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1 Normal Light Reflex without RAPDThis clip demonstrates the examination of the Relative Afferent Pupillary Defect (RAPD.) Demonstration of gauging the size of the pupil in light, testing light reflexes, swinging flashlight test for optic nerve abnormality.Image/MovingImage
2 Intermittent Square Wave JerksPatient with intermittent square wave jerks (no audio)Image/MovingImage
3 Downbeat NystagmusExample of patient with downbeat nystagmus. Patient is led through instructions of where to gaze.Image/MovingImage
4 Retraction NystagmusPatient with retraction nystagmus (no audio)Image/MovingImage
5 Bilateral PtosisImage/MovingImage
6 CPEOPatient with Chronic Progressive External Ophthalmoplegia (CPEO)Image/MovingImage
7 Spasmus NutansImage/MovingImage
8 Vestibular NystagmusExample of patient with vestibular nystagmus. Patient is led through instructions for direction of gaze. Shown also with Frenzel goggles.Image/MovingImage
9 Third Nerve PalsyPatient with third nerve palsy (no audio)Image/MovingImage
10 Downbeat NystagmusExample of patient with downbeat nystagmus. Patient is led through instructions of where to gaze. (no audio)Image/MovingImage
11 Congenital NystagmusPatient with congenital nystagmus (no audio)Image/MovingImage
12 Brainstem TraumaImage/MovingImage
13 Cogan's Lid TwitchImage/MovingImage
14 3 Step TestDemonstration of patient examination.Image/MovingImage
15 Rotary DownbeatPatient with rotary downbeat nystagmus (no audio)Image/MovingImage
16 Flutter in DowngazeExamination of patient with flutter in downgaze (no audio)Image/MovingImage
17 Vestibular NystagmusDiscussion of vestibular nystagmus. Seen with peripheral disorders and central disorders, and in two varieties: spontaneous and positional. Horizontal jerk with small amplitude.Image/MovingImage
18 Duane's Retraction Syndrome Type 1; Lid retractionExample of patients with Duane's Retraction Syndrome, Type 1. Description of components of Duane's Syndrome: limitation of abduction, variable limitation of adduction, and palpebral fissure narrowing and globe retraction with attempted adduction. Type 1 includes limited or absent abduction with norm...Image/MovingImage
19 Central Retinal Artery OcclusionImage/MovingImage
20 Progressive Supranuclear PalsyExample of patient with progressive supranuclear palsy. Discussion of difference between saccadic movement in supranuclear palsy and nystagmus. Shows saccadic intrusions in forward gaze, pursuit, saccades, and doll's head maneuver.Image/MovingImage
21 Spasmus NutansExample of patient with spasmus nutans. Discussion of characteristics of this disorder, such as dissociated or monocular nystagmus, abnormal head position, and to-and-fro head oscillation. Sometimes an eccentric gaze is seen as well (as in patient). Patient has a monocular horizontal nystagmus in th...Image/MovingImage
22 Bilateral Facial MyokymiaExample of a patient with a brain stem glioma. Shows bilateral facial myokymia.Image/MovingImage
23 Duane's Retraction Syndrome Type 3Example of a patient with Type 3 Duane's Retraction Syndrome, as well as bilateral Duane's Syndrome. Shows limitation of abduction in both eyes and adduction in the left eye. Also shows side-view of globe retraction in abduction.Image/MovingImage
24 Internuclear Ophthalmoplegia (2 examples)Two examples of patients with internuclear ophthalmoplegia. First patient has a right internuclear ophthalmoplegia. Patient had subacute bacterial endocarditis with a bacterial abscess in the brain stem. Ductions and gaze to the right look good, but when gazing to the left, the right eye does not ad...Image/MovingImage
25 Hemifacial SpasmExample of patients with hemifacial spasm. First patient has a sequela of Bell's palsy, and is seen to have mainly clonic movements around the eye, with occasional tonic movements around the mouth. Second patient has a cerebellopontine angle epidurmoid tumor, and is seen to have movements around the...Image/MovingImage
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