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1 A 'Canal Jam' During Head Impulse Testing in a Patient With Horizontal Canal BPPVA 70-year-old man reported brief episodes of positional vertigo. Ten years prior, he had undergone gamma knife radiosurgery for a vestibular schwannoma at the left cerebellopontine angle. Video head impulse testing (vHIT) showed reduced gains and corrective saccades in the planes of the left horizon...Image/MovingImage
2 Bruns Nystagmus (During Video-Oculography) Due to Vestibular SchwannomaA 25-year-old man with a history of right-sided hearing loss, headaches and imbalance was found to have a right vestibular schwannoma on MRI, and underwent a partial resection and radiotherapy. He denied symptoms of head movement dependent oscillopsia (i.e., suggestive of significant unilateral or b...Image/MovingImage
3 Gaze-Evoked, Rebound, and Centripetal Nystagmus in Cerebellar DegenerationA 68-year-old female reported a 2-year history of progressive gait imbalance, falls, dizziness and vertical oscillopsia. She described that dizziness and oscillopsia were worst when looking down. There was no family history of ataxia. Composite gaze with fixation was recorded with video-oculography ...Image/MovingImage
4 Audiometry: What Does It Look Like and How Do I Interpret It?An audiogram measures a patient's auditory threshold responses with pure-tone stimuli across a range of sound frequencies that are important for human communication, typically 250 Hz to 8000 Hz. The threshold is the sound intensity level at which an individual detects the tone 50% of the time. Heari...Text
5 What is the Cause of My Patient's Hearing Loss?This is a flowsheet differentiating multiple causes of hearing loss. The onset and chronicity of hearing loss is a critical starting point in understanding whether urgent action is needed, such as in the setting of suspected stroke or sudden sensorineural hearing loss. For hearing loss that has been...Text
6 Bilateral riMLF syndrome causing vertical saccadic palsy and loss of ipsitorsional fast phasesThis is a 60-year-old man who developed fatigue and diabetes insipidus about 12 months prior to this video, and MRI demonstrated hypothalamic enhancement at that time. Nine months prior to this video, he gradually noticed that he was unable to look down. Work-up for ischemic, infectious, inflammator...Image/MovingImage
7 Vestibulocerebellum LectureA lecture on vestibulocerebellum.Image/MovingImage
8 The Virtual (Telemedicine) Ocular Motor ExaminationThis document is based on Approach to the Ocular Motor & Vestibular History and Examination: https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s64x9bq1, but adapted and edited for the telemedicine exam. Virtual Ocular Motor Examination • Convergence: instruct the patient to focus on their thumb held at...Image/MovingImage
9 The Virtual (Telemedicine) Vestibular ExaminationThis document is based on Approach to the Ocular Motor & Vestibular History and Examination: https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s64x9bq1, but adapted and edited for the telemedicine exam. Virtual vestibular examination • Dix-Hallpike Maneuver: used to test for posterior canal (PC) B...Image/MovingImage
10 Ocular Motor Signs in Brainstem Demyelinating Disease - Spontaneous Upbeat, Vertical Gaze-Evoked Nystagmus, Slow Saccades, Bilateral Vestibular Loss, INOsThis is a 25-year-old woman who presented with painful vision loss bilaterally two years prior to this video recording, which was diagnosed as optic neuritis. Months later, she experienced oscillopsia and binocular horizontal diplopia and was subsequently diagnosed with multiple sclerosis. No record...Image/MovingImage
11 Abnormal Active Head Impulse Testing Recorded Asynchronously in Bilateral Vestibular LossThis is a video of patient with the subacute onset of head movement-dependent oscillopsia due to bilateral vestibular loss (with obvious bilaterally abnormal head impulse test (HIT) at the bedside), in addition to central ocular motor signs including saccadic smooth pursuit and gaze-evoked nystagmus...Image/MovingImage
12 Complete Saccadic Palsy Due to Pulmonary ThrombectomyThis is a 37-year-old woman who underwent pulmonary thrombectomy for a pulmonary embolus. Immediately following the procedure, she was unable to make normal eye movements. This video exam (she is the passenger in a car during a telemedicine appointment) was performed 4 months after the onset. She wa...Image/MovingImage
