the Pupil: Neuroanatomy Video Lab - Brain DissectionsSuzanne S. Stensaas, PhD, Professor Emeritus, Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy School of Medicine, University of UtahThrough diagrams, animations and gross specimens the constriction and dilation of the pupil by the autonomic nervous system are described. Both the parasympathetic and sympathetic control are traced and the importance of a constricted pupil, Horner's Syndrome, and temporal lobe (uncal) herniation (d...
17 Convergence-Retraction Nystagmus in Dorsal-Midbrain SyndromePaul Freund, MD, FRCSC, University of Toronto, Dept of Ophthalmology & Vision Sciences, Toronto Eye Specialists and Surgeons; Edward Margolin, MD, FRCSC, Associate Professor, University of Toronto, Dept of Ophthalmology & Vision Sciences, Toronto Eye Specialists and SurgeonsA man in his early twenties was referred by optometrist for abnormal eye motility findings. He had a remote history of an excised pinealoma. On exam he had almost complete upgaze palsy, convergence-retraction nystagmus on attempted upgaze, and light-near dissociation of pupillary reaction, the class...
18 Cortical Localization: Neuroanatomy Video Lab - Brain DissectionsSuzanne S. Stensaas, PhD, Professor Emeritus, Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy School of Medicine, University of UtahThe lobes of the brain are defined together with their major functions. The visual field representation in the occipital lobe is explained with a diagram. Speech areas and the major types of aphasia are discussed in the dominant hemisphere and parietal lesions of neglect and spatial orientation are ...
19 Cranial Nerves: Neuroanatomy Video Lab - Brain DissectionsSuzanne S. Stensaas, PhD, Professor Emeritus, Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy School of Medicine, University of UtahThe approach is to learn to associate the cranial nerves with their brainstem level and blood supply. Emphasis is given to the midbrain (3, 4), pons (5, 6, 7, 8), medulla (9, 10, 11, 12) and their most important functions.
20 Direct and Consensual ResponseKarl C. Golnik, MD, Departments of Ophthalmology, Neurology & Neurosurgery, University of Cincinnati & The Cincinnati Eye InstituteExplanation of direct and consensual response testing.
21 Distance Visual Acuity TestingSean Gratton, MD, Sabates Eye CenterDemonstration of measuring distance visual accuity.
22 Double simultaneous visual field stimulationVictoria S. Pelak, MD, Departments of Neurology and Ophthalmology, University of Colorado School of Medicine (UCSOM); James R. Bateman, MD, MPH, VISN 6 Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center (MIRECC), Salisbury VA Medical Center, Salisbury, NC, Department of Neurology, Wake Forest S...Explanation of the double simultaneous visual field exam, as part of the larger higher order visual function examination. Video accompanies The Clinical Examination of Higher Order Visual Function: Syndrome-based Approach: https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6837zqp and Visual Neglect: http...
23 Downbeat Nystagmus Anti-GAD Cerebellar SyndromeRaed Behbehani, MD, Al-Bahar Ophthalmology Center, Kuwait City, KuwaitA patient with Anti-GAD positive Cerebellar syndrome with ataxia and opsoclonus due to downbeat nystagmus , treated with Baclofen with some improvement.
24 Examination of Eye Movements and AlignmentJason H. Peragallo, MD, Assistant Professor of Ophthalmology, Emory Eye Center, Emory UniversityIntroduction to the examination of eye movements and alignment.
25 Examination of Lymph NodesJohn D. Ng, MD, MS, FACS, Professor of Ophthalmology, Ophthalmic Facial Plastic Surgery Division, Casey Eye Institute, Oregon Health and Science UniversityDemonstration of lymph node examination.
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