13 Paraflocculus (Tonsillar) Ocular Motor Syndrome and Dysmetria in a Chiari Malformation - Pre and Post-Operative ExamsThis is a 25-year-old woman presenting with 6 months or progressive imbalance, binocular vertical diplopia, and occipital headaches, which were brought on or aggravated by coughing or sneezing. Examination demonstrated hyperreflexia in the arms and legs with sustained clonus at the ankles and Babins...Image/MovingImage
14 6th nerve palsy as initial presentation of metastatic lung cancerA video describing 6th nerve palsy as initial presentation of metastatic lung cancer.Image/MovingImage
15 The Bedside Examination of the Ocular Motor SystemA masterclass covering the bedside examination of the ocular motor system.Image/MovingImage
16 Common Neuro-Ophthalmic Ancillary Tests to Assist in the Diagnosis and Localization of Afferent DisordersChart of the common neuro-ophthalmic ancillary tests to assist in the diagnosis and localization of afferent disorders.Text
17 Acute Vestibular Neuritis With Unidirectional Nystagmus and Abnormal Video Head Impulse TestThis is 45-year-old man who presented to the emergency department (ED) 2 days prior to this video recording with acute onset prolonged vertigo, nausea, head motion intolerance, unsteadiness and spontaneous nystagmus, consistent with the acute vestibular syndrome. Video-oculography examination in the...Image/MovingImage
18 Downbeat Nystagmus with Active Horizontal Head ShakingThis is a 70-year-old man who presented with one single complaint for 10 years - if he moved his head too quickly (even one single horizontal head movement to the right or the left), he would experience the abrupt loss of balance and dizziness. His typical episodes were reproducible, and interesting...Image/MovingImage
19 Positional Nystagmus During an Attack of Vestibular MigraineA 50-year-old woman presented to clinic after experiencing multiple episodes of hours-long vertigo attacks that were associated with headache, photophobia and phonophobia. She had a history of motion sickness and migraine headaches in her teenage years. She was diagnosed with vestibular migraine. Sh...Image/MovingImage
20 Superior Oblique Myokymia - Three Patients with Recorded Attacks Using VOG and Frenzel GogglesPatients with superior oblique myokymia (SOM) commonly present with complaints of monocular oscillopsia and/or vertical diplopia, which are related to the primary and secondary actions of the SO (incycloduction and depression, respectively). In many cases, SOM represents a neurovascular compression ...Image/MovingImage
21 Sitting & Walking Oscillopsia in a Patient with Bilateral Vestibular Loss & Head TremorThis is a 55-year-old man with oscillopsia for two reasons: He experienced oscillopsia at rest - so-called ‘sitting' oscillopsia - not from spontaneous nystagmus, but because of a combination of bilateral vestibular loss (BVL) and a mainly horizontal head tremor (this is sometimes referred to a...Image/MovingImage
22 Third Nerve Palsy Due to Tolosa Hunt SyndromeThis is a 20-year-old woman presenting with severe left eye pain and diplopia for several days. Examination was consistent with a pupil sparing left 3rd nerve palsy with complete external ophthalmoplegia (involving levator palpebrae, medial rectus, superior rectus, inferior rectus). Abduction OS was...Image/MovingImage
23 Unidirectional Nystagmus Two Days After Onset of Vestibular NeuritisImage/MovingImage
24 Upbeat Nystagmus & Ocular Flutter Due to Cerebellar Pilocytic AstrocytomaThis is a 20-year-old woman who was diagnosed with a cerebellar pilocytic astrocytoma at age 10 after presenting with severe headaches and hydrocephalus. She underwent incomplete resection and radiation therapy at that time. She experienced mild vertical oscillopsia in upgaze at baseline, and increa...Image/MovingImage
25 PSP with Complete Ophthalmoplegia and Inability to Suppress the VORThis is a 65-year-old woman presenting with visual complaints in the setting of advanced progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). She had complete vertical and horizontal ophthalmoplegia, although the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) could overcome the horizontal gaze palsy (but not the vertical gaze pals...Image/MovingImage
